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WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Academic degree
  2. Academics
  3. Academy
  4. Accreditation mill
  5. Adult education
  6. Advanced Distributed Learning
  7. Alternative education
  8. Alternative school
  9. Apprenticeship
  10. Assessment
  11. Associate's degree
  12. Autodidacticism
  13. Bachelor's degree
  14. Boarding schools
  15. Bologna process
  16. British undergraduate degree classification
  17. Bullying
  18. Charter schools
  19. City academy
  20. Classical education
  21. Classroom
  22. Collaborative learning
  23. Community college
  24. Comparative education
  25. Compulsory education
  26. Computer-assisted language learning
  27. Computer based training
  28. Core curriculum
  29. Course evaluation
  30. Curriculum
  31. Degrees of the University of Oxford
  32. Department for Education and Skills
  33. Description of a Career
  34. Diploma mill
  35. Distance education
  36. Doctorate
  37. Dottorato di ricerca
  38. Double degree
  39. Dual education system
  40. Edublog
  41. Education
  42. Educational philosophies
  43. Educational psychology
  44. Educational technology
  45. Education in England
  46. Education in Finland
  47. Education in France
  48. Education in Germany
  49. Education in Italy
  50. Education in Scotland
  51. Education in the People%27s Republic of China
  52. Education in the Republic of Ireland
  53. Education in the United States
  54. Education in Wales
  55. Education reform
  56. E-learning
  57. E-learning glossary
  58. ELML
  59. Engineer's degree
  60. Essay
  61. Evaluation
  62. Examination
  63. External degree
  64. Extracurricular activity
  65. Feeder school
  66. First School
  67. Free school
  68. GCSE
  69. Gifted education
  70. Glossary of education-related terms
  71. Grade
  72. Graduate student
  73. Gymnasium
  74. Habilitation
  75. Hidden curriculum
  76. History of education
  77. History of virtual learning environments
  78. Homeschooling
  79. Homework
  80. Honorary degree
  81. Independent school
  82. Instructional design
  83. Instructional technology
  84. Instructional theory
  85. International Baccalaureate
  86. K-12
  87. Key Stage 3
  88. Laurea
  89. Learning
  90. Learning by teaching
  91. Learning content management system
  92. Learning management system
  93. Learning object metadata
  94. Learning Objects
  95. Learning theory
  96. Lesson
  97. Lesson plan
  98. Liberal arts
  99. Liberal arts college
  100. Liceo scientifico
  101. List of education topics
  102. List of recognized accreditation associations of higher learning
  103. List of unaccredited institutions of higher learning
  104. Magnet school
  105. Maria Montessori
  106. Masters degree
  107. Medical education
  108. Mickey Mouse degrees
  109. Microlearning
  110. M-learning
  111. Montessori method
  112. National Curriculum
  113. Networked learning
  114. One-room school
  115. Online deliberation
  116. Online MBA Programs
  117. Online tutoring
  118. Open classroom
  119. OpenCourseWare
  120. Over-education
  121. Preschool
  122. Primary education
  123. Private school
  124. Problem-based learning
  125. Professor
  126. Public education
  127. Public schools
  128. Questionnaire
  129. School
  130. School accreditation
  131. School bus
  132. School choice
  133. School district
  134. School governor
  135. School health services
  136. Schools Interoperability Framework
  137. SCORM
  138. Secondary school
  139. Senior high school
  140. Sixth Form
  141. Snow day
  142. Special education
  143. Specialist degree
  144. State schools
  145. Student voice
  146. Study guide
  147. Syllabus
  148. Teacher
  149. Teaching method
  150. Technology Integration
  151. Tertiary education
  152. The Hidden Curriculum
  153. Traditional education
  154. Undergraduate
  155. University
  156. Unschooling
  157. Videobooks
  158. Virtual Campus
  159. Virtual learning environment
  160. Virtual school
  161. Vocational education
  162. Vocational school
  163. Vocational university

 

 
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    ENGLISHGRATIS.COM è un sito personale di
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    Roberto Casiraghi           
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THE BOOK OF EDUCATION
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCORM

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

SCORM

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Shareable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM) is a collection of standards and specifications for web-based e-learning. It defines communications between client side content and a host system called the run-time environment (commonly a function of a learning management system). SCORM also defines how content may be packaged into a transferable ZIP file.

SCORM is a specification of the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) Initiative, which comes out of the Office of the Secretary of Defense.

SCORM 2004 introduces a complex idea called sequencing, which is a set of rules that specify the order in which a learner may experience content objects. The standard uses XML, and it is based on the results of work done by AICC (CBT), IMS, IEEE, and Ariadne.

Conformance

A testing initiative was started in 2003. In December 2004, the US Department of Defense mandated that all its e-learning purchases must conform to SCORM standards. By August 2005, ADL had validated 178 SCORM-conformant products.

SCORM versions

SCORM 1.0

The original version. Proof of concept only. Introduced the notion of Shareable Content Object (SCO) and the API model in which the burden of managing communication latency across the Internet is handled by the runtime environment, not by the content objects.

SCORM 1.1

The first production version. Used a Course Structure Format XML file based on the AICC specifications to describe content structure, but lacked a robust packaging manifest and support for metadata. Quickly abandoned in favor of SCORM 1.2.

SCORM 1.2

The first version with a real conformance test in the form of a test suite. Uses IMS Content Packaging specification with full content manifest and support for metadata describing the course. Also allows optional detailed metadata tagging of the content objects and assets described in the manifest. Usually works well; both the delivery system and content pass the test suite without cheating, but lacks sequencing and some other desirable features. No longer maintained or supported by ADL.

SCORM 2004

The current version. Based on new IEEE standards for API and content object-to-runtime environment communication, with many ambiguities of previous versions resolved. Includes ability to specify adaptive sequencing of activities that use the content objects. Includes ability to share and use information about success status for multiple learning objectives or competencies across content objects and across courses for the same learner within the same learning management system. A more robust test suite helps ensure good interoperability.

SCORM 2004 Editions

  • 1st Edition (January 2004) — versioning changed so each book could be independently maintained
  • 2nd Edition (July 2004) — improvements regarding Content Aggregation Model and Run-Time Environment
  • 3rd Edition (October 2006) — clarification of various conformance requirements and of the interaction between content objects and the runtime environment for sequencing; some new conformance requirements to improve interoperability.

SCORM 2004 Specification Books

  • Overview — introduces SCORM and describes how the other books relate
  • Content Aggregation Model — describes packaging of content and Learning object
  • Run-Time Environment — describes runtime API and data model used for communication between content objects and learning management systems
  • Sequencing and Navigation — describes how sequencing between learning activities is defined and interpreted
  • Conformance Requirements — detailed list of the conformance requirements that are verified by the ADL SCORM conformance test suite.

SCORM Timeline

  • January 1999 — Executive Order 13111 signed tasking the DoD to develop common specifications and standards for e-learning across both federal and private sectors
  • January 2000 — SCORM Version 1.0
  • January 2001 — SCORM Version 1.1
  • October 2001 — SCORM Version 1.2
  • January 2004 — SCORM 2004 (1st Edition)
  • July 2004 — SCORM 2004 (2nd Edition)
  • June 2006 — Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 1322.26 Requiring DoD Use of SCORM
  • October 2006 — SCORM 2004 (3rd Edition)

See also

  • Advanced Distributed Learning
  • Authoring tool
  • Computer aided instruction
  • Educational technology
  • Learning management system
  • SLOOP Project

External links

Resources

  • Official ADL SCORM overview
  • A little more detail with good visual aids
  • Directory of SCORM software products, services, and resources
  • Concise articles like "SCORM For Dummies" and "SCORM For Developers", graphical reference poster and tools to help with conformance
  • SCORM Information and Resources: Overview, Terminology, Conformance, Tutorials on content creation, and Downloads
  • SCORM Project Cost Estimation Model
  • ADL Community: Community site for advanced distributed learning technologies, including SCORM
  • Online SCORM Player demonstrator

ADL Co-Lab Network

  • Joint Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory (Orlando, Florida) : Supports the integration of training and technology for the DoD
  • Workforce Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory (Memphis, Tennessee): Facilitation of SCORM Implimentation In Industry
  • Academic Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory (Madison, Wisconsin): Supports the evaluation and testing of ADL tools to enhance Academia
  • United Kingdom Advanced Distributed Learning Partnership Laboratory (Telford, England): This UK Partnership Lab promotes the development and acceptance of global e-learning standards
  • Canada Advanced Distributed Learning Partnership Laboratory (Ottawa, Canada): Support ADL implementation with the Canadian DND
  • Advanced Distributed Learning Technology Center (Johnstown, Pennsylvania): Collaborates with all the ADL Co-Labs to develop and validate ADL concepts, technologies and utilities (see CTC)
  • Alexandria ADL Co-Lab (Alexandria, Virginia): The Alexandria ADL Co-Lab acts as the central hub for coordinating and integrating the operations of the ADL co-labs
  • Advanced Distributed Learning Job Performance Lab (Alexandria, Virginia): Their mission is to act as a catalyst for the advancement of research, development and implementation of dynamic capability-based job performance technology solutions across the Department of Defense
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCORM"