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LA GRAMMATICA DI ENGLISH GRATIS IN VERSIONE MOBILE • TEL. 375-5186291 •   INFORMATIVA PRIVACY

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                                                                                         ESERCIZI :   Serie 1 - 2 - 3  - 4 - 5  SERVIZI:   Pronunciatore di inglese - Dizionario - Convertitore IPA/UK - IPA/US - Convertitore di valute in lire ed euro                                              

 

 

WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Academic degree
  2. Academics
  3. Academy
  4. Accreditation mill
  5. Adult education
  6. Advanced Distributed Learning
  7. Alternative education
  8. Alternative school
  9. Apprenticeship
  10. Assessment
  11. Associate's degree
  12. Autodidacticism
  13. Bachelor's degree
  14. Boarding schools
  15. Bologna process
  16. British undergraduate degree classification
  17. Bullying
  18. Charter schools
  19. City academy
  20. Classical education
  21. Classroom
  22. Collaborative learning
  23. Community college
  24. Comparative education
  25. Compulsory education
  26. Computer-assisted language learning
  27. Computer based training
  28. Core curriculum
  29. Course evaluation
  30. Curriculum
  31. Degrees of the University of Oxford
  32. Department for Education and Skills
  33. Description of a Career
  34. Diploma mill
  35. Distance education
  36. Doctorate
  37. Dottorato di ricerca
  38. Double degree
  39. Dual education system
  40. Edublog
  41. Education
  42. Educational philosophies
  43. Educational psychology
  44. Educational technology
  45. Education in England
  46. Education in Finland
  47. Education in France
  48. Education in Germany
  49. Education in Italy
  50. Education in Scotland
  51. Education in the People%27s Republic of China
  52. Education in the Republic of Ireland
  53. Education in the United States
  54. Education in Wales
  55. Education reform
  56. E-learning
  57. E-learning glossary
  58. ELML
  59. Engineer's degree
  60. Essay
  61. Evaluation
  62. Examination
  63. External degree
  64. Extracurricular activity
  65. Feeder school
  66. First School
  67. Free school
  68. GCSE
  69. Gifted education
  70. Glossary of education-related terms
  71. Grade
  72. Graduate student
  73. Gymnasium
  74. Habilitation
  75. Hidden curriculum
  76. History of education
  77. History of virtual learning environments
  78. Homeschooling
  79. Homework
  80. Honorary degree
  81. Independent school
  82. Instructional design
  83. Instructional technology
  84. Instructional theory
  85. International Baccalaureate
  86. K-12
  87. Key Stage 3
  88. Laurea
  89. Learning
  90. Learning by teaching
  91. Learning content management system
  92. Learning management system
  93. Learning object metadata
  94. Learning Objects
  95. Learning theory
  96. Lesson
  97. Lesson plan
  98. Liberal arts
  99. Liberal arts college
  100. Liceo scientifico
  101. List of education topics
  102. List of recognized accreditation associations of higher learning
  103. List of unaccredited institutions of higher learning
  104. Magnet school
  105. Maria Montessori
  106. Masters degree
  107. Medical education
  108. Mickey Mouse degrees
  109. Microlearning
  110. M-learning
  111. Montessori method
  112. National Curriculum
  113. Networked learning
  114. One-room school
  115. Online deliberation
  116. Online MBA Programs
  117. Online tutoring
  118. Open classroom
  119. OpenCourseWare
  120. Over-education
  121. Preschool
  122. Primary education
  123. Private school
  124. Problem-based learning
  125. Professor
  126. Public education
  127. Public schools
  128. Questionnaire
  129. School
  130. School accreditation
  131. School bus
  132. School choice
  133. School district
  134. School governor
  135. School health services
  136. Schools Interoperability Framework
  137. SCORM
  138. Secondary school
  139. Senior high school
  140. Sixth Form
  141. Snow day
  142. Special education
  143. Specialist degree
  144. State schools
  145. Student voice
  146. Study guide
  147. Syllabus
  148. Teacher
  149. Teaching method
  150. Technology Integration
  151. Tertiary education
  152. The Hidden Curriculum
  153. Traditional education
  154. Undergraduate
  155. University
  156. Unschooling
  157. Videobooks
  158. Virtual Campus
  159. Virtual learning environment
  160. Virtual school
  161. Vocational education
  162. Vocational school
  163. Vocational university

 

 
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L'utente può utilizzare il nostro sito solo se comprende e accetta quanto segue:

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    ENGLISHGRATIS.COM è un sito personale di
    Roberto Casiraghi e Crystal Jones
    Tel. e SMS: 375-5186291 - Email:

    Roberto Casiraghi           
    INFORMATIVA SULLA PRIVACY              Crystal Jones


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THE BOOK OF EDUCATION
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_tutoring

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Online tutoring

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Online tutoring refers to the process by which knowledge is imparted from a tutor or knowledge provider or expert to a student or knowledge recipient over the Internet. Online tutoring has been around almost as long as the Internet and takes the following form:

Tutoring via email and knowledge content

In this mode, the tutor or knowledge provider creates knowledge content in a very structured and methodical manner. The student accesses this knowledge at their own time and pace. Interaction between the tutor and the student may be via email. In addition, tests and quizzes may taken and submitted by the student and returned to the graded with feedback by the tutor.

Real-time tutoring over Internet

With increased bandwidth students and tutors can now engage online at the same time as in a physical classroom. With additional technology tools the tutor can present material on their computer to the student and students and tutors may work on the material on a "whiteboard" at the same time. The whiteboard is the equivalent of a physical classroom blackboard and allows the tutor to write and generate illustrations in real-time. Real-time tutoring typically contains both audio and video devices. A variation of the real-time tutoring is the use of online chat and instant messaging by the tutor to interact in real-time with students. Though online tutoring without audio or video is substantially different than online tutoring with real time audio and video, it can be effective particularly if students have older computers, computers connected to the Internet via dialup modems, or if they use shared computers as in a library or other shared space.

A good online tutoring strategy may incorporate both forms of online knowledge delivery for effective and lower cost knowledge delivery.

Online Tutoring Procedures

From the above description, it might appear that online tutoring may be a direct mirror of age-old physical tutoring procedures. However, there are subtle differences in both the approach and the delivery of online tutoring:

  • Unlike face-to-face or physical tutoring where traditional tutors are used to writing on a blackboard, online tutoring requires additional preparation of course material so that it is delivered to the student in faster time typing into the whiteboard. This is because it is still more challenging to use the mouse to write compared to using chalk on a blackboard. A good modus operandi is to prepare the course materials as slides and then use the white board to illustrate and emphasize aspects of the material as the lesson proceeds. This also means that online tutoring might waste less time.
  • Since tutoring is usually on one computer - the tutor's computer – the tutor has greater responsibility to regulate access to the whiteboard and even access to speak to the class. In fact, it is a good idea to keep online tutoring classes very small when a lot of interaction is required.
  • Attendees are in remote locations and tutors direct access to demand attention. As a result, online tutoring might be more difficult for tutoring younger children or those with little attention span unless there is additional adult presence, such as the parents, with the student.

Online Tutoring Requirements

The requirements for online tutoring may include:

  • Broadband Internet access. Real-time online tutoring using both voice and screen-sharing applications requires a significant amount of bandwidth. A minimum connection speed of 128kbps or higher is recommended - dial-up access may slow down (latency) the process and frustrate both the tutor and student.
  • Audio microphone or headset containing both microphone and speaker
  • A shared screen on which student and the tutor can write is important for effective teaching. This can be done through use of collabrative software popularly called a "white board "
  • For writing, drawing and highlighting text, a digital pen mouse will be very useful especially while learning Math or languages other than English. Student can write freely instead of using the mouse.
  • A web cam or digital video camera may be required if physical demonstration or visual feedback is required.
  • If voice and particularly video are not required, many of the technical requirements listed above can be significantly reduced or eliminated.

Online Tutoring Services

An online tutoring service should consist of the following components:

  • Real video and audio. Real video is essential so that visual feedback essential to learning is present and audio for ease of use without additional phone bills and inconvenience of dealing with two separate devices. Online audio is typically based on VOIP which is a mature technology and is being used for real phone sevices (Skype, Vonage). There are four tiers of online tutoring services - those with real audio and video incorporated in their technology, those using public domain set up such as MSN Messenger with less central coordination, those who implement online tutoring as a keyboard chat room with no audio or video, and those without any online tutoring component.
  • Tutors are validated or are employees. When tutors are not validated and simply pay the service to operate as tutors, there is no central check to ensure the quality and authenticity of tutoring or ascertain security for the children students.
  • Affordable. Many online tutoring services are prohibitively expensive.
  • Should include all components of learning - instructional, demonstrative, collaborative, and individual research. Instructional and demonstrative is by tutors. Collaborative through online discussion or chat group with peers. Individual research includes teaching materials, quizzes, etc. that is available to students separate from the online instructional component.
  • Should emphasize some level of online security for students and tutors.
  • Colleges or Universities that want to increase retention and graduation rates for their students and particularly for their online students may wish to provide online tutoring. Colleges and Universities typically already have tutors on staff for in person tutoring. Institutions of higher learning may create their own systems to provide online tutoring or purchase ready made systems for use with their own tutors.

References

Some popular online tutoring services (in alphabetic order) include:


BabbageNetSchool (http://www.babbagenetschool.com) - Online tutoring system uses BlackboardTM. Very difficult to use and you will need a separate phone. Seems more focused on government and school district funding. Very structured course content and follows curriculums by aligning with schools. Tutors are employees whose rates are set.

ClubZ Tutoring (http://www.clubztutoring.com) - Features prominent television commercials. Online tutoring is via a chat room. Very popular with the No Child Left Behind program.

E-Sylvan (http://www.educate.com) - Very well organized. Tutors are employees and parents and students do have some security. Rates are determined centrally. Courses are administratively determined and so students are limited to the offering. Services tend to be quite expensive.

Growing Stars (http://www.growingstars.com) - Very sophisticated online tutoring system. However, course and subjects are extremely limited and offerings are slightly expensive. Tutors are employees. Only elementary school tutoring is covered.

Learners paradise (http://www.learnersparadise.com) - Focuses mostly on professionals. Not a curriculum-based or structured learning environment.

My Elite Tutor (http://www.myelitetutor.com) - Focuses on high school and college science subjects. Claims to have very high quality tutoring staff but is slightly more expensive. Not as much online tutoring infrastructure as some of the more high-tech learning sites.

Smarthinking (http://www.smarthinking.com) - Used by several community colleges. Tutors are employees and rates are centrally determined. Courses are administratively determined and students are limited to the offering.

Tutor.com (http://www.tutor.com - Very prominent and popular. No real-time online tutoring facilities currently. Includes homework help services.

TutorCentral (http://www.tutorcentral.net) - Face-to-face or online tutoring in any subject. Real-time online tutoring system (audio and webcam). Tutors are validated and set their own rates. Homework service, tests and quizzes, online chat and discussion boards are also available for collaborative learning.

TutorNation (http://www.tutornation.com) - Tutors pay registration fees. No validation or verification of tutors. This might discourage parents of younger children. Billing and payment is between parents and tutors. No online tutoring infrastructure. No discussion group. No online study content. Probably makes a good open tutor directory.

TutorsTeach (http://www.tutorsteach.com) - Same as TutorNation except slightly lower registration fees. No guarantee of any kind to tutors for paying this registration fees.

See also

  • videobooks
  • online training
  • computer based training
  • e-learning
  • distance learning
  • Web-based training
  • Online training
  • Online learning community
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Online_tutoring"