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WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
•••••••••

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables



ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Academic degree
  2. Academics
  3. Academy
  4. Accreditation mill
  5. Adult education
  6. Advanced Distributed Learning
  7. Alternative education
  8. Alternative school
  9. Apprenticeship
  10. Assessment
  11. Associate's degree
  12. Autodidacticism
  13. Bachelor's degree
  14. Boarding schools
  15. Bologna process
  16. British undergraduate degree classification
  17. Bullying
  18. Charter schools
  19. City academy
  20. Classical education
  21. Classroom
  22. Collaborative learning
  23. Community college
  24. Comparative education
  25. Compulsory education
  26. Computer-assisted language learning
  27. Computer based training
  28. Core curriculum
  29. Course evaluation
  30. Curriculum
  31. Degrees of the University of Oxford
  32. Department for Education and Skills
  33. Description of a Career
  34. Diploma mill
  35. Distance education
  36. Doctorate
  37. Dottorato di ricerca
  38. Double degree
  39. Dual education system
  40. Edublog
  41. Education
  42. Educational philosophies
  43. Educational psychology
  44. Educational technology
  45. Education in England
  46. Education in Finland
  47. Education in France
  48. Education in Germany
  49. Education in Italy
  50. Education in Scotland
  51. Education in the People%27s Republic of China
  52. Education in the Republic of Ireland
  53. Education in the United States
  54. Education in Wales
  55. Education reform
  56. E-learning
  57. E-learning glossary
  58. ELML
  59. Engineer's degree
  60. Essay
  61. Evaluation
  62. Examination
  63. External degree
  64. Extracurricular activity
  65. Feeder school
  66. First School
  67. Free school
  68. GCSE
  69. Gifted education
  70. Glossary of education-related terms
  71. Grade
  72. Graduate student
  73. Gymnasium
  74. Habilitation
  75. Hidden curriculum
  76. History of education
  77. History of virtual learning environments
  78. Homeschooling
  79. Homework
  80. Honorary degree
  81. Independent school
  82. Instructional design
  83. Instructional technology
  84. Instructional theory
  85. International Baccalaureate
  86. K-12
  87. Key Stage 3
  88. Laurea
  89. Learning
  90. Learning by teaching
  91. Learning content management system
  92. Learning management system
  93. Learning object metadata
  94. Learning Objects
  95. Learning theory
  96. Lesson
  97. Lesson plan
  98. Liberal arts
  99. Liberal arts college
  100. Liceo scientifico
  101. List of education topics
  102. List of recognized accreditation associations of higher learning
  103. List of unaccredited institutions of higher learning
  104. Magnet school
  105. Maria Montessori
  106. Masters degree
  107. Medical education
  108. Mickey Mouse degrees
  109. Microlearning
  110. M-learning
  111. Montessori method
  112. National Curriculum
  113. Networked learning
  114. One-room school
  115. Online deliberation
  116. Online MBA Programs
  117. Online tutoring
  118. Open classroom
  119. OpenCourseWare
  120. Over-education
  121. Preschool
  122. Primary education
  123. Private school
  124. Problem-based learning
  125. Professor
  126. Public education
  127. Public schools
  128. Questionnaire
  129. School
  130. School accreditation
  131. School bus
  132. School choice
  133. School district
  134. School governor
  135. School health services
  136. Schools Interoperability Framework
  137. SCORM
  138. Secondary school
  139. Senior high school
  140. Sixth Form
  141. Snow day
  142. Special education
  143. Specialist degree
  144. State schools
  145. Student voice
  146. Study guide
  147. Syllabus
  148. Teacher
  149. Teaching method
  150. Technology Integration
  151. Tertiary education
  152. The Hidden Curriculum
  153. Traditional education
  154. Undergraduate
  155. University
  156. Unschooling
  157. Videobooks
  158. Virtual Campus
  159. Virtual learning environment
  160. Virtual school
  161. Vocational education
  162. Vocational school
  163. Vocational university
 



THE BOOK OF EDUCATION
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_Objects

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Learning object

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Learning Objects)

A learning object has been defined as the following:

  • "Any entity, digital or non-digital, that may be used for learning, education or training" [1]
  • "Any digital resource that can be reused to support learning" [2]
  • "Web-based interactive chunks of e-learning designed to explain a stand-alone learning objective" [3]

Learning object portability

Before any institution invests a great deal of time and energy into building high-quality e-learning content (which can cost over $10,000 per classroom hour)[citation needed], it needs to consider how this content can be easily loaded into a Learning Management System. If all of the properties of a course can be precisely defined in a common format, the content can be serialized into a standard format such as XML and loaded into other systems. When you consider that some e-learning courses need to include video, mathematical equations using MathML, chemistry equations using CML and other complex structures the issues become very complex, especially if the systems needs to understand and validate each structure and then place it correctly in a database.

Typical components of a learning object

The following is a list of some of the types of information that may be included in a learning object:

  • General Course Descriptive Data
    • Course identifiers
    • Language of content (English, Spanish)
    • Subject area (Maths, Reading, etc.)
    • Descriptive text
    • Descriptive keywords
  • Life Cycle
    • Version
    • Status
  • Instructional Content
    • Text
    • HTML web pages
    • Images
    • Sound
    • Video
  • Glossary of Terms
    • Terms
    • Definition
    • Acronyms
  • Quizzes and Assessments
    • Questions
    • Answers
  • Rights
    • Cost
    • Copyrights
    • Restrictions on Use
  • Relationships to Other Courses
    • Prerequisite courses
  • Educational Level
    • Grade Level
    • Age Range
    • Typical Learning Time
    • Difficulty

Learning object projects

GEODE

[1] GEODE or "Global Education Online Depository and Exchange," is a repository of Global Studies learning objects maintained by the Institute of World Affairs at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. The edited collection may be searched by country, region, file format, language, or keyword.

MERLOT

[2] MERLOT , short for the "Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching," is a free and open resource designed primarily for faculty and students of higher education. The Merlot online community includes links to online learning materials along with annotations such as peer reviews and assignments.

To learn more about the MERLOT project, visit http://taste.merlot.org/. For the latest news from MERLOT, visit http://taste.merlot.org/grapevine.html. Finally, to browse the subsets of the whole MERLOT collection that are focused on specific disciplines, visit http://www.merlot.org/merlot/communities.htm

Canada Learning Object Project eduSource

[3] eduSource is a Canada-wide project to create the infrastructure for a network of interoperable learning object repositories. A repository differs from standard web materials by providing teachers, students and parents with information that is structured and organized to facilitate the finding and use of learning materials regardless of their source location. The eduSource project is based on national and international standards; it is bilingual (French/English) and it is accessible to all Canadians and internationally, including those with disabilities.

The eduSource suite of tools is available on the LICEF website at UQAM [4].

CLOE

[5] "The Co-operative Learning Object Exchange (CLOE) is a collaborative project of eight Ontario universities to develop an innovative infrastructure for joint development of multimedia-rich learning resources." Source - CLOE Stories

PAUX

[6] Individualized publication of dynamic content, which constists of reusable semantic content objects. They are able to represent knowledge in its full complexity, and they make knowledge available as filterable content for Websites, semantic Wiki, detailed-evaluated eLearning and individualized print media. (German Language Site)

Burrokeet

[7] Burrokeet is an Open Source Software tool that assists in the creation of Learning Objects from existing content. It is able to take, as input, a wide range of document formats and export them as consistently styled content within Learning Objects. This frees the content developer to focus on the quality of their content without having to overly concern themselves with presentation. Similarly editors of Learning Objects need not concern themselves with ensuring authors use the same development tool, they are free to use whatever tool they are most familiar with. As a result Burrokeet enhances the reusability of content within Learning Objects.

This project has been idle at SourceForge since April 2005.

VLORN

[8] The VET Learning Object Repository Network (VLORN) is a network of organisations in the Australian vocational education and training (VET) that contribute via agreed standards to enable the discovery and use of learning objects. VLORN was established in 2004 through Australian Flexible Learning Framework funding. See http://www.flexiblelearning.net.au/ for more information on the Framework.

LON-CAPA

LON-CAPA is a distributed network with participants from currently over 40 colleges and universities, as well as 40 K-12 schools (mostly in the US), who share a common pool of approximately 250,000 reusable learning objects. [9] [10]

tele-TASK

[11] The Tele-Teaching Anywhere Solution Kit archive(tele-TASK) is a free online archive that contains hundreds of multimedia recorded university lectures, presentations and conferences on different computer-science topics. The tele-TASK archive is maintained by the Hasso-Plattner-Institute (HPI) at the university of Potsdam, Germany.

LearnAlberta.ca

LearnAlberta.ca is a learning object repository that serves the Kindergarten to Grade 12 education community in the province of Alberta, Canada. The repository offers access to both licensed and unlicensed resources. Guest access to unlicensed resources is available.

The Le@rning Federation

The Le@rning Federation (TLF)is an Australian and New Zealand initiative funded by the Australian, state and territory and New Zealand governments. TLF produces learning objects for years K-10 that are free to all schools in Australia and New Zealand. TLF also manages the adoption, creation and implementation of technical standards, specifications and infrastructure. For more information please see http://www.thelearningfederation.edu.au

SLOOP Project

[12] SLOOP Project is co-funded by the European Community in the Leonardo da Vinci Programme. SLOOP is the acronym of Sharing Learning Objects in an Open Perspective. The SLOOP Project is producing a repository of free/open Learning Objects in several languages.

Learning object metadata and searching

One of the key issues in using learning objects is their identification by search engines. This is usually facilitated by assigning descriptive metadata to the learning object. Just as a book in a library has a record in the card catalog and is described by metadata that complies with a standard such as MARC, Dublin Core or the IEEE's Learning Object Metadata Standard (IEEE LOM), learning objects must also be tagged with metadata.

References

  1. ^ "Draft Standard for Learning Object Metadata", IEEE, URL last accessed on 2006-06-27.
  2. ^ "D. A. Wiley, ed., The Instructional Use of Learning Objects: Online Version", reusability.org, URL last accessed on 2006-06-27.
  3. ^ "FAQs", CETL Reusable Learning Objects, URL last accessed on 2006-06-27.

See also

  • Learning object metadata

External links

  • Learning Objects
  • Interdisciplinary Journal of Knowledge and Learning Objects
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_object"
 

 



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