Tantissimi classici della letteratura e della cultura politica,
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Abbe Prevost - MANON LESCAUT
Alcott, Louisa M. - AN OLDFASHIONED GIRL
Alcott, Louisa M. - LITTLE MEN
Alcott, Louisa M. - LITTLE WOMEN
Alcott, Louisa May - JACK AND JILL
Alcott, Louisa May - LIFE LETTERS AND JOURNALS
Andersen, Hans Christian - FAIRY TALES
Anonimo - BEOWULF
Ariosto, Ludovico - ORLANDO ENRAGED
Aurelius, Marcus - MEDITATIONS
Austen, Jane - EMMA
Austen, Jane - MANSFIELD PARK
Austen, Jane - NORTHANGER ABBEY
Austen, Jane - PERSUASION
Austen, Jane - PRIDE AND PREJUDICE
Austen, Jane - SENSE AND SENSIBILITY
Authors, Various - LETTERS OF ABELARD AND HELOISE
Authors, Various - SELECTED ENGLISH LETTERS
Autori Vari - THE WORLD ENGLISH BIBLE
Bacon, Francis - THE ADVANCEMENT OF LEARNING
Balzac, Honore de - EUGENIE GRANDET
Balzac, Honore de - FATHER GORIOT
Baroness Orczy - THE SCARLET PIMPERNEL
Barrie, J. M. - PETER AND WENDY
Barrie, James M. - PETER PAN
Bierce, Ambrose - THE DEVIL'S DICTIONARY
Blake, William - SONGS OF INNOCENCE AND EXPERIENCE
Boccaccio, Giovanni - DECAMERONE
Brent, Linda - INCIDENTS IN THE LIFE OF A SLAVE GIRL
Bronte, Charlotte - JANE EYRE
Bronte, Charlotte - VILLETTE
Buchan, John - GREENMANTLE
Buchan, John - MR STANDFAST
Buchan, John - THE 39 STEPS
Bunyan, John - THE PILGRIM'S PROGRESS
Burckhardt, Jacob - THE CIVILIZATION OF THE RENAISSANCE IN ITALY
Burnett, Frances H. - A LITTLE PRINCESS
Burnett, Frances H. - LITTLE LORD FAUNTLEROY
Burnett, Frances H. - THE SECRET GARDEN
Butler, Samuel - EREWHON
Carlyle, Thomas - PAST AND PRESENT
Carlyle, Thomas - THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
Cellini, Benvenuto - AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Cervantes - DON QUIXOTE
Chaucer, Geoffrey - THE CANTERBURY TALES
Chesterton, G. K. - A SHORT HISTORY OF ENGLAND
Chesterton, G. K. - THE BALLAD OF THE WHITE HORSE
Chesterton, G. K. - THE INNOCENCE OF FATHER BROWN
Chesterton, G. K. - THE MAN WHO KNEW TOO MUCH
Chesterton, G. K. - THE MAN WHO WAS THURSDAY
Chesterton, G. K. - THE WISDOM OF FATHER BROWN
Chesterton, G. K. - TWELVE TYPES
Chesterton, G. K. - WHAT I SAW IN AMERICA
Chesterton, Gilbert K. - HERETICS
Chopin, Kate - AT FAULT
Chopin, Kate - BAYOU FOLK
Chopin, Kate - THE AWAKENING AND SELECTED SHORT STORIES
Clark Hall, John R. - A CONCISE ANGLOSAXON DICTIONARY
Clarkson, Thomas - AN ESSAY ON THE SLAVERY AND COMMERCE OF THE HUMAN SPECIES
Clausewitz, Carl von - ON WAR
Coleridge, Herbert - A DICTIONARY OF THE FIRST OR OLDEST WORDS IN THE ENGLISH
Coleridge, S. T. - COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS
Coleridge, S. T. - HINTS TOWARDS THE FORMATION OF A MORE COMPREHENSIVE THEORY
Coleridge, S. T. - THE RIME OF THE ANCIENT MARINER
Collins, Wilkie - THE MOONSTONE
Collodi - PINOCCHIO
Conan Doyle, Arthur - A STUDY IN SCARLET
Conan Doyle, Arthur - MEMOIRS OF SHERLOCK HOLMES
Conan Doyle, Arthur - THE HOUND OF THE BASKERVILLES
Conan Doyle, Arthur - THE RETURN OF SHERLOCK HOLMES
Conan Doyle, Arthur - THE SIGN OF THE FOUR
Conrad, Joseph - HEART OF DARKNESS
Conrad, Joseph - LORD JIM
Conrad, Joseph - NOSTROMO
Conrad, Joseph - THE NIGGER OF THE NARCISSUS
Conrad, Joseph - TYPHOON
Crane, Stephen - LAST WORDS
Crane, Stephen - MAGGIE
Crane, Stephen - THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE
Crane, Stephen - WOUNDS IN THE RAIN
Dante - THE DIVINE COMEDY: HELL
Dante - THE DIVINE COMEDY: PARADISE
Dante - THE DIVINE COMEDY: PURGATORY
Darwin, Charles - THE AUTOBIOGRAPHY OF CHARLES DARWIN
Darwin, Charles - THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES
Defoe, Daniel - A GENERAL HISTORY OF THE PYRATES
Defoe, Daniel - A JOURNAL OF THE PLAGUE YEAR
Defoe, Daniel - CAPTAIN SINGLETON
Defoe, Daniel - MOLL FLANDERS
Defoe, Daniel - ROBINSON CRUSOE
Defoe, Daniel - THE COMPLETE ENGLISH TRADESMAN
Defoe, Daniel - THE FURTHER ADVENTURES OF ROBINSON CRUSOE
Deledda, Grazia - AFTER THE DIVORCE
Dickens, Charles - A CHRISTMAS CAROL
Dickens, Charles - A TALE OF TWO CITIES
Dickens, Charles - BLEAK HOUSE
Dickens, Charles - DAVID COPPERFIELD
Dickens, Charles - DONBEY AND SON
Dickens, Charles - GREAT EXPECTATIONS
Dickens, Charles - HARD TIMES
Dickens, Charles - LETTERS VOLUME 1
Dickens, Charles - LITTLE DORRIT
Dickens, Charles - MARTIN CHUZZLEWIT
Dickens, Charles - NICHOLAS NICKLEBY
Dickens, Charles - OLIVER TWIST
Dickens, Charles - OUR MUTUAL FRIEND
Dickens, Charles - PICTURES FROM ITALY
Dickens, Charles - THE MYSTERY OF EDWIN DROOD
Dickens, Charles - THE OLD CURIOSITY SHOP
Dickens, Charles - THE PICKWICK PAPERS
Dickinson, Emily - POEMS
Dostoevsky, Fyodor - CRIME AND PUNISHMENT
Dostoyevsky, Fyodor - THE BROTHERS KARAMAZOV
Du Maurier, George - TRILBY
Dumas, Alexandre - THE COUNT OF MONTE CRISTO
Dumas, Alexandre - THE MAN IN THE IRON MASK
Dumas, Alexandre - THE THREE MUSKETEERS
Eliot, George - DANIEL DERONDA
Eliot, George - MIDDLEMARCH
Eliot, George - SILAS MARNER
Eliot, George - THE MILL ON THE FLOSS
Engels, Frederick - THE CONDITION OF THE WORKING-CLASS IN ENGLAND IN 1844
Equiano - AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Esopo - FABLES
Fenimore Cooper, James - THE LAST OF THE MOHICANS
Fielding, Henry - TOM JONES
France, Anatole - THAIS
France, Anatole - THE GODS ARE ATHIRST
France, Anatole - THE LIFE OF JOAN OF ARC
France, Anatole - THE SEVEN WIVES OF BLUEBEARD
Frank Baum, L. - THE PATCHWORK GIRL OF OZ
Frank Baum, L. - THE WONDERFUL WIZARD OF OZ
Franklin, Benjamin - AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Frazer, James George - THE GOLDEN BOUGH
Freud, Sigmund - DREAM PSYCHOLOGY
Galsworthy, John - COMPLETE PLAYS
Galsworthy, John - STRIFE
Galsworthy, John - STUDIES AND ESSAYS
Galsworthy, John - THE FIRST AND THE LAST
Galsworthy, John - THE FORSYTE SAGA
Galsworthy, John - THE LITTLE MAN
Galsworthy, John - THE SILVER BOX
Galsworthy, John - THE SKIN GAME
Gaskell, Elizabeth - CRANFORD
Gaskell, Elizabeth - MARY BARTON
Gaskell, Elizabeth - NORTH AND SOUTH
Gaskell, Elizabeth - THE LIFE OF CHARLOTTE BRONTE
Gay, John - THE BEGGAR'S OPERA
Gentile, Maria - THE ITALIAN COOK BOOK
Gilbert and Sullivan - PLAYS
Goethe - FAUST
Gogol - DEAD SOULS
Goldsmith, Oliver - SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER
Goldsmith, Oliver - THE VICAR OF WAKEFIELD
Grahame, Kenneth - THE WIND IN THE WILLOWS
Grimm, Brothers - FAIRY TALES
Harding, A. R. - GINSENG AND OTHER MEDICINAL PLANTS
Hardy, Thomas - A CHANGED MAN AND OTHER TALES
Hardy, Thomas - FAR FROM THE MADDING CROWD
Hardy, Thomas - JUDE THE OBSCURE
Hardy, Thomas - TESS OF THE D'URBERVILLES
Hardy, Thomas - THE MAYOR OF CASTERBRIDGE
Hartley, Cecil B. - THE GENTLEMEN'S BOOK OF ETIQUETTE
Hawthorne, Nathaniel - LITTLE MASTERPIECES
Hawthorne, Nathaniel - THE SCARLET LETTER
Henry VIII - LOVE LETTERS TO ANNE BOLEYN
Henry, O. - CABBAGES AND KINGS
Henry, O. - SIXES AND SEVENS
Henry, O. - THE FOUR MILLION
Henry, O. - THE TRIMMED LAMP
Henry, O. - WHIRLIGIGS
Hindman Miller, Gustavus - TEN THOUSAND DREAMS INTERPRETED
Hobbes, Thomas - LEVIATHAN
Homer - THE ILIAD
Homer - THE ODYSSEY
Hornaday, William T. - THE EXTERMINATION OF THE AMERICAN BISON
Hume, David - A TREATISE OF HUMAN NATURE
Hume, David - AN ENQUIRY CONCERNING HUMAN UNDERSTANDING
Hume, David - DIALOGUES CONCERNING NATURAL RELIGION
Ibsen, Henrik - A DOLL'S HOUSE
Ibsen, Henrik - AN ENEMY OF THE PEOPLE
Ibsen, Henrik - GHOSTS
Ibsen, Henrik - HEDDA GABLER
Ibsen, Henrik - JOHN GABRIEL BORKMAN
Ibsen, Henrik - ROSMERHOLM
Ibsen, Henrik - THE LADY FROM THE SEA
Ibsen, Henrik - THE MASTER BUILDER
Ibsen, Henrik - WHEN WE DEAD AWAKEN
Irving, Washington - THE LEGEND OF SLEEPY HOLLOW
James, Henry - ITALIAN HOURS
James, Henry - THE ASPERN PAPERS
James, Henry - THE BOSTONIANS
James, Henry - THE PORTRAIT OF A LADY
James, Henry - THE TURN OF THE SCREW
James, Henry - WASHINGTON SQUARE
Jerome, Jerome K. - THREE MEN IN A BOAT
Jerome, Jerome K. - THREE MEN ON THE BUMMEL
Jevons, Stanley - POLITICAL ECONOMY
Johnson, Samuel - A GRAMMAR OF THE ENGLISH TONGUE
Jonson, Ben - THE ALCHEMIST
Jonson, Ben - VOLPONE
Joyce, James - A PORTRAIT OF THE ARTIST AS A YOUNG MAN
Joyce, James - CHAMBER MUSIC
Joyce, James - DUBLINERS
Joyce, James - ULYSSES
Keats, John - ENDYMION
Keats, John - POEMS PUBLISHED IN 1817
Keats, John - POEMS PUBLISHED IN 1820
King James - THE BIBLE
Kipling, Rudyard - CAPTAINS COURAGEOUS
Kipling, Rudyard - INDIAN TALES
Kipling, Rudyard - JUST SO STORIES
Kipling, Rudyard - KIM
Kipling, Rudyard - THE JUNGLE BOOK
Kipling, Rudyard - THE MAN WHO WOULD BE KING
Kipling, Rudyard - THE SECOND JUNGLE BOOK
Lawrence, D. H - THE RAINBOW
Lawrence, D. H - THE WHITE PEACOCK
Lawrence, D. H - TWILIGHT IN ITALY
Lawrence, D. H. - AARON'S ROD
Lawrence, D. H. - SONS AND LOVERS
Lawrence, D. H. - THE LOST GIRL
Lawrence, D. H. - WOMEN IN LOVE
Lear, Edward - BOOK OF NONSENSE
Lear, Edward - LAUGHABLE LYRICS
Lear, Edward - MORE NONSENSE
Lear, Edward - NONSENSE SONG
Leblanc, Maurice - ARSENE LUPIN VS SHERLOCK HOLMES
Leblanc, Maurice - THE ADVENTURES OF ARSENE LUPIN
Leblanc, Maurice - THE CONFESSIONS OF ARSENE LUPIN
Leblanc, Maurice - THE HOLLOW NEEDLE
Leblanc, Maurice - THE RETURN OF ARSENE LUPIN
Lehmann, Lilli - HOW TO SING
Leroux, Gaston - THE MAN WITH THE BLACK FEATHER
Leroux, Gaston - THE MYSTERY OF THE YELLOW ROOM
Leroux, Gaston - THE PHANTOM OF THE OPERA
London, Jack - MARTIN EDEN
London, Jack - THE CALL OF THE WILD
London, Jack - WHITE FANG
Machiavelli, Nicolo' - THE PRINCE
Malthus, Thomas - PRINCIPLE OF POPULATION
Mansfield, Katherine - THE GARDEN PARTY AND OTHER STORIES
Marlowe, Christopher - THE JEW OF MALTA
Marryat, Captain - THE CHILDREN OF THE NEW FOREST
Maupassant, Guy De - BEL AMI
Melville, Hermann - MOBY DICK
Melville, Hermann - TYPEE
Mill, John Stuart - PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY
Milton, John - PARADISE LOST
Mitra, S. M. - HINDU TALES FROM THE SANSKRIT
Montaigne, Michel de - ESSAYS
Montgomery, Lucy Maud - ANNE OF GREEN GABLES
More, Thomas - UTOPIA
Nesbit, E. - FIVE CHILDREN AND IT
Nesbit, E. - THE PHOENIX AND THE CARPET
Nesbit, E. - THE RAILWAY CHILDREN
Nesbit, E. - THE STORY OF THE AMULET
Newton, Isaac - OPTICKS
Nietsche, Friedrich - BEYOND GOOD AND EVIL
Nietsche, Friedrich - THUS SPAKE ZARATHUSTRA
Nightingale, Florence - NOTES ON NURSING
Owen, Wilfred - POEMS
Ozaki, Yei Theodora - JAPANESE FAIRY TALES
Pascal, Blaise - PENSEES
Pellico, Silvio - MY TEN YEARS IMPRISONMENT
Perrault, Charles - FAIRY TALES
Pirandello, Luigi - THREE PLAYS
Plato - THE REPUBLIC
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS 1
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS 2
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS 3
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS 4
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS 5
Poe, Edgar Allan - THE FALL OF THE HOUSE OF USHER
Potter, Beatrix - THE TALE OF PETER RABBIT
Proust, Marcel - SWANN'S WAY
Radcliffe, Ann - A SICILIAN ROMANCE
Ricardo, David - ON THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL ECONOMY AND TAXATION
Richardson, Samuel - PAMELA
Rider Haggard, H. - ALLAN QUATERMAIN
Rider Haggard, H. - KING SOLOMON'S MINES
Rousseau, J. J. - THE ORIGIN AND FOUNDATION OF INEQUALITY AMONG MANKIND
Ruskin, John - THE SEVEN LAMPS OF ARCHITECTURE
Schiller, Friedrich - THE DEATH OF WALLENSTEIN
Schiller, Friedrich - THE PICCOLOMINI
Schopenhauer, Arthur - THE ART OF CONTROVERSY
Schopenhauer, Arthur - THE WISDOM OF LIFE
Scott Fitzgerald, F. - FLAPPERS AND PHILOSOPHERS
Scott Fitzgerald, F. - TALES OF THE JAZZ AGE
Scott Fitzgerald, F. - THE BEAUTIFUL AND DAMNED
Scott Fitzgerald, F. - THIS SIDE OF PARADISE
Scott, Walter - IVANHOE
Scott, Walter - QUENTIN DURWARD
Scott, Walter - ROB ROY
Scott, Walter - THE BRIDE OF LAMMERMOOR
Scott, Walter - WAVERLEY
Sedgwick, Anne Douglas - THE THIRD WINDOW
Sewell, Anna - BLACK BEAUTY
Shakespeare, William - COMPLETE WORKS
Shakespeare, William - HAMLET
Shakespeare, William - OTHELLO
Shakespeare, William - ROMEO AND JULIET
Shelley, Mary - FRANKENSTEIN
Shelley, Percy Bysshe - A DEFENCE OF POETRY AND OTHER ESSAYS
Shelley, Percy Bysshe - COMPLETE POETICAL WORKS
Sheridan, Richard B. - THE SCHOOL FOR SCANDAL
Sienkiewicz, Henryk - QUO VADIS
Smith, Adam - THE WEALTH OF NATIONS
Smollett, Tobias - TRAVELS THROUGH FRANCE AND ITALY
Spencer, Herbert - ESSAYS ON EDUCATION AND KINDRED SUBJECTS
Spyri, Johanna - HEIDI
Sterne, Laurence - A SENTIMENTAL JOURNEY
Sterne, Laurence - TRISTRAM SHANDY
Stevenson, Robert Louis - A CHILD'S GARDEN OF VERSES
Stevenson, Robert Louis - ESSAYS IN THE ART OF WRITING
Stevenson, Robert Louis - KIDNAPPED
Stevenson, Robert Louis - NEW ARABIAN NIGHTS
Stevenson, Robert Louis - THE BLACK ARROW
Stevenson, Robert Louis - THE STRANGE CASE OF DR. JEKYLL AND MR. HYDE
Stevenson, Robert Louis - TREASURE ISLAND
Stoker, Bram - DRACULA
Strindberg, August - LUCKY PEHR
Strindberg, August - MASTER OLOF
Strindberg, August - THE RED ROOM
Strindberg, August - THE ROAD TO DAMASCUS
Strindberg, August - THERE ARE CRIMES AND CRIMES
Swift, Jonathan - A MODEST PROPOSAL
Swift, Jonathan - A TALE OF A TUB
Swift, Jonathan - GULLIVER'S TRAVELS
Swift, Jonathan - THE BATTLE OF THE BOOKS AND OTHER SHORT PIECES
Tagore, Rabindranath - FRUIT GATHERING
Tagore, Rabindranath - THE GARDENER
Tagore, Rabindranath - THE HUNGRY STONES AND OTHER STORIES
Thackeray, William - BARRY LYNDON
Thackeray, William - VANITY FAIR
Thackeray, William Makepeace - THE BOOK OF SNOBS
Thackeray, William Makepeace - THE ROSE AND THE RING
Thackeray, William Makepeace - THE VIRGINIANS
Thoreau, Henry David - WALDEN
Tolstoi, Leo - A LETTER TO A HINDU
Tolstoy, Lev - ANNA KARENINA
Tolstoy, Lev - WAR AND PEACE
Trollope, Anthony - AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY
Trollope, Anthony - BARCHESTER TOWERS
Trollope, Anthony - FRAMLEY PARSONAGE
Trollope, Anthony - THE EUSTACE DIAMONDS
Trollope, Anthony - THE MAN WHO KEPT HIS MONEY IN A BOX
Trollope, Anthony - THE WARDEN
Trollope, Anthony - THE WAY WE LIVE NOW
Twain, Mark - LIFE ON THE MISSISSIPPI
Twain, Mark - SPEECHES
Twain, Mark - THE ADVENTURES OF HUCKLEBERRY FINN
Twain, Mark - THE ADVENTURES OF TOM SAWYER
Twain, Mark - THE PRINCE AND THE PAUPER
Vari, Autori - THE MAGNA CARTA
Verga, Giovanni - SICILIAN STORIES
Verne, Jules - 20000 LEAGUES UNDER THE SEAS
Verne, Jules - A JOURNEY TO THE CENTRE OF THE EARTH
Verne, Jules - ALL AROUND THE MOON
Verne, Jules - AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS
Verne, Jules - FIVE WEEKS IN A BALLOON
Verne, Jules - FROM THE EARTH TO THE MOON
Verne, Jules - MICHAEL STROGOFF
Verne, Jules - THE MYSTERIOUS ISLAND
Voltaire - PHILOSOPHICAL DICTIONARY
Vyasa - MAHABHARATA
Wallace, Edgar - SANDERS OF THE RIVER
Wallace, Edgar - THE DAFFODIL MYSTERY
Wallace, Lew - BEN HUR
Webster, Jean - DADDY LONG LEGS
Wedekind, Franz - THE AWAKENING OF SPRING
Wells, H. G. - KIPPS
Wells, H. G. - THE INVISIBLE MAN
Wells, H. G. - THE ISLAND OF DOCTOR MOREAU
Wells, H. G. - THE STOLEN BACILLUS AND OTHER INCIDENTS
Wells, H. G. - THE TIME MACHINE
Wells, H. G. - THE WAR OF THE WORLDS
Wells, H. G. - WHAT IS COMING
Wharton, Edith - THE AGE OF INNOCENCE
White, Andrew Dickson - FIAT MONEY INFLATION IN FRANCE
Wilde, Oscar - A WOMAN OF NO IMPORTANCE
Wilde, Oscar - AN IDEAL HUSBAND
Wilde, Oscar - DE PROFUNDIS
Wilde, Oscar - LADY WINDERMERE'S FAN
Wilde, Oscar - SALOME
Wilde, Oscar - SELECTED POEMS
Wilde, Oscar - THE BALLAD OF READING GAOL
Wilde, Oscar - THE CANTERVILLE GHOST
Wilde, Oscar - THE HAPPY PRINCE AND OTHER TALES
Wilde, Oscar - THE IMPORTANCE OF BEING EARNEST
Wilde, Oscar - THE PICTURE OF DORIAN GREY
Wilde, Oscar - THE SOUL OF MAN
Wilson, Epiphanius - SACRED BOOKS OF THE EAST
Wollstonecraft, Mary - A VINDICATION OF THE RIGHTS OF WOMAN
Woolf, Virgina - NIGHT AND DAY
Woolf, Virgina - THE VOYAGE OUT
Woolf, Virginia - JACOB'S ROOM
Woolf, Virginia - MONDAY OR TUESDAY
Wordsworth, William - POEMS
Wordsworth, William - PROSE WORKS
Zola, Emile - THERESE RAQUIN
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ISTRUZIONI D'USO DETTAGLIATE
LUCKY PEHR - A Drama in Five Acts
By August Strindberg - Translated By Velma Swanston Howard
OLD MAN IN THE TOWER.
RATS [NILLA AND NISSE].
ONE OF THE PEOPLE.
CHAMBERLAIN OF THE CALIPH.
Townspeople, Dancers, Viziers, Courtiers,
Court Attendants, etc.
SYNOPSIS OF SCENES
ACT I.--Room in a Church Tower.
ACT II.--[a] Forest--[b] Rich Man's Banquet Hall.
ACT III.-Public Square and Town Hall.
ACT IV.--[a] Caliph's Palace--[b] Seashore.
ACT V.--Country Church [Interior].
TIME: Middle Ages.
SCENE: A Room in the Church Tower.
Window shutters at back wide open, starlit sky is seen through windows.
Background: Snow covered house-roofs; gable windows in the distance
brilliantly illuminated. In room an old chair, a fire-pan and a picture
of the Virgin, with a lighted candle before it. Room is divided by
posts--two in centre thick enough to conceal an adult.
Chant, in unison, from the church below:
A Solis ortus cardine
Et usque terrae limitem
Christum canamus principem
Natum Maria Virgini.
[Old Man comes up tower steps and enters carrying a rat-trap, a
barley-sheaf and a dish of porridge, which he sets down on the floor.]
OLD MAN. Now the elf shall have his Christmas porridge. And this year
he has earned it honestly--twice he awakened me when I fell asleep and
forgot the tower shutters; once he rang the bell when fire broke loose.
Merry Christmas, Elf! and many of them. [Takes up rat-trap and sets it.]
Here's your Christmas mess, Satan's rats!
A VOICE. Curse not Christmas!
OLD MAN. I believe there are spirits about to-night--Ugh! it's the cold
increasing; then the beams always creak, like an old ship. Here's your
Christmas supper. Now perhaps you'll quit gnawing the bell-rope and
eating up the tallow, you accursed pest!
A VOICE. Curse not Christmas!
OLD MAN. The spooks are at it again! Christmas eve--yes, yes! [Places
rat-trap on the floor.] There! Now they have their portion. And now
comes the turn of the feathered wretches. They must have grain, of
course, so they can soil the tin roof for me. Such is life! The church
wardens pay for it, so it's not my affair. But if I were to ask for an
extra shilling two in wages--that they couldn't afford. That wouldn't
be seen! But when one sticks out a grain-sheaf on a pole once a year,
it looks generous. Ah, that one is a fine fellow!--and generosity is a
virtue. Now, if we were to share and share alike, I should get back my
porridge, which I gave to the elf. [Shakes sheaf and gathers the grain
into a bowl.]
A VOICE. He robs Christmas! He robs Christmas!
OLD MAN. Now I'll put this thing on the pole so that it will look like a
symbol, and as a symbol it will also be of service--for it shows what
is not to be found within. [He puts sheaf through window and hangs it
on pole, then shakes his fist at town below.] Oh, you old human pit down
there! I spit on you! [Spits through window; comes down and sees the
burning candle before the Virgin's picture.] This must be the boy's
doings! The times are not such that one burns up candles needlessly.
[Snuffs out light and puts the candle into his pocket.]
A VOICE. Woe! Woe! [Head of Virgin shakes three times and a bright ray
of light darts out from the head.]
OLD MAN. [Shrinking.] Is hell let loose to-night?
A VOICE. Heaven!
OLD MAN. Pehr, Pehr! Where are you? My eyes! Light the candles--My son,
VIRGIN'S IMAGE. "My" SON!
OLD MAN. [Groping his way toward the stairs.] My eyes! Hell-fire! [He
rushes down the steps.]
[Two rats, Nisse and Nilla, come on right, one behind the other. They
have mourning veils swathed about their tails.]
NISSE. I say, it smells like roast pig!
NILLA. Oh, I promise you! Be careful, Nisse! I see the trap over there.
[Sits on hind legs.] 'Twas in that very trap that our little ones were
lost! O dear, dear, dear!
NISSE. If we could only hit upon some trick to play on the bad old man
it would do my bowels good! Can you see if he has left anything about
which he values?
NILLA. Suppose we gnaw the ropes so the bells will tumble down on his
NISSE. Why, Nilla! you know that I have only one poor tooth left in my
NILLA. But I have two--and where there's a will there's--but you, you
have no feeling for your children!
NISSE. Come now! we shan't quarrel on Christmas Eve.
NILLA. Hush! What have we here?
NISSE. A dish of porridge--
NILLA. Which the old man has left--
NISSE. For the elf. He's afraid of him!
NILLA. Now I know! We'll eat up the porridge so--
NISSE. The elf will get after him--
NILLA. And he can raise the mischief when he gets angry. [They are over
by the dish now, and eating.]
NISSE. Oh, move along and make room for me!
NILLA. Hush! It creaks in the stairs.
NISSE. Now I see the bottom of the dish; there's the lump of butter!
NILLA. Help me with this corner.
NISSE. Ah!--now we'll wipe our mouths and run. [They scurry off left.]
[Elf slides down bell-rope.]
ELF. [Walks about and searches.] Where's my Christmas porridge? I
scented its aroma a long way off. It will taste good to me on a cold
night, like this. I hope he has given me a big lump of butter this year,
since I have been so good to him. [Loosens belt.] There! get you ready,
my stomach. I'll let out two holes in the belt, which will make it about
right. [He sees dish.] Ah, ha! what's this? Empty dishes! What has come
over the old man-hater? Has he grown stingy and arrogant, or does he
mock me, when he sets out an empty dish! There has been porridge here
[smells]--butter, too! Well, well, old man! I'm sorry for you, but I
shall have to punish you. The elf is for the purpose of punishing and
rewarding. I must sit down and think out some "real" Christmas gift.
[Sits in chair.] Let me see! The old man shuts himself up in this place
with his son, whom he wishes to shield from the evils and shams of the
world. The old man has seen much of the world, and hates it; the young
one has never been beyond the church door and has seen the world only
from the tower. But I know that it tempts him, just because he has seen
it like this--from a bird's-eye view. The old man has but one wish in
life--that his son shall succeed him and thus be spared the struggles of
life and the cruelty of men. It is this wish which I shall cross; it is
his only vulnerable point. Well and good! I'll call his godmother. She
shall take the boy in hand and show him all the glories of the world;
afterwards, there will be nothing more for the old man to do in the
matter. The dreams of youth--I know their powers. Well, then! [Blows a
[Fairy dressed like an old witch, with brown cloak and cane, emerges
from behind a post.]
FAIRY. Good evening, lad.
ELF. Good evening, old lady. Can you corrupt a young man?--Oh!
understand me aright.
FAIRY. That depends--
ELF. It won't go in that costume! You see, it's a question of the old
FAIRY. Our Pehr?
ELF. Just he! Hush, old lady, I'm talking now! The boy is very dear to
my heart--that he has been ever since his birth. We--you and I--stood
sponsor for him, and we each have our duties. His education is being
neglected; he has seen nothing of the world, although he is fifteen
to-day. I want him to go out and look around so he will be a credit to
us. Have you anything against it?
FAIRY. Nothing. But I fear that he will meet with difficulties out there
which we cannot adjust, since our power does not extend beyond these
ELF. True; and I must search my brain for another idea. Ah--I have it!
We'll each give him his godgift, which can serve him in all conditions
FAIRY. And what shall you give? Let us hear!
ELF. Life is rather ticklish, as you know, and the boy is young! He has
not as yet, through proper training, had time to learn all the arts by
which one gains one's wishes. Now, I ask nothing more of life, for I
know what it gives; therefore he shall have my wish-ring. And you?
FAIRY. I daresay that gift is a good one, but when once he has got
all that he wished for, he will have made his journey like the blind;
therefore I shall give him a gift which will show him matter's face
value--I shall give him good company on the way.
ELF. You're a wise one! No--now you shall take charge of the lad and see
that he gets away.
FAIRY. But how? He fears and obeys his father.
ELF. Fiddlesticks! Do your hokus-pokus and show him all the glories down
there, in the Christmas-bedecked homes. Then it will go fast enough!
FAIRY. Do you think so?
ELF. I know the young. Here's my ring--and now to business!
FAIRY. Is it right to play with human destiny?
ELF. We only play with human beings, their destinies we do not control.
Soon or late, the boy will go out into the world, and he is better
equipped than many who have faced life before him. When his journey is
over, we can discuss the subject more at length. Are you ready?
FAIRY. [Going toward post.] Immediately. [Fairy disappears.]
ELF. Then I'll whistle. [Disappears behind the other post.]
[Pehr comes down steps leading from top of tower.]
PEHR. Who's there?
FAIRY. [Appears suddenly, dressed in white.] Your godmother, Pehr. Don't
you know me?
PEHR. Ah! you are the one who caught me in your arms that time, when I
fell from the tower. What do you want of me to-day?
FAIRY. I want to give you a Christmas gift.
PEHR. A gift? What is that?
FAIRY. Something that gives one pleasure.
FAIRY. Fulfillment of one's wishes.
PEHR. Wishes! Now I begin to understand.
FAIRY. When standing out there on the balcony, have you never felt as if
something were drawing you--sort of enticing you down?
PEHR. Yes, that I have felt. You see the black streak over there, where
light and darkness meet? In the daytime it looks different; and when the
wind blows, it moves.
FAIRY. The forest.
PEHR. What is it like in the forest?
FAIRY. It is cool and delightful.
PEHR. That's well! Thither I am drawn, sometimes, so powerfully that I
want to rush through the tower window and soar, like the birds in the
FAIRY. Beyond the borders of the forest?
PEHR. Is there something beyond?
FAIRY. There lies the world.
PEHR. The world! What is that?
FAIRY. Would you like to see it?
PEHR. Is it pleasant?
FAIRY. Some say it is; the majority say it is not. Come over here and
I will show you some pictures from that checkered panorama which people
call life. [Transparency curtain.]
Do you see the great house on the square, where all the windows are
lighted? The rich man lives there. Now look into the rooms. On the table
there is a lighted Christmas-tree laden with all kinds of gifts: the
golden fruits of the tropics from across the seas; earth's hidden
treasures, to which people bend the knee and which in their dazzling
settings reflect the lights. But, do you see the light in the faces
of the little children? That is the earth-life's sun--that is
"happiness"--which is something you do not know, poor child! But you
shall know it. You want to, do you not?
PEHR. Who is the good fairy that walks about and gives the children the
FAIRY. That is the mother.
PEHR. Mother?--I don't understand.
FAIRY. You, too, had a mother, but she died when you were very young.
PEHR. And the old man in the corner, with the mild look in his eyes?
FAIRY. He is the father, who in memory is living over his childhood.
PEHR. The father! But he looks so pleasant.
FAIRY. Yes, for he loves some one besides himself.
PEHR. And the youth who puts his arm around the young girl's
waist--[Eagerly.] Now he presses his face against hers--their lips
meet--what does that mean? Does one speak like that in life?
FAIRY. That is love's way of speaking.
PEHR. Love! Then it must be glorious to see it all!
FAIRY. Wait! Now look up there, in the gable window--a single candle
burns, a poor, wretched light. [Tableau.]
PEHR. Poverty! That I know. Show me something pretty!
FAIRY. [Regarding him.] You are pleasure loving. Very well!--Look again
up there, around the same Christmas light--it shines dimly but warmly on
the contented table of poverty.
PEHR. No! I want to see something beautiful.
FAIRY. Really! Is there anything more beautiful than--but, wait! you
shall see--Now look over yonder--toward the castle, where the King
FAIRY. Do you see the beautiful robes, the glittering jewels? Do you
see how the walls reflect the brilliant lights and how in the middle of
winter real roses and blue lilies are in bloom?
FAIRY. And the young girls, with the flowing locks, who serve wine in
PEHR. "There" I want to be!
FAIRY. And now stewards, in white, carry on the dishes.
FAIRY. The heralds rap on the floor with their staves--the trumpets
sound--[Three strokes of a bell are heard; the tower chamber takes on
its former appearance.] Alas! the time is up. Pehr, do you wish to go
out and taste of life?
PEHR. Yes, yes!
FAIRY. Good and bad?
PEHR. Bad? That I think I know; the good I would learn to know.
FAIRY. You think so? But you shall soon see that all which seems good is
not good, and all that seems bad is not bad.
PEHR. Only let me get out--and away from here!
FAIRY. You may go; but first I want to give you, as a help on your
journey, a gift which will be of service to you. When you have it,
you will have been given more than others, and therefore more will be
required of you at some future time.
PEHR. Let me see it!
FAIRY. This ring has the power to grant you all your wishes--to your
credit, but to no one's harm.
PEHR. That's a fine ring! But what will the old man say?
FAIRY. He is only going to meet with his just punishment--punishment for
PEHR. Yes, that is just. All the same I feel sorry for him.
FAIRY. Do not grieve for him; I shall watch over his sorrow.
PEHR. Sorrow! Nothing else? Sorrow, he says, is the one pleasure in
life. Let him sit and enjoy it then. I shall probably furnish him with
FAIRY. And lastly, young man, will you take provisions from the Wise
PEHR. What should they be?--Good advice?
PEHR. Alas, I have such quantities of that!
FAIRY. I know that, and I know its fate. Farewell then! May life so
teach you to live that when your journey is over you shall be--whether
great or obscure; successful or unsuccessful; learned or ignorant--a
man, and above all, a manly man. Farewell! [Fairy disappears in column.]
PEHR. [Alone.] Well, Pehr, you are going out into life! Others before
you have probably done likewise. But is it, then, so difficult out
there? To be sure I have stood on the church roof and watched the
throngs of people down in the street crawl around each other, going and
coming. To me they appear so quiet and orderly, and I don't see that
they trample on one another, although they are as thick as gnats.
That dogs and apprentices fight sometimes, that I have seen, but grown
folk--never! The old man and I never fight, although we pass each other
on the stairs ten times a day. True, he has beaten me, but I have never
beaten him; and other people may not be so bad either, if the truth were
told. Wasn't there a fire the other day in the house of a rich merchant
and didn't a lot of poor wretches come running from all directions, and
didn't they go up to the rich man's place and save his goods? Oh, yes, I
saw how they took silver pieces from his table and carried them far out
of the city, where they hid them behind haystacks so the silver wouldn't
be burned up. Wasn't that kind of them? We shall see, we shall see!
Meanwhile, my dear Pehr, you shall go out and have a look at the world
and make use of your gifts. [Examines ring.] Let's see! What shall I
wish for first?
[Old man enters as if through wall.]
PEHR. Oh! so the old man is here. I did not hear your footsteps on the
stairs. Which way did you come?
OLD MAN. [Alarmed.] Did you see?
OLD MAN. Let me look at you! [Gazes fixedly at him.] Something has
PEHR. Nothing--nothing whatever!
OLD MAN. My son, it will soon be midnight. Don't you want to retire to
your room so that I may lock you in?
PEHR. You always want to shut me in! Tell me, Father, have you never
meant to let me out in the world? Surely you cannot have thought that I
should sit here forever, and dry up!
OLD MAN. I have seen life; I know its Sodom apples--therefore I wish to
PEHR. But life is not as sour as you say, perhaps.
OLD MAN. What do you know about it?
PEHR. Oh, I can see things from my high place! Come here and I will show
OLD MAN. What can you show me that I do not already know?
PEHR. [Leads Old Man to the window.] Look! Do you see the great house on
OLD MAN. Yes; but make haste! Before the clock strikes twelve, you must
be in bed.
PEHR. Do you see the Christmas-tree, with its gold and silver?
OLD MAN. Only paper, boy!
PEHR. And the golden fruits of the tropics?
OLD MAN. Worm-eaten--
PEHR. And the sun--Happiness--how it shines on the children's faces!
OLD MAN. Between times distorted by envy--
PEHR. And the old man who sits there, contented and happy--
OLD MAN. It's a lie! He trembles in his heart for the house rent, which
must be paid on the new year--
PEHR. He--the rich man?
OLD MAN. Hides his approaching downfall!
PEHR. And those young people--Do you see how he stretches his arm--
OLD MAN. After the father's money bag!
PEHR. Shame on you! Their lips meet--
OLD MAN. In lust!
PEHR. What is that?--Ah! Now look up there, at the gable window, with
the single light--
OLD MAN. Prompted by caution, which demands darkness--
PEHR. By the glow of contentment's calm light--
OLD MAN. Which they stole from the spice stall, and their delight is in
planning the next expedition to the city market. I know it, do you hear!
And up there, in the palace, where the lights glisten by the thousands
and mirror themselves in the wines' sour streams--there they roll--empty
heads and empty hearts--who say that they think and feel for the
people's welfare! There they roll, between bottles and dishes--
PEHR. Why do you talk so fast? Let me continue--
OLD MAN. No! Away with you and obey, boy!
PEHR. Yes, away from here! I want to go out and see the world. I want
to see child-faces--even if they can be clouded by envy's cankerworm! I
want to taste the fruit of the tropics even if it is worm-eaten! I would
drink the wine though it were gall, and I want to put my arm around a
maid's waist, even if a bankrupt father does sit at the hearth stone! I
want silver and gold--if in the end it is nothing but dross!
OLD MAN. Hell-fire! who's been here?
A VOICE. Curse not Christmas!
PEHR. What can this mean? It is so strange here to-night--stranger than
usual. Father, look at me! Why, that's not his face!
OLD MAN. [Kneeling.] My son! Listen to your father--obey the old man,
who wishes you only good; remain within these peaceful walls!
PEHR. It is too late!
OLD MAN. What do I see?--that ring! who gave it to you? [Tries to take
the ring from Pehr.]
PEHR. Who are you? You are not my father!
OLD MAN. Your guilty, your unhappy father, who is bound by the
witchcraft of the Powers! [Old Man is transformed into a big black cat.]
PEHR. Jesu Maria, help! [Bright rays dart out from Virgin's image; clock
PEHR. The witch! The witch! Away, unclean spirit! [Cat vanishes.] And
now--[opens tower shutters] for life! [Fingers ring.] To the forest.
[Going through window.] "Out"!
Snow-clad woods; diagonally across stage is an ice-covered brook. Dawn.
Wind blows through the trees as curtain rises. Pehr on.
PEHR. So this is the forest, whither my thoughts have so often flown
through the clear air, and this is the snow! Now I want to throw
snowballs, as I've seen school boys do. It is supposed to be something
uncommonly amusing. [He takes up some snow and casts a few snowballs.]
H-m! That's not so wonderful! Once again--I think it almost stupid.
But what is it that plays up in the tree tops? The wind--Ah, it sounds
rather well. Zoo, zoo, zoo! But one grows sleepy if one listens to that
long. Zoo, zoo, zoo! Now it sounds like the gnats on a summer's evening.
Strange how short everything is out here in Nature! The dullness in
the tower--that was long! Now it's not at all pretty or amusing. [Sees
brook.] Why, what is this? Ice! What pleasure can one get from that? Ah,
now I remember--one can skate on it. I must try that! [He goes out on
the brook; slides; ice cracks; he falls from fright and lies there,
LISA. [Runs up to Pehr.] There he is! Ah--he sleeps! [Sees something
that glitters.] What is that? [Picks up ring, which Pehr dropped when he
fell.] A ring! He is sleeping in the snow! What can have happened? He
is hurt! What can I do? In the very heart of the forest and right in
the snow! Not a human being comes this way. He'll freeze to death if he
cannot get away. The good fairy sent me here to look up that boy, but
she did not tell me that I should find him half dead in a snow drift! If
only it were summer, with the sun shining on the green grass-carpet--
[Lisa fingers ring. Transformation: Landscape is changed from winter
into summer; brook loses ice-cake and runs forth between the stones; sun
shines on the whole.]
LISA. What can be the meaning of this! [Amazed, glances in all
directions. Pehr awakens.]
PEHR. [Rubbing his eyes.] Why, what is this--I fly from the church
tower, come into a forest of snow, throw snowballs, skate, bump my head
on the ice, lose my senses--then I wake up and find that it is summer!
Have I been lying here under the snow six months? No, it doesn't seem
likely. [Looks at himself in the brook.] I'm as red as a rose. [Bends
over water.] But what do I see down in the deep--A blue sky, green
trees, white water-lilies, and right in their midst--a girl!--just like
the one the youth had his arm around in the Christmas-home: flowing
hair, a mouth like a song, eyes like the dove's!--Ah! she nods to
me--I'm coming, I'm coming! [About to plunge into the brook, when Lisa
gives a cry. He turns.] There she is! A moment ago she was down here.
LISA. So it seems, but do not always believe your eyes.
PEHR. A strange world, this! But let me see if it is the same girl?
[Stares at her.] Yes, it is she. [Starts to run toward her, then catches
sight of ring.] What! my ring? You robbed me while I lay senseless!
Oh, do not believe your eyes, you said. No! for now I have my first
lesson--I wanted to embrace an angel, and I find a thief.
LISA. Do not always believe your eyes, Pehr; investigate before you
PEHR. You are right. I shall do so. Girl, who are you? What is your
LISA. Lisa is my name, but who I am you must not know until the time is
fulfilled. I came here and found you senseless--on the ice I found your
ring, the powers of which I did not know.
PEHR. You have saved me from certain death in the snow. Forgive me!
Lisa, you shall go with me on my journey, and you shall see a jolly
LISA. You are traveling, you say--What is the object of your journey?
PEHR. I seek--like all the rest--happiness.
LISA. You seek happiness! That is a fleeting thing.
PEHR. Ah, say not so! I can have all that I wish for. Have we not
been given the most delightful summer in the middle of winter? See how
gloriously the sun shines up in the pines! You must know that all this
is new to me. Oh, look! [Picks up a few spruce-cones.] What are these?
LISA. The fruit of the trees.
PEHR. Then it is good to eat.
LISA. No; but children play with it.
PEHR. Play--that I have never done! Shall we play, Lisa?
LISA. Yes--but what? Shall we play a game of tag?
PEHR. How does it go?
LISA. Watch me! [She runs behind a tree and throws cones at Pehr.] Now
PEHR. [Running after her.] But that's not so easily done! [Steps on a
cone and hurts his foot.] The damned spruce apples!
LISA. Mustn't curse the fruit of the trees!
PEHR. One can do without such fruit! I prefer the kind I saw on a
Christmas-tree. If this spruce could bear such fruit, then--[Instantly
spruce bears oranges.] Look, look! Let us taste. [They pick fruit and
LISA. Well, what think you?
PEHR. Oh! it's rather good--but not quite what I had fancied.
LISA. So it is always--all through life.
PEHR. My dear girl, how wise you are! Lisa, may I put my arm around your
waist? [A bird in the tree begins to sing softly.]
LISA. Yes; but what for?
PEHR. May I kiss you also?
LISA. Yes--there's no harm in that, surely. [Bird sings louder.]
PEHR. I'm so warm after the play, Lisa! Shall we bathe in the brook?
LISA. [Covers her eyes with her hands.] Bathe!
PEHR. [Throws off coat.] Yes!
LISA. [Hides behind a tree.] No, no, no! [Bird sings.]
PEHR. Who is that screech-owl up in the tree?
LISA. It is a bird that sings.
PEHR. What does he sing about?
LISA. Hush! I understand bird language; that my godmother taught me.
PEHR. It will be fun hearing about it! [Bird sings.]
LISA. "Not so, not so!" he said just then. [Bird sings again.] Pehr, do
you know what he said then?
LISA. "Live guiltless! Mine eye seeth thee."
PEHR. Guiltless--what is that?
LISA. I don't know--but dress yourself!
PEHR. It's only nonsense; there's no one here to see us. [Cuckoo calls.]
PEHR. What is that rogue calling?
LISA. [Imitates cuckoo.] Cuckoo, cuckoo!
PEHR. What a lot of tiresome formalities there has got to be!
LISA. Can you not enjoy the great, innocent pleasures of Nature?
PEHR. Yes, for a little while--What was that? [Tears off vest.]
LISA. An ant.
PEHR. [Beats right and left with his hat.] Only look at all the horrid
pests! Ouch! what was it that stung me? A mosquito!
LISA. Everything here in life is incomplete, Pehr. Remember that, and
take the bad with the good.
PEHR. Deuce take the bad! I want the good. [Beats at the air.] Now I'm
tired of the for est. Surely one cannot play all one's life! I yearn for
activity, and want to be among people. Tell me, Lisa--you, who are such
a wise little creature, what do people value most? For that I shall
procure for myself.
LISA. Pehr, before I answer you, listen to a sensible word! People will
cause you just as much annoyance as the mosquitoes do, but they will not
give you the delight to be found in Nature's perennial youth.
PEHR. Nature!--Oh, yes, it is very pretty when seen from a church tower,
but it becomes rather monotonous near to. Doesn't everything stand
still? Don't the trees stand in the selfsame places where they stood
fifty years ago, and won't they be standing there fifty years hence? My
eyes are already weary of "this" splendor! I want movement and noise,
and if the people are like mosquitoes, it will be so much easier to keep
them at a distance than this company. [Beats about his head with his
LISA. You'll see, no doubt, you'll see! Experience will teach you better
than my word.
PEHR. And now, Lisa, what do people value most in a person?
LISA. I'm ashamed to say it.
PEHR. You must tell me!
PEHR. Gold? But that is something outside the person which does not
belong to his being.
LISA. Yes, that is known; but it is so nevertheless.
PEHR. What extraordinary qualities does gold possess?
LISA. All! It is good for everything--and nothing. It gives all that
earth has to offer; in itself it is the most perfect of all the earth's
products which rust cannot spot--but which can put rust-spots into
PEHR. Well, then! Will you follow me, Lisa?
LISA. I will always follow you--at a distance.
PEHR. At a distance! and why not near me? Lisa, now I shall put my arm
around your waist again. [Lisa tears herself away; bird sings.] Why do
you run away?
LISA. Ask the bird!
PEHR. I can't understand what he says; you must tell me.
LISA. [Embarrassed.] No, I cannot!
PEHR. Cannot? What is it?
LISA. He is not singing for us now. He sings to his sweetheart, so you
must know what he is saying.
PEHR. How should I know that!
LISA. He says like this: [Running off] "I love you, I love you!"
PEHR. Stay! Shall you run away from me? Lisa! Lisa! She's gone! Very
well then! Come hither palace and plates and wines and horses and
chariots and gold--gold!
A luxurious Banquet Hall. Servants bring on a table, with food and
wines; other servants carry in a chest containing gold; others, again, a
table covered with plates, vases, candle-sticks, etc.--all of gold.
PEHR. [Walks about and looks around.] So this is the rich man's
abode! Well, it looks rather promising. Slaves! Give me my best
holiday-coat--but it must be of gold. [Servants hand him a gold-cloth
coat.] A chair! [They place a gold chair at table.] Now, Pehr, you shall
enjoy life! and that is your right. Haven't you been up mornings at
four o'clock; and rung for early Mass; haven't you swept the church on
Fridays and scoured the stairs on Saturdays; haven't you eaten bread and
herring three hundred and sixty-five days in the year and rinsed them
down with cold water; haven't you slept on pease-bolt which was so badly
threshed that you could feel the pease in your knee-joints? Oh, yes, you
have--therefore enjoy yourself! [Wants to sit at table.]
BUTLER. [With staff in hand.] Pardon, Your Grace! The table is not laid.
PEHR. Isn't it?
BUTLER. In a couple of hours the roasts will be ready.
PEHR. I don't want any roasts.
BUTLER. [Intercepts Pehr with staff.] It can never be that one sits down
at an unlaid table!
PEHR. Who forbids me in my own house?
BUTLER. Etiquette, Your Grace, does not under any circumstances permit
PEHR. Etiquette! What kind of torment is that?
BUTLER. Your Grace, listen to an old man's word! He who in Your Grace's
position violates the rules of etiquette is lost.
PEHR. [Frightened.] What a harsh gentleman! I shall have to submit,
although I'm beastly hungry--But, wait! Is there nothing that will move
that gentleman? I have heard that gold--[Goes over to chest and takes
out a handful of gold coins.] Would not--
BUTLER. Your Grace! I stand above the servants; above me stands Your
Grace, but above us all stands--Conventionality. Its laws are perpetual,
for they have their foundation both in common sense and in what we call
PEHR. And the historical hypotheses--cannot they be reached with gold?
BUTLER. They are non-corruptible--in this instance!
PEHR. What's the good of all my wealth if I cannot eat my fill when I'm
hungry? I am worse off than the poorest bellringer.
[Butler stations himself at the table, and stands like a statue.]
[Enter Tax Assessor and assistants, who walk about and take an
PEHR. Look--here's a new torture! With what shall you gentlemen pester
an innocent victim?
TAX ASSESSOR. Taxation, Your Grace.
PEHR. Indeed! So it is you who regulate people's worth. How high is a
human being estimated these days?
TAX ASSESSOR. Two per hundred, Your Grace;--all depends on what one is
PEHR. Tell me, can't I withdraw while the gentlemen figure up? for I am
both hungry and thirsty.
TAX ASSESSOR. Impossible! It must be done in the owner's presence.
PEHR. O Lord, what trials! But I may be allowed to sit down at least?
TAX ASSESSOR. As you please! [To assistants.] Two dozen plates
with beveled edges--write! Six wine-coolers, with handles of finer
metal--write! One sugar bowl, with sifting spoon, and two smaller
ditto--write! Two dozen knives, with handles of mother-of-pearl--brand
PEHR. See if I don't go crazy!
TAX ASSESSOR. Dining table of oak, with double leaves--write! Six walnut
chairs. [Enter Lawyer.]
PEHR. One more!
LAWYER. Your Grace is summoned to the City Court to have tax No. 2867
legalized before twelve o'clock this day.
PEHR. The Court? Litigation? I never institute proceedings, sir!
LAWYER. It's not a question of litigation--only to verify facts.
PEHR. I don't wish to verify facts.
LAWYER. But to put the case--
PEHR. I don't want to put the case--I want my dinner! Butler, can't
I take a sandwich? [Butler raises staff threateningly; enter petty
PEHR. Are there still more?
PETTY CONSTABLE. Your Grace is summoned to the Bar tomorrow at eleven
o'clock for neglecting to keep the street clean.
PEHR. Must I keep the street clean--I, who am such a rich man! What,
then, must I not do?
PETTY CONSTABLE. It is the duty of every householder to keep clean in
front of his own house.
PEHR. Etiquette, taxation, put the case, keep yard and street clean,
hunger and thirst--is that the rich man's lot! Then I would rather be
a street sweeper and own myself. And I'm not allowed to turn these
gentlemen out, who crowd into my room, and I cannot go my way when I
[Enter petitioner, followed by a servant carrying two baskets of
PEHR. Mr. Lawyer and Mr. Constable, can't the law protect an unfortunate
rich man so that he may have peace in his home, or is the law only for
LAWYER. Your Grace can no longer be regarded as an individual; for when
one through riches has risen to the community's heights, one belongs to
PEHR. And so one is placed outside the law.
LAWYER. [Smiles; glances about.] Above the law, Your Grace!
PEHR. Ha--! What does this last friend want! Are there any presents in
PETITIONER. Your Honorable Grace is appointed Church Warden--
PEHR. [Interrupts.] Called--
PETITIONER. Called to vote day after to-morrow.
PEHR. Eleven o'clock--
PETITIONER. Eleven o'clock-to be present at the election of the new
Rector. But before that, Your Grace must take part in the preliminaries
which are here inclosed, and which are for the purpose of showing the
incompetence of the opposing candidate for the office.
PEHR. Must I read through two baskets full of papers between now and day
after to-morrow? No, no!
PETITIONER. Perhaps Your Grace would like to give your vote to our
PEHR. Without having to read--is that permissible? Thank you, my good
friend! Pen and ink!
PETITIONER. [Hands Pehr pen, ink and paper for signature.] Admirable! I
thank Your Grace.
PEHR. [Embracing him.] Ah, it is I that must thank you!
BUTLER. [Raps on table three times with staff; servants enter with
dishes.] Dinner is served. [All go except Pehr and butler.]
PEHR. [Sits down at table.] At last! [Soft music.] See, now they go when
he commands; but when I beg, it's useless!
BUTLER. It is not my command they obey, Your Grace, but the rules of
PEHR. And they transcend my will?
BUTLER. Laws are the agreements of many, and must of course come before
the individual's will.
PEHR. I declare, he can answer all things! Now I shall enjoy myself at
all events. Wine warms the heart, food warms the body--but where's the
pleasure in loneliness? Mr. Butler, do the rules of etiquette permit
that one has company when one is enjoying oneself?
BUTLER. I almost believe that something in that way is required.
PEHR. Well, then, I want--
[First Friend enters and rushes into Pehr's arms.]
FIRST FRIEND. Friend of my heart! So I see thee again after such a long
separation! And you are like yourself--a little thinner than when I last
saw you; but how's everything now, dear old chap?
PEHR. [Eyeing him.] Oh, thanks, thanks--very well indeed, as--ahem--you
see. Pray take a chair and sit down.
FIRST FRIEND. Why, bless my soul! I've just had dinner, but I'll go into
your ante-room and wait there while you finish yours.
PEHR. No, that is just what you shall not do! I remarked a while ago
that I thought life so empty when one must sit alone at table. Take a
chair and sit down.
FIRST FRIEND. Dear old friend, if you insist I will sit beside you while
you dine; but it actually looks as though I had come here for a meal.
PEHR. What matter even if it were so.
FIRST FRIEND. [Protests.] Oh--!
PEHR. Wait a bit--I'm not saying that it is so!
FIRST FRIEND. [Seats himself.] So now you are in clover, as they say. It
is pleasant to contemplate that fate can be so kindly, and it must
ever rejoice a sensitive soul to see that some one is favored by fickle
fortune. Not all--more's the pity!--can praise fickle fortune.
PEHR. Indeed! Have you any grievances?
FIRST FRIEND. I?
PEHR. Yes--for I don't want to hear any hard-luck stories now, when I'm
eating. Won't you be good enough to favor me by trying a hazel-grouse?
FIRST FRIEND. If you speak of favors, my friend!
PEHR. Then you mustn't say "my friend"; you must call me by name.
FIRST FRIEND. Christopher! You ask a service of poor me--can I then
deny you! [He begins to eat, his appetite increases during following
repartee. Pehr regards him with open-eyed wonder.]
PEHR. One should never deny another anything?
FIRST FRIEND. Well said! One should never deny oneself anything--one
another, I mean.
[Enter Second Friend.]
SECOND FRIEND. [Walking straight up to the table.] Good day, Goran! Do
you remember me? [Pehr Stares at him.] No you don't, but I remember you.
You see, I never forget my old friends! In the hour of need I look them
up. Here you sit and eat and I have nothing to eat, therefore I say
right out: Boy, here am I! [Seats himself at table.]
FIRST FRIEND. [To Pehr.] Who is that tramp? He eats as though he had not
seen food from Christmas to Easter!
PEHR. Oh, he's a friend of mine.
SECOND FRIEND. [To Pehr.] Who is that beggar? He stuffs himself like a.
wolf in the springtime!
PEHR. Oh, he is a good friend of mine.
FIRST FRIEND. [To Pehr.] Beware false friends, Pehr!
SECOND FRIEND. [To Pehr.] Beware false friends, Pehr!
PEHR. Yes, yes!
FIRST FRIEND. [To Pehr.] You'll see, he is going to borrow money from
SECOND FRIEND. [To Pehr.] If he asks for a loan from you, you must say
no--for he never pays.
PEHR. You don't say so! Well, good friends, don't you think this an
SECOND FRIEND. I never flatter!
FIRST FRIEND. No, my friend, you only stuff yourself! I never flatter,
either, but I cannot therefore mask the truth and must acknowledge that
anything of this sort I have never before had a share in, and it has
to be Christopher that offers such a treat! Your health, brother
PEHR. [Aghast.] Christopher?
SECOND FRIEND. I'm a plain, everyday sort of man, and cannot make pretty
speeches--which I scorn, and the expression of which from such a source
I can ascribe only to a secret desire to get money. That is my plain,
FIRST FRIEND. What insolence!
PEHR. I must beg that no serious discussions interrupt this delightful
gathering, which would be even more agreeable if it were sweetened by
some charming representative of the opposite sex.
[A Woman appears.]
WOMAN. So you couldn't wait for me! That was most impolite, but I
forgive you since you are my friend. There's my hand!
PEHR. [Kisses her hand.] I beg a thousand pardons, my beauty, but I must
have been mistaken as to the day? Meanwhile, be seated. Will my friends
make room at my side? [Friends crowd nearer to him.] No? Well, he who is
the younger must do so. That perhaps you do not know? Then he who is my
best friend will voluntarily give up his place, for he is always just as
near to my heart anyhow. [Both friends give up their places.] I see that
you are both my best friends.
WOMAN. And I your best friend among women. Am I not, Alonzo?
PEHR. Quite right. And now as I raise the bumper, I want to drain it to
Friendship! Friendship is like gold, for it is pure.
WOMAN. [To friends.] How prettily he speaks!
PEHR. Friendship is like the moon--
THREE FRIENDS. Bravo! Bravo!
PEHR. For it borrows its gold--[Three Friends exchange glances]--from
the sun. And it darkens when the sun departs; true, is it not?
ALL THREE FRIENDS. [Sullenly.] Very well said!
PEHR. But friendship is a fire; it must be fed if it is to be kept
burning. You have given me your friendship, what have I to give you?
[Three friends glance around.] You look on my gold. Alack, it is but
dust as compared with your friendship!
WOMAN. [Adroitly.] One must not despise the temporal because the eternal
FRIENDS. Admirably expressed!
PEHR. Very well, I wish to reward your faith. See--all this gold I give
ALL THREE FRIENDS. Ah! [They upset the table.]
PEHR. But remember, I have told you that gold is nothing but dross.
[Puts hand to mouth and paces back and forth.] O my God! I believe I'm
WOMAN. What's wrong with you, Alonzo?
PEHR. I've got the toothache--oh, my teeth! You see that the rich man,
also, is exposed to the annoyances of life. [Friends, with gold pieces,
move toward doors.]
PEHR. No, don't leave me alone in my misery--now, when I most need your
FIRST FRIEND. Oh, a little toothache is not dangerous; it will soon
SECOND FRIEND. Take some cold water in your mouth, then you'll be all
WOMAN. Oh, the men! They are so sensitive to a little pain. You should
see a woman suffer!
PEHR. Ah, don't forsake me! I suffer so terribly!
FIRST FRIEND. I shall never forsake you! [Hand on door.] I'll run for
PEHR. No, stay!
SECOND FRIEND. [Near door.] No; as George's oldest friend it devolves
upon me to--
PEHR. You want to run away from me! Oh, I curse this gold! I curse you,
false friends! [Gold pieces in their hands turn black.]
ALL THREE FRIENDS. He has deceived us--look, look! [All three are
stricken with toothache and begin to moan.] Oh! Oh!
PEHR. [Recovered.] Oh, it's only a little toothache; it will soon
pass.--Take cold water in your mouth, old friend, and then it will
disappear. [Woman faints.] Surely a woman will not faint for such a
little pain! [Friends rush out.] Now run to the dentist and let him draw
all your teeth, foxes! After that you'll not bite any more sheep.
WOMAN. [Coming to.] Alfred! all have forsaken you; but I shall remain
PEHR. Yes, but why should you? I'm as poor as the poorest; soon the
tax collector will be coming around for the taxes, and he'll seize
WOMAN. [Snuggles up to him.] Then I want to be at your side to support
you--[seizes his hand and steals ring during following speeches] and
extend to you the hand--
PEHR. [Duped.] You! Can this be true?
WOMAN. True? Look at me!
PEHR. Ah, I have been told that woman is more faithless than man--
WOMAN. She is wiser than man [puts ring on], therefore she is called
faithless. Oh, let me sit, I'm so unstrung! [Pehr leads her to a chair
by the wall.]
PEHR. Compose yourself, my friend; I have only frightened you.
WOMAN. Give me a glass of wine; I feel so faint after all this
[Pehr goes over to table; wall back of the chair opens and woman
and chair disappear. Only the hand with ring is seen as she is heard
Ha, ha--schoolboy! Learn from this not to trust a woman whom you have
[Alone, Pehr runs to window and looks out, as he draws back his head, he
has the ears of an ass.]
PEHR. Curses on gold, friendship and women! Now I stand alone--poor,
deserted--with a pair of long ears and without my magic ring! Had I
known that life was so utterly ignoble, I should have stayed at home
with the witch. Where shall I turn to now--without friends, without
money, without house and home? Trouble awaits me at the door. Must I
now, in all seriousness, go out in the world and work for the attainment
of my every wish? If only I were not so alone! Yet, why not as well be
alone, since there is no such thing as friendship, and everything is so
false and empty? Damnation!
LISA. Don't curse, Pehr!
PEHR. Lisa! You do not forsake me, although I forgot you in my
LISA. It is in our need that we find our friends.
PEHR. Friends? A curse on friendship!
LISA. Don't, Pehr! There are real friendships in life as well as false
PEHR. I have now tried the good things of life, and I found only
emptiness and vanity!
LISA. You have tried in your way--meantime you have made the first
plunge of youth, and now you shall be a man! You have looked for
happiness in the wrong direction. Don't you want to go out and do good,
enlighten your fellow-men, and be useful? For your clear vision can
penetrate the perversion and crookedness which one finds in life.
PEHR. And be a great man!
LISA. Great or obscure, it is all one. You shall be useful--you shall be
a reformer who leads humanity onward and upward.
PEHR. Yes, a reformer who will be honored and idolized by the people,
and whose name will be on everyone's lips.
LISA. Oh, how far you are from the truth, Pehr! You seek greatness
only for personal honor; you shall have it and you shall have a new
PEHR. But how? My ring is gone!
LISA. The qualities inherent in that ring are such that it can never be
away from its owner.
PEHR. [Looks at his hand.] Ah! See, there it is! Well, then, I want to
be a great man--a reformer; but you, Lisa, must follow me.
LISA. Not yet. But I will follow thee at a distance, and when thou
dost meet with sorrow and need and the sun of happiness is for thee
o'erclouded, then I will be near thee with my weak support. Go thou out
into life, see what wrongs are done there; but when 'midst filth and
mire thou hast seen how even the flower of beauty thrives, then think on
this: Life is made up of both good and bad.
SCENE: A public square. To right, Courthouse arcade, above which there
is a speakers' cage with places for Burgomaster and Councilmen; to left
shoemaker's house, with shop window and sign; outside a bench and table,
close to them a hen-coop and water-tub. In the centre of the square
stands a pillory, with two neck-irons on chains, above it a bronze
figure with a switch in its hand; to right centre, statue o f
Burgomaster Hans Schulze, which leans toward a marble female statue
crowned with a laurel wreath. Background: view of city.
[Pillory and Statue.]
PILLORY. [Bows low to statue.] Good morning, Statue. Did you sleep well
STATUE. [Nods.] Good morning, Pillory. Did you sleep well yourself?
PILLORY. To be sure I did--and dreamed also! Can you guess what I
STATUE. [Crustily.] How should that be possible?
PILLORY. Well, I dreamt--can you imagine it?--that a reformer came to
STATUE. What--a reformer? [Stamps.] Hell! how cold your feet get
standing here; but what does one not do for glory's sake! A reformer?
Then he, too, is to have a statue?
PILLORY. A statue--well, hardly! No, he had to play statue himself, at
my feet, while I clasped him around the neck with both arms. [Neck-irons
clash.] You see, he was a real reformer, and not a charlatan, such as
you were in life!
STATUE. Oh, bosh! You should be put to shame!
PILLORY. I should--but I always have justice on my side. [Swings
STATUE. What, then, was his specialty?
PILLORY. He was a reformer in street paving.
STATUE. In street paving? Pestilence and cowardice! He dabbles, then, in
my profession. [Bumps into female statue.]
PILLORY. No; he does intelligently what you dabbled in, and you
wouldn't be standing where you are had you not been the burgomaster's
STATUE. Was not I the one who carried out the new idea of stone-paved
PILLORY. Yes, that you did; but the idea was not new. And what did you
do? In place of the soft sand in which one formerly placed one's feet,
one must now balance oneself on jagged and rolly stones, which destroy
both feet and shoes--save on the street which leads from your house to
the tavern, where you let lay a footbridge of flat stones.
STATUE. And now this reformer--or charlatan--wants to undo what I did?
PILLORY. He wants to tear up what you laid down and pave all the streets
with "burgomaster" stones, so that all may be equally comfortable.
STATUE. So he's a rabid radical!
PILLORY. Yes, that's it, and he has no party politics back of him. You
had the wagonmaker, the shoemaker, the chiropodist and the burgomaster
with you, therefore you succeeded.
STATUE. He'd better be careful! Every stone which he removes from my
work the people will hurl at him, and woe be unto him if he touches my
PILLORY. Let us hope that he unmasks you, you old fraud! Do you recall
how you happened to become one of the great ones after your death?
First, at the funeral, the parson embroidered your virtues--for twenty
marks; the contractor, who had grown rich on your streets, delivered a
eulogy; the chiropodist, who acquired practice through your beautiful
street stones, had a medallion struck of you; then the wagonmaker, who
made money patching up wagons, named a vehicle after you; and last, the
shoemaker held a memorial fest in your honor. Then it was done! Your
son-in-law, the burgomaster, sent out a subscription blank for a statue
no one dared refuse, and now you stand there.
STATUE. Yes, I do, and it grieves you. To-day the Schulze Society
will come with wreaths and will sing the memorial song ordered by my
son-in-law. I daresay having to stand and listen to it will make you
PILLORY. I can't dispute that, but in the end we shall see if I'm not a
STATUE. Hold your tongue! for here comes the Society.
PILLORY. I shall have to hold my sides for laughter--three persons
constitute the whole Society! Last year they were six. You're a back
number, Schulze. Soon you'll see that they will move you into the
STATUE. A people who reverence their great men and cherish past events
can never sink so low as to consign their statues to the ox-grove.
[Shoemaker comes out from his house and opens shop window.]
SHOEMAKER. I believe there has been rain in the night, brother Schulze
looks so shiny. If it will only be fair weather when the singing society
makes its appearance! [Shouts back into the house.] Hans!
HANS. [At window.] Yes, master.
SHOEMAKER. Sit here by the window with your work, I'm going out to
fulfil a civic duty.
HANS. Yes, master.
SHOEMAKER. If you don't watch out, I'll let the strap do a dance on your
back! Do you hear that, knave?
HANS. Yes, master.
[Enter Wagonmaker, with a banner.]
WAGONMAKER. 'Morning, Shoemaker.
SHOEMAKER. Good morning.
[Enter Chiropodist, with a laurel wreath.]
CHIROPODIST. Good morning, good morning. Shall we wait for the
burgomaster? I think we'd better hurry along, it's preparing for more
SHOEMAKER. That's just what I said to myself this morning, therefore I
was wise and brought my raincoat.
WAGONMAKER. The people should now assemble here and form a procession,
but I don't see a cat! Shoemaker, didn't you tell the printer that we
were to celebrate the Memorial Festival to-day?
SHOEMAKER. Why certainly, certainly!
WAGONMAKER. Will the gentlemen please form a semi-circle around the
CHIROPODIST. We might begin with the cantata--then perhaps the people
WAGONMAKER. I can't understand why the burgomaster isn't here? He always
treated us to brandy other years.
SHOEMAKER. If you start the song he'll wake up, if he has overslept
himself. Tune up, gentlemen--do, mi, sol, do!
WAGONMAKER. Then, I'll begin--but watch out for the trio so as to make
it a regular ear-splitting ensemble!
Hail to thee, Burgomaster!
Hail to thee, benefactor!
Life burns our deeds within its envious fire,
But mem'ry, like a phoenix from the pyre,
Rises on stalwart wing to waft them higher.
SHOEMAKER. Well whistled, Wagonmaker! Any signs of the grog yet?
WAGONMAKER. Go on, Shoemaker! Now comes the aria; it must be rendered
with feeling. Then you shall see that the burgomaster will wake up!
SHOEMAKER. [Sings aria.]
The breath of the rose and carnation-bud's fragrance, 'mongst
As false at heart
She held toward him her billowy hair,
Where all the ocean's freshness breathes.
And lily so red and lily so white
Confidingly muse on death and life.
CHIROPODIST. That was a rare strophe! But it doesn't seem to have any
special bearing upon the subject and our present conditions. Where did
you get it?
SHOEMAKER. Well, you see, I have an apprentice at home who is one of
your idealists; he does things of this sort when he's free, on Sundays.
WAGONMAKER. If I may venture an opinion, I think it inconceivably
difficult to get at the pith of the strophe.
SHOEMAKER. That's just the fine point, you see! But hush--methinks we
have the rain here. [Puts on coat.]
WAGONMAKER. Do the gentlemen think it worth while to stand here in the
rain and get soaked on that old duffer's account?
SHOEMAKER. But we are paid to support the song and we must at least
do the trio before we go; for when we all pitch in together the object
itself won't be able to sleep! The oration, on the other hand, can be
given at any time; besides, there is too small a public for so big a
speech. We'll take the trio--do, mi, sol, do. It is not as ideal as the
aria, but it evinces greater familiarity with the specific conditions.
[Rain patters, wind increases.]
CHIROPODIST. Damned if I stand here any longer and catch cold for that
old charlatan! Remuneration? Six marks each! One can do without that.
WAGONMAKER. I think so, too.
SHOEMAKER. Were you not in on the subscription for the statue, perhaps?
Were you not there and helped, with a medallion, to turn him into a
WAGONMAKER. Well, we had to, didn't we? otherwise they would have downed
SHOEMAKER. True--but it is ungrateful not to respect his memory. I shall
sing the trio alone.
CHIROPODIST. Oh, you can do it--you, with your sou'wester! I'm going
home to breakfast. [Flings wreath on pedestal, dashes hood of cloak over
head and runs off.]
WAGONMAKER. This is the last time I'm going to lend myself to such
SHOEMAKER. [Alone.] And now I'm going to the burgomaster's for a brandy.
But first, I must deliver my speech to the old man on the pedestal;
then my conscience will be easier. [Talks to statue.] You think, you
old Schulze, it is for your sake that we sing, for your sake that we
speechify; can't you comprehend that we do so for our own sakes? We need
a big man to push forward when we turn out to be too little ourselves.
We need your word to quote, since no one credits ours. Our little town
needed your statue in order to become a great city; your insignificant
relatives needed your statue to help them get on and find occupation in
this troublesome world--and therefore, mark you, you stand so high
above us all--a figure for naught but ciphers! Now you have heard a
true remark, you poor wretch! the first and the last you'll hear,
perhaps--[Alarmed.] Surely no one has been listening to what I said? Ah!
here comes the great man's relative.
RELATIVE. Good morning, Shoemaker. Have you heard--have you heard of the
SHOEMAKER. What now? What's up, Herr Relative?
RELATIVE. A reformer has come to the city; haven't you read his
SHOEMAKER. No, no!
RELATIVE. Oh, it is unprecedented--read for yourself!
SHOEMAKER. I'm too agitated to read; you read it.
RELATIVE. Then listen to what the scoundrel writes: "A quarter of a
century has hardly elapsed since Burgomaster Schulze gladdened this
community with weighty improvements as regards its street paving, by
giving us in place of the old sand-ground rough cobble stones." Do you
hear! Do you hear!
SHOEMAKER. Yes, I hear. But that was not very alarming.
RELATIVE. Not alarming! Doesn't he call him Burgomaster Schulze? One
does not say burgomaster of a dead man--one says Our Illustrious--Does
not the wretch write about rough cobble stones? Does he not attempt with
that to undermine "his" worth?
SHOEMAKER. But one cannot call it an attack, if he says that cobble
stones are rough when they are rough.
RELATIVE. Of course they are rough, but one must not say that they are
when a great man is responsible for them. Have a care, Master Shoemaker!
I see that you are a sceptic. Have a care--you know the consequences!
SHOEMAKER. For God's sake, I'm no sceptic! Haven't I been standing here
chanting odes to brother Schulze?
RELATIVE. Brother! If you were a brother to him in life, please remember
that all titles are annulled by death. Will you admit that this is an
SHOEMAKER. Of course I will--Have I said anything to the contrary? Can
you prove that I said anything to the contrary?
RELATIVE. No; but be careful! We hold Common Council here on the square
at nine o'clock, when that reformer will speak for his cause. Do you
know what he wants?
RELATIVE. Can you imagine it! He wants to repave all our streets with
SHOEMAKER. But that's rather considerate of him.
RELATIVE. [Laughs ironically.] Considerate? Oh, very! How will it
go, for example just to mention your calling--how will it go with the
precious shoemaking trade when the people no longer wear out any shoes?
SHOEMAKER. What--what say you? Forgive me, my friend, but you are right.
However, I'm not thinking of my humble calling, but of all the poor
innocent working men who will be robbed of their bread--and of their
poor wives and children!
HANS. [At window, makes faces.] Poor unfortunate workingmen!
RELATIVE. You see, you see! [Pointing to statue.] He was the friend of
the poor, and he was a man that knew what he did!
SHOEMAKER. You may depend upon it that both the wagonmaker and the
chiropodist will share my opinion.
RELATIVE. Am I quite sure of that?
SHOEMAKER. In life and in death!
RELATIVE. Happy the people who respect their great men! [Runs.]
[Enter populace. Relative is talking with the wagonmaker and the
chiropodist.] [The Courthouse clock strikes nine; two trumpeters and a
drummer come on and sound a call. When the music has ceased Pehr enters,
and is joined by Street-Paver.]
PEHR. Good morning, master. How do you think this matter will go for me?
STREET-PAVER. Badly, very badly!
PEHR. Don't the people want improvements, then?
STREET-PAVER. There's no question as to that--it's a question of the
great man's reputation, which you have attacked.
PEHR. Have I attacked him? [Rain has ceased.]
STREET-PAVER. You called him "burgomaster", and that title has become
a by-word in the town; you said that his paving stones were rough--in
a word, you have expressed the common opinion of the man, therefore you
PEHR. It's a very remarkable world that we live in!
STREET-PAVER. It's rather see-saw, and has its little eccentricities,
but do not try to help it, sir, for then it will send you straight to
PEHR. The people are dissatisfied and when one wants to dig up the cause
of their dissatisfaction, they throw stones at one! [A boy thrusts a
leaflet into their hands, hurries along and distributes more among the
PEHR. [Glances at leaflet.] But this is outrageous! They have sketched
us. Have I a nose like that?
STREET-PAVER. They have hit us off rather well--but surely I haven't
PEHR. I can't understand this--Yesterday the editor was for the cause
and to-day he abuses me.
STREET-PAVER. Public opinion, you see! He said to me, also, that he
approved of this movement, but that he stared not defy public opinion.
PEHR. A curious way of working for his cause! Who, then, is public
opinion for him?
STREET-PAVER. First, the customers; then the burgomaster, money, and
PEHR. Then why did he caricature you?
STREET-PAVER. Because I entered into your proposition. As a matter
of course, I did it because I could make money by it. Meantime, he
is selling hundreds of these poems to-day--[Trumpets and drum sound;
Burgomaster, Councilmen and Clerks come out into speakers' cage.]
BURGOMASTER. Well, my children, you must have heard that an impostor has
come to town.
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. He's no impostor; he is a reformer.
BURGOMASTER. It comes to the same thing--but you must hold your tongue,
my lad, you have no vote!
PEHR. Herr Burgomaster, I would beg that my proposition be presented in
a proper manner before this honored popular assembly--
BURGOMASTER. Just listen to him! We know his proposition and it simply
remains for us to express ourselves. Well and good, I consign it to the
madhouse! It is the man's wish--think of it, my children! that all may
be permitted to tread upon smooth pavements. So long as Our Lord creates
different kinds of human beings, there must be different kinds of stones
on our streets. Is there anybody who would add further remarks?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. That isn't true! Our Lord does not create different
kinds of human beings.
BURGOMASTER. Who gave you permission to shriek?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. Since we have no voice in things, we may at least be
allowed to shriek!
BURGOMASTER. Yes, shriek, and I'll put you in the lockup! There is no
one, of course, who has something to add?
RELATIVE. Herr Burgomaster, as a man of honor, may I not be permitted to
enter a protest against the scandalous attack that has been made?
PEHR. I challenge the relative!
BURGOMASTER. And I, on the other hand, attach more weight to the
Relative's utterance since he is allied to a great man; that is always
the community's best guarantee--
ROOSTER. [From hen-coop outside the shoemaker's.] Cockelicoo!
BURGOMASTER. What's that devilish racket?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. That's one who is blessed with a voice!
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. Arrest him! [Laughter and groans.]
BURGOMASTER. Quiet, back there! Secondly: Said adventurer has spoken
outrageously of the administration in that he has made defamatory
speeches against the city's departed burgomaster. We would hear a few
impartial citizens--Master Shoemaker, what, in your opinion, does he
SHOEMAKER. I vote with the administration.
BURGOMASTER. Quite right; he should be held in contempt. What say you,
CHIROPODIST. I concur.
BURGOMASTER. And the wagonmaker?
WAGONMAKER. I have the honor to agree with the last speaker.
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. Those who have the right to speak are silent.
BURGOMASTER. Silence, back there! On the ground of what has already been
advanced, with the support of conclusive evidence, the adventurer named
Pehr [no family name] is hereby sentenced for vicious utterances against
the administration to stand in the pillory two hours, later to be
expelled from the city, to his everlasting disgrace and as a warning to
PEHR. Herr Burgomaster, the proofs are lacking.
BURGOMASTER. We require none. Axiom, or self-evident points, neither can
nor need be proved. Away with him! [Pehr is led off.]
BURGOMASTER. Thirdly: In consideration of the vexatious as well as
unforeseen incident that the city's dogs give unseemly expression
to their inward feelings for the hideous around the pedestal of Hans
Schulze's statue, an appropriation is demanded for an iron railing
around the same. Surely no one will refuse a deserving man such trifling
act of respect?
QUALIFIED VOTERS. No!
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. That is the first time we've heard the voters say no!
BURGOMASTER. Officer, put him in the lockup! The question has been
answered, then, in the affirmative.
QUALIFIED VOTERS. Yes.
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. [Makes noise like a sheep.] B-a-a-a! [An instant of
laughter and commotion.]
BURGOMASTER. The Common Council is adjourned. [Trumpets and drum sound,
after which silence on stage.]
RELATIVE. [To Shoemaker.] He's an uncommonly firm expeditor, that
SHOEMAKER. He ought to be in the Legislature--then it would go a little
faster with the common motions.
[Burgomaster, Councilmen and Secretary go into Courthouse. People
continue to circulate on square; Street-paver keeps aloof.]
SHOEMAKER. [To Chiropodist, Wagonmaker and Relative.] Gentlemen, won't
you sit down and drink a glass of ale with me?
CHIROPODIST, WAGONMAKER, RELATIVE. Thank you!
SHOEMAKER. [At door, gives order; Hans brings on ale.] Well, Herr
Relative, you did not choose to be present this morning at the memorial
fest for your illustrious kinsman?
RELATIVE. Where was the need of my going out in the rain? You were there
with the Society.
SHOEMAKER. The whole Society! There were three of us.
RELATIVE. Did you sing?
CHIROPODIST. Yes, a little.
RELATIVE. [Laughing.] Were there many people?
WAGONMAKER. Not a soul!
RELATIVE. And the burgomaster--
SHOEMAKER. Overslept himself.
RELATIVE. [Laughing.] Have you seen the "Morning Crow"?
RELATIVE. [Takes up a pamphlet.] Would you like to hear,
then--""Tribute". The customary tribute paid by the Schulze Society to
the memory of our worthy citizen, whom we commemorate in bronze on the
city's public square, took place this morning in presence of a great
crowd of people that greeted the memorial songs, sung in honor of the
illustrious departed, with hearty applause. The songs were rendered
by the great chorus with the usual precision and good ensemble. The
oration, which had been prepared with the utmost care, was delivered in
clear, resonant tones by the worthy shoemaker, Pumpen-Block. Among the
notables present we observed the city's burgomaster, the kinsman of the
departed, and others." [All laugh.]
RELATIVE. Isn't that rich?
ALL. Oh, it's priceless!--You wrote that.
RELATIVE. By the by, have you seen the cartoon of the reformer and the
street-paver? It's capital!
SHOEMAKER. But it was a bit extravagant to caricature them in that way!
RELATIVE. Oh, no sensible person has anything against the proposition;
but that it should fall into such hands--Hush, here he comes!
[Pehr is led on by guards, who place him in the pillory and adjust
neck-irons. The populace nudge each other and point at him. Shoemaker's
company slightly embarrassed. Enter a lyre player and an old blind
woman, with a painted canvas on a pole. Old woman sings and points at
canvas, which is painted in six panels--one for each stanza.]
There was a guileless youth
Who heard the people's wail;
Lawgivers sat in the square
And gaily quaffed their ale.
The youth to the people said:
"I would make your pathway fair!"
"There's trouble," the rulers cried,
"Sedition breeds in the air."
Still they sat in the square,
And still they quaffed their ale;
They talked of the people's good,
But heard not the people's wail.
The youth in the pillory stood,
For there he'd been given his place;
In the wag'nmaker's hen-coop the cock crew
As of yore in Caiphas' palace.
The great respect the law,
Their own renown they buy
With statues and tombs and gold
To praise them when they die.
The people pass under the yoke,
They wail through the vigils of night,
And wait till the cock shall crow
To herald an era of light.
[Shoemaker's company make wry faces and pretend not to be listening; the
people are interested and drop pennies into the old woman's bank. The
women are moved to tears and wipe their eyes now and then.]
RELATIVE. [To shoemaker.] Have you many orders now-a-days?
SHOEMAKER. Oh, so-so--
OLD WOMAN. Give the old blind woman a coin?
CHIROPODIST. Begging is prohibited, don't you know that?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. She's not begging; she asks remuneration.
SHOEMAKER. What kind of rot is he talking?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. The Schulze Society is paid to sing for the statue
yonder, but the men pocket the coins and stay away. This morning only
three were there.
SHOEMAKER. [To his guests.] Think, they know all that goes on, the
OLD WOMAN. Give the blind old woman a coin!
RELATIVE. One must pay, to boot, for her croaking?
ONE OF THE PEOPLE. She sings better than the shoemaker sang this
morning, when we stood round the corner listening to him. He certainly
does not sing ideally about carnations and roses, but a true word spoken
at the right moment is also ideal!
RELATIVE. If you don't go, old hag, you'll be locked up!
[Thunder and lightning, wind, rain, commotion.]
SHOEMAKER. Egad! it's raining again. Step inside, gentlemen. [They break
OLD WOMAN. Must that poor wretch in the pillory stand out in the rain?
RELATIVE. If my kinsman, who is so great a personage, can stand outside,
then that fellow may as well stay where he is.
SHOEMAKER. It cools these reformers off so nicely to get a little cold
water over them. [Trips, stubs toe against a stone.] The damned
cobble stones! [Hops into house on one leg. Exit all but Pehr and Old
LISA. [Throws off disguise.] Well, Pehr! You have become a famous man;
your name is now on every one's lips, your picture is being carried
round on all streets and public squares and the people hail you as a
reformer. Are you satisfied?
PEHR. Yes, Lisa, now I am satisfied with being a reformer!
LISA. Shall you leave your work half-done?
PEHR. Yes, Lord save us! If only I can escape with my skin.
LISA. You sought glory and renown--
PEHR. But all do that!
LISA. Not all. But you had the approval of the people.
PEHR. The people! They have nothing to say.
LISA. So it was the approval of the great that you wanted. Then stand
there and be ashamed! You did not even believe in the cause for which
PEHR. Frankly, I think it a matter of slight consequence whether one
walks upon smooth or rough stones.
LISA. When one walks in calfskin boots--yes; but not when one goes
PEHR. Moreover, the community isn't worth a straw; the whole thing is
only a sham! "The common good, the common good"--one never talks of
anything else. What, then, is the common good? It strikes me as being an
agreement between a few private individuals.
LISA. It should be everyone's good, but it isn't. Make it so, and it
will be so.
PEHR. I want to--oh, I want to do it, but I haven't the power!
LISA. Then get it, Pehr, and let's see if I have made a mistake.
PEHR. [Breaks irons and comes down stage.] You shall see, Lisa, that I
will do something big when I have the power.
LISA. Why something big? Something good would be better.
PEHR. But you must always be by my side, Lisa. What was it that the bird
in the wood sang?
LISA. That I will tell you next time.
PEHR. No, now!
LISA. He said: "I love you!"
PEHR. Won't you love me, Lisa?
LISA. Yes, when you love me.
PEHR. But I do!
LISA. No, you do not; so far you love only yourself. Out again, Pehr,
and learn something! There are not many wishes left to you; the greatest
but most dangerous one is ahead of you--Power! That is the highest thing
a frail mortal can attain. But woe to him who misuses it! He is the
world's greatest criminal, for he makes a caricature of Our Blessed
Lord! Farewell, King! thy crown awaits thee! [Disappears.]
PEHR. Oh, my queen!
Interior of a palace in Oriental style. To right a throne, before it a
table, with royal regalia; to left a divan, pillows arranged on floor in
At rise of curtain The Ameer discovered lying on floor writing on a
[Enter Chamberlain of the Caliph.]
CHAMBERLAIN. Is that the young Caliph's genealogical chart?
AMEER. Yes, Chamberlain.
CHAMBERLAIN. It certainly looks very imposing. Whom leave you given him
AMEER. Caliph Omar, of course.
CHAMBERLAIN. I think that Haroun-al-Raschid would have been better.
AMEER. He was certainly more popular--but in that case our gracious
sovereign would not be related to the ancient house.
CHAMBERLAIN. Very true. Will you be ready soon? We expect him at any
AMEER. Has your Excellency seen the new caliph?
CHAMBERLAIN. Yes; he looks like all the rest--It is only the
genealogical tree that separates him from us.
AMEER. Yes, the genealogical tree!
CHAMBERLAIN. [Examines ancestral chart again.] You have got an awful
width to it!
AMEER. I had to put in a bastard line; it looks so flourishing on
paper, and gives to the race a semblance of strength, which is always
CHAMBERLAIN. [Laughs.] What will the Caliph Omar say to this?
[Enter Court Mullah.]
MULLAH. Allah akbar barai! How dost?
CHAMBERLAIN. Allah! Eloim! I thank you, excellently.
MULLAH. Is the Renunciation Act made out in duplicate form?
CHAMBERLAIN. In duplicate form. Will you be good enough to compare, then
he will only have to add his signature.
MULLAH. If there's time enough, it would be the better way.
[Chamberlain takes two papers from table and hands one to the Mullah.]
CHAMBERLAIN. [Reads aloud.] "We, Omar the twenty-seventh, do hereby
solemnly forswear our--the Roman Catholic--faith, and adopt the
Mohammedan doctrine as it is determined in the Koran and the sacred
[Enter Pehr--Grand Vizier and Royal Historian having entered just before
him. Ameer jumps up from the floor with the genealogical chart; Royal
Historian stands quietly and jots down in a book what he hears.]
VIZIER. Will it please Your Highness to scan this ancestral chart, which
our--and the Kingdom's Ameer has made of Your Highness' illustrious old
PEHR. My ancestral chart? I have never known of any relative but my
father, the old sexton.
VIZIER. [Pretends not to hear.] It begins with a great and glorious
PEHR. Caliph Omar! What kind of fish is that?
VIZIER. [Sternly.] That is no fish. He was a great and honorable ruler.
PEHR. Be that as it may, but I was born in wedlock and not between satin
sheets, good gentlemen!
VIZIER. It does not become a ruler to be selfish; he must in all
particulars sacrifice his personal interests and tastes for the welfare
of the people.
PEHR. Very good; but does the welfare of the people demand that I shall
PEHR. Then hand me the paper! [Ameer delivers ancestral chart and a
pen.] It begins with a lie, and will probably end with theft. [Signs.]
VIZIER. There remains a slight formality--Will it please Your Highness
to sign this paper also. [Mullah presents Renunciation Act.]
PEHR. What now?
VIZIER. Your Highness need not trouble himself to road; it is only a
matter of form.
PEHR. Renounce my forefathers' Faith--But that outrageous!
VIZIER. Political considerations--the people's welfare--
PEHR. I must become a Mohammedan and may not drink a glass of wine?
VIZIER. There are substitutes in all politics.
PEHR. What are they?
VIZIER. Compromises, modifications--
PEHR. Circumventions, eh?
VIZIER. Will it please Your Highness to sign?
PEHR. But I shall despise myself if I begin with a low action, and all
the more will the people have the right to despise me!
VIZIER. The people demand that the ruler sacrifice all personal
considerations for their welfare.
PEHR. Their welfare, then, is to be built upon a lie and a crime?
VIZIER. [Goes toward window.] Your Highness, the people await their
chief. They are always ready to offer their sweat and blood for the
ruler, therefore they demand, also, that the ruler make his sacrifices.
PEHR. Is what you say true? Well, then, give it me! [Accepts
paper--hesitates.] The belfry, the chimes, the singing, the lights,
Christmas--all pass before mine eyes! No more Christmas Eve! Life is so
pitiless; it only demands, but never gives anything!
VIZIER. Your Highness, the people are clamoring! They would see their
chief in the attire of the old caliphs--the crown and sceptre await to
be borne anew by a branch of the old ancestral tree.
PEHR. [Catches sight of crown and sceptre.] Ah! Vizier, who can command
me to forswear my faith?
VIZIER. The laws.
PEHR. Who made the laws?
VIZIER. Our forefathers.
PEHR. They were weak mortals, like ourselves. Well and good, I'll make
over all the laws!
VIZIER. The Caliph does not reconstruct laws, for our form of
administration has not given him law-making rights.
PEHR. What is the form of administration in this land?
VIZIER. Constitutional Despotism.
PEHR. Answer! Am I Caliph, or not?
VIZIER. You will be as soon as you have affixed your signature.
PEHR. Then hand me the paper! [Signs. Enter Viziers, Court Attendants,
etc. Crowning Ceremony.]
PEOPLE. [Without.] Long live Omar the twenty-seventh! Allah, Allah,
VIZIER. Will it please Your Royal Highness to ascend the throne and
begin the reign?
PEHR. That will be quite diverting. Admit the people!
VIZIER. The people? The people have nothing to do with the Government!
PEHR. But surely I shall have someone to rule over?
VIZIER. That is done in writing. [Takes out a few documents.]
VIZIER. In order to spare Your Royal Highness the weighty burdens of
government on this, the first day of his reign, we have tabled all
petitions but one, which can very easily be disposed of.
PEHR. That was stupid, but it can't be helped now. Let's hear it!
VIZIER. Aschmed Sheik, with face in the dust and with his heart's
prayers, begs that he may go over to the Sunnees' faith.
PEHR. What is the Sunnees' faith?
VIZIER. It is a sect, a dangerous sect.
PEHR. In what particular does it differ from the--ahem!--true doctrine?
VIZIER. A true Moslem greets Allah in this manner--[crosses hands on
breast] but a sectarian does like this--[Pinches his nose and pokes his
fingers into his ears.]
PEHR. [Laughing.] Well, can't the man poke his fingers in his ears?
VIZIER. No; the laws of the land do not permit it.
PEHR. There is no religious liberty, then?
VIZIER. Yes, for the "true" faith.
PEHR. But for the others?
VIZIER. There must be no others!
PEHR. Then I shall give them religious liberty!
VIZIER. That the Caliph can not do.
PEHR. Who can, then?
VIZIER. The Government alone.
PEHR. Who is the government?
[Vizier and all others present place a finger to mouth.]
PEHR. A secret?
VIZIER. That is the constitutional despotism's secret.
PEHR. But I had the liberty of changing the religion?
VIZIER. Politics is another matter!
PEHR. Then God save all peoples from politics! Must I begin my reign
with the refusal of an humble petition?
VIZIER. Your Highness cannot begin better than by strengthening the laws
of the realm.
PEHR. But I'll never sign!
VIZIER. It is not necessary; the Administration will attend to that.
The Cabinet is adjourned. Will it please Your Highness to lay aside his
official attire and return to private life, with its petty diversions.
The Chamberlain is at Your Highness' service. [Goes.]
[The Chamberlain removes Caliph's crown and sceptre and conducts him to
divan. Enter Dancers, Singers and Poet Laureate. The Dance.]
PEHR. What is this company?
CHAMBERLAIN. This is the Court.
PEHR. Why do they wear such short dresses? I do not like that custom.
CHAMBERLAIN. It is the custom of the country, Your Highness.
PEHR. This at least is not politics.
CHAMBERLAIN. The first Court Singer begs that she may entertain
Your Highness with an idealistic song written by the celebrated poet
PEHR. Be good enough to entertain me!
SINGER. [With lute, sings.]
Then say farewell to Horaire, the march is already broken.
O army, hast thou the strength to say a farewell!
PEHR. Where's the rhyme?
POET LAUREATE. There are no rhymes in this kind of poetry.
PEHR. That's bad! Continue--
AMEER. [Aside to historian.] He's not long for this place.
SINGER. Your Highness must pardon me, but I am indisposed to-day.
PEHR. Chamberlain, is there not something in the constitution called
PEHR. [To singer.] Continue, then!
SINGER. [Sings.] Marble brow, flowing hair, sparkling rows of teeth,
She steps as light as the pacer, lest she soil her hoof in the mud.
PEHR. Mud? I don't like dirt in poetry. Go on!
SINGER. Swelling bosom, slender waist, throbbing now anew;
As she gives each fresh embrace, she is like to break in two!
SINGER. O happy man with perfume laden
Man of high estate!
Who may in some dreary hour
Hold her in his sweet embrace.
PEHR. That will do! Where's the author? Author!
POET LAUREATE. Your Highness, I have not learned to flatter.
PEHR. Haven't you? That's a poor poet laureate! Then play up your
strophe so we may hear if you lie.
POET LAUREATE. Your Highness--surely I can never question--
PEHR. Don't talk--just reel off!
The soul hath lost itself since love's flame it hath grasped,
Nor doth it awaken to reason, under the witchcraft of eyes.
But my love for hinds I leave--
PEHR. Pardon--what did you say?
POET LAUREATE. [Irritated.]
My love for hinds I leave and cherish a noble prince,
Generous and well born--nor tainted by low base deeds;
The prince who hath vanquished his foemen. Whatever the cost might be,
Strong in the Faith is he! Heresy's dreaded scourge!
PEHR. [Springs to his feet.] Do you mean it seriously or are you joking?
POET LAUREATE. I mean it seriously, Your Highness. How should anything
PEHR. Indeed! It is in all seriousness, then, that you praise my low
POET LAUREATE. Your Highness stands as high above low actions as the sun
above a mud-puddle!
PEHR. I know you and your gang, counterfeiter! You call me, who
foreswore my faith, the Defender of the Faith; you say that I, a
bell-ringer's son, am of royal descent; that I am generous, who refused
to grant the first humble petition presented since my coming to the
throne! I know you, for your kind is to be found the world over. You
live for thought and immortality, you say; but you are never seen when a
thought is to be born; you are never felt when it comes to a question of
immortality. But around heaped up dishes, in the sunlight of affluence
and power, there you swarm, like fat meat flies, only to fly away that
you may set black specks upon those who can let themselves be slain for
both thought and immortality. Out of my sight, liar! I would have your
head removed did I not see the shadow of a purpose in your presence.
A poor ruler is forced by political considerations to do so many
despicable things that he would die of shame did he not have an
institution like you to dull his conscience continually. Go! I would be
CHAMBERLAIN. Your Highness, it cannot be.
PEHR. It can be! [All go out except Pehr and Royal Historian.]
PEHR. What are you waiting for? What do you do?
HISTORIAN. I am writing Your Highness' history.
PEHR. So you are Court Historian.
PEHR. What matter, once you're dead! But what shall you write about? I
have never carried on any wars.
HISTORIAN. That is just what I wish to speak about. Your Highness only
need turn to the Minister of War--
PEHR. Then he will arrange one; that is his occupation, and for that he
is paid 20,000 shekels.
HISTORIAN. It is the people, Your Highness, who--
PEHR. Conduct the wars. The Minister of War makes them, while we sit at
home and take the glory--the shame we never take.
VIZIER. The bride is waiting.
PEHR. The bride! Who? Where? What does it mean?
VIZIER. Your Highness' consort.
PEHR. Lisa! She loves me still, despite all my faults? Conduct her
hither. She shall bring the fresh air of the forest into these musty
VIZIER. Your Highness wished first to sign the marriage contract.
PEHR. I'm forever writing! No, this time I don't have to read. [Signs.]
Now, Royal Historian, you can put down at least one action in my life
that was not crime! [Vizier and Historian go.]
[Bride, veiled in Oriental fashion, is ushered in; attendants withdraw
immediately; from behind is heard soft music.]
PEHR. [Runs toward bride.] Lisa, Lisa! You always come like a sunbeam
when the clouds thicken--always like a friend in the dark hour!
BRIDE. [Raises veil.] My name is not Lisa.
PEHR. Not Lisa--What does this mean? Treachery! Who are you then?
BRIDE. Your consort.
PEHR. My consort!
BRIDE. [Indifferently.] The Administration had three candidates for you:
The Vizier's choice fell upon me because my father threatened you with a
PEHR. The administration's candidate--tariff treaties--what does that
BRIDE. Politics require that princes shall sacrifice their personal
considerations for the good of the people.
PEHR. Politics require--But does the good of the people require any
BRIDE. I don't know--but it's done once for all, and now you are my
husband. Have the goodness to be happy, or you will be miserable.
PEHR. Are you happy?
BRIDE. I am nothing.
PEHR. Do you love me?
BRIDE. No, certainly not! And you me?
BRIDE. You love your Lisa?
PEHR. And you your--
PEHR. O misery and lamentation!
BRIDE. Calm yourself a moment--One moment, while they come in and
congratulate us. The bridal procession is waiting without. Silence! They
are nearing; stand at my side!
PEHR. Must I go forth again, and jest?
BRIDE. Obey me, for I'm a wise woman! When they go I shall tell you my
plan. Here they come! Look pleasant, husband, else they will say that I
made you unhappy.
PEHR. Dear old father, how right you were! Black is black and can
never be white. [Pehr and bride seat themselves on divan and assume a
[Enter Singers, Dancers, Chamberlain, Ameer, Royal Historian, Vizier.]
"Chorus of women sing":
Joyous the loving hearts
That bleed from cupid's darts!
Ye nightingales and ye roses sing,
Noble halls and courtyards ring!
The Caliph's court rejoices
And echoes love's true voices.
[Pehr and bride hide their agitation.]
VIZIER. Caliph, a happy people, whom you find assembled here, at the
foot of the throne, rejoice as they see happiness, like a sun, beam in
your eyes to shine on the white rose which long hath sought the tall
oak's trunk to lean upon; a happy people, youthful princess, rejoice in
your good fortune and hope that your tree may have off-shoots with fresh
rose buds, which, at some future day, may spread joy and bliss, like a
spring rain, over land and kingdom!
[Pehr leaps up and draws his sword, bride attempts in vain to calm him.]
PEHR. Hell and Damnation! You grand vizier of lies! and you, dressed
up adventurers, are you my people! Are these hired maidens, with their
venal tricks, my people who pay taxes to us that we may say nay to their
humblest request? No! I have never seen my people. Is this young woman,
whom you have placed by my side, my mate who loves me? No--She is a
heifer that you have let into my stall; she is an imp who is to shoot
branches on the genealogical tree; she is an administration's candidate
who makes happy her spouse with a tariff treaty. You call us happy
because we pretend to be; but we are most unhappy, for we stand near the
brink of a crime, which, praise God, we shall never commit. I curse you,
palace! dedicated as a temple of lies. Down in the dust with you, false
family tree! [Genealogical chart drops from wall and rolls up on floor.]
Break into shatters, crown and sceptre, tyranny's symbols! [Crown and
sceptre come down with a crash.] Tumble throne, where unrighteousness
is seated! [Throne collapses. Thunder, lightning, storm.] Scatter like
decoys, fortune hunters and outcasts that have placed yourselves between
noble and commoner! [All but bride disappear. To bride.] You lamb of
sacrifice, be free like myself! Now I want to go out into Nature and see
if honor and decency do not still live! [Bride vanishes; Pehr remains
standing, hands to face, until scene is changed.]
Seashore with wreckage of cast up seaweed, etc. To left an up-rooted
oak-stump, fishing tackle and hulk of a wrecked vessel. Background: open
sea; seamews float on waves. To right cliff-shore with pine woods; lower
down is a hut.
PEHR. Where am I? I breathe freer--All evil thoughts flee! I sense a
perfume as of old romances; I hear a murmur, like far-away streams; the
ground under me is soft as a bed. Ah--it is the seashore!
O Sea! Thou Mother Earth's good mother! Be greeted by an old and
withered heart Which comes that it may be by thy moist winds Swept clean
and freshened; Which comes to thy salt waves for cleansing baths And
healing for the sores the world's lies and madness gave to it.
Blow wind, and fill with thy pure air My lungs, that breathed in
pois'n-filled vapours; Sing wave, and let mine ear be soothed By the
harmonies of thy pure tones, As I stand here 'mongst the wreckage on the
strand, A wreck myself, which the breakers cast upon the sand When the
vessel crashed 'gainst the sharp cliff-rocks! Be greeted, Sea, that
nurses healthy thoughts And recreates the soul in shrunken body When
every spring thy billows break And gull and swallow chatter 'bove thy
wave, To wak'n anew the joy of life, and strength, and hope!
What's this? A human habitation! Not even here is a moment's peace
A VOICE. Curse not!
[It darkens and the sea begins to rise, moving toward him during
following speech so that he is forced down stage.]
PEHR. Who spoke? [Tries to flee toward left and is met by elk.] Wild
beasts stop me! [Tries to flee toward right, but is intercepted by
bulls.] Even here--Back! [Animals come on stage and crowd around him.]
They surround me! Help! [Runs to but and knocks.] Is no one here? Help,
help! [Attempts to cast himself into the sea, but sea-serpents and
dragons rise up.] Ah, nature, even you are a savage monster that would
devour all you come upon! You, my last friend, tricked me also--What
terror's visions! The sea would swallow me. What is my life worth more?
Come, Death, and set me free! [Sea gradually subsides.]
[Enter Death; beasts vanish.]
DEATH. Here am I, at your service! What would you me?
PEHR. [Cowers, but recovers himself.] Oh, really!--It was nothing
DEATH. You called me!
PEHR. Did I actually do that? Well, it is only a form of speech which we
use; I really want nothing of you.
DEATH. But I want something of you! Stand straight on your legs and I'll
cut; it will be over in no time. [Raises scythe.]
PEHR. Mercy, mercy! I don't want to die!
DEATH. Bosh! What has life to offer you who have no wishes left?
PEHR. That one does not know; if one might stop to consider, then
DEATH. Oh, you have had ample time; now it is too late. Straighten your
back so that you may fall like a real world-hater! [Lifts scythe.]
PEHR. No, no, for God's sake, wait a little--
DEATH. You're a timid beggar! Live on then if you think it anything; but
don't regret it later. I shall not come again for a long time. [Starts
PEHR. No, no, no! don't leave me alone--
DEATH. Alone? Why, you have lovely Nature!
PEHR. Yes, it's all very well when the weather is fine and the sun
shines, but thus late--
DEATH. You see now that you cannot live without your fellow men. Knock
three times on the door over yonder, and you will find company. [Death
vanishes. Pehr knocks three times on door of hut; the Wise Man comes
WISE MAN. Whom seek you?
PEHR. A human being! In short--I'm unhappy.
WISE MAN. Then you should not seek human beings, for they cannot help
PEHR. I know it, yet I would neither live nor die; I have suffered all,
and my heart will not break!
WISE MAN. You are young, and do not know the human heart. In here I have
lately been pondering the causes of mankind's misery. Would you like to
see how the little object called the human heart looks? [Steps into hut
and returns presently with a casket and a lantern, which he hangs on a
You see the little three-cornered muscle, which now has ceased to
beat--Once it throbbed with rage, thumped with joy, cramped with sorrow,
swelled with hope. You see that it is divided into two large chambers:
In one lives the good, in the other the evil--or, with a word, there
sits an angel on one side of the wall and a devil on the other.
When they chance to be at odds with each other--which happens quite
often--there is unrest in the person and he fancies the heart will
burst--but it doesn't, for the walls are thick. Oh, yes, look at this
one! Do you see thousands of little scars from needle thrusts? They did
not go through, but the pricks remain nevertheless.
PEHR. Who has borne this heart, Wise Man?
WISE MAN. The unhappiest of humans.
PEHR. And who was that?
WISE MAN. It was a man. Do you see the marks of a heel; do you see the
nail-prints? It was a woman that trampled on this heart for twenty-six
PEHR. And he did not tire?
WISE MAN. Yes, he grew weary one Christmas Eve and freed himself from
her. As a punishment, he came under the ban of the Powers; he cannot
die, although his heart has been taken from him.
PEHR. Can he never be released from the spell?
WISE MAN. When his son shall have found a faithful woman and brought
her home a bride, then the spell will be broken. But that can never be
because his son is gone forever.
PEHR. What has become of him?
WISE MAN. He went out in the world.
PEHR. Then why can he never get any bride, poor boy!
WISE MAN. Because one who loves only himself can never love anyone else.
PEHR. He means the old man, my father. [Wise Man sinks through floor;
but vanishes. It begins to dawn.]
PEHR. "He who loves only himself "--So said Lisa also--But I hate
myself, I loathe myself after the cowardly things I have done, and I
love Lisa! Yes, I love her, I love her! [Sun shines on waves and lights
up pine woods to right; clouds disperse. A boat is seen out at sea, it
comes nearer and nearer and Lisa is seen at the rudder. She beckons to
Pehr as the boat recedes.]
Sea-gulls in the air, tell her! Sunbeams, carry my words on your pillars
of fire, and bear them to her. But where must I seek thee--where? [Boat
is seen on horizon a moment.] It is she! Now, ring, fulfill my last wish
and take me to her! The ring is gone! Woe, what does this augur? Is my
story ended, or shall it now begin perhaps? Lisa, my soul's belovéd! [He
runs up on cliff and waves.] If you hear me, answer; if you see me, give
me a sign! Ah--she turns out toward the fjord--Well, then, storm and
sea, that separate me from all that my heart loves, I challenge you to
battle for the highest prize! [Pushes out boat drawn up on shore.]
Blow, wind, and rock, wave! My weak keel shall cleave you like a sword.
On, my boat, even though we miss the goal, let us struggle on till we
SCENE: Interior of a little country church, with frescoed ceiling. At
back, centre, altar with crucifix; to left, pulpit; on a pillar down
left an image of Saint Bartholomew with skin in hand; directly opposite,
on a pillar, image of Saint Laurence with the grill. Broom is propped
against altar railing. Two rows of praying stools at right and left
sides form an aisle from front to altar. At right a confessional; at
left an iron door.
[The Elf stands in one window, the Fairy in the other.]
ELF. It was not the old man that ate up the porridge, it was the rats.
FAIRY. Then it was not to do Pehr a kindness that you sent him out in
the world, but to harm the old man!
ELF. Even we immortals can make mistakes. Let, us make amends for our
FAIRY. If it is not too late?
ELF. How so?
FAIRY. Pehr is a misanthrope and cannot become reconciled to life.
ELF. Lisa will rectify all that, and then the old man will have atoned
for his sin. One must patch where one has torn.
FAIRY. I have already made my preparations.
FAIRY. Here in this sanctuary whose floor we may not tread.
ELF. And why not? True, it is holy ground, and we were not allowed
to become participants in the Great Redemption because--well, because
something which we mustn't know about came between. But that does not
prevent the humans from believing some good of us; and in that they
do right, for the matter has its sides. Meantime, I shall not absent
myself--even if I may not be near to witness that this reconciliation
comes out all right. Even we lost souls can rejoice in the happiness of
others. Farewell, but not for long.
FAIRY. Farewell. [Elf and Fairy vanish.]
LISA. Here in this peaceful church the good fairy promised me that I
should meet him--How shall I behold him now? Has he learned aught of
life, or is he still the same selfish, pleasure-loving youth who pursues
only fickle fortune? If he had had the courage to do a bad act in a good
cause, then he would at least have shown that he could make a sacrifice
for something besides himself; for the most that we can give to a cause
is our precious regard for ourselves. Higher powers demand that such and
such shall take place; they choose the instruments where they will and
none may give up the commission, even if it means going under. My friend
was not that sort, and therefore, therefore--Hush! I hear footsteps--It
is he! No, I would not meet him yet; I must collect my thoughts. If I
conceal myself here--in the confessional--[Steps in.]
PEHR. [Drops down on a prayer stool, left.] She flees from me, as I
flee from my bad thoughts! Alone, forsaken--what more is there for me in
life? Naught have I learned of life save its nothingness, and no wishes
are left to me but evil ones. My soul would be like an empty shell were
it not filled with her! My life--Ah, what has it been? [Pall pounds on
floor.] What was that?--Ghosts in the sunshine? That would be a funny
sight! [Broom raps on floor.] Again! 'Tis said that one can see ghosts
in broad daylight, if one peeps through a door-crack, it is even
maintained that one can see oneself. "Oneself"--! If one could really
do that, how easy it would be to evade one's worst faults! I'll try it.
[Opens door left and places himself behind it.]
[Pehr's shadow steps up into the pulpit, drinks from the goblet, and
turns hour-glass. Pehr stands at door with back to spectators.]
SHADOW. My beloved hearers! [Pall, Broom, Bartholomew and Laurence
stir.] My beloved hearers and you, Pehr, who stand behind the door,
my sermon will not be long since the hour is already late and it is
especially to this so-called "Lucky Pehr" that I would address a few
remarks. Yes, you, Pehr--you have rushed through life like a fool, in
pursuit of fortune; all your wishes have been fulfilled--save one and
they have brought you no happiness. Pay attention, you who stand behind
the door! You have made no leap through life, for on that track one runs
well. All the experiences through which you think you have passed were
but dreams; for, believe me, one wins no wishes with luck-rings out here
in Reality; here one gains nothing without labor. Do you know what labor
is?--No! It is something very heavy; but it must be heavy the sweeter
the repose--Labor, Pehr, and be honest, but don't become a saint, for
then you would be vain, and it is not our virtues but our faults that
make us human. Listen well, you who stand behind the door--Life is not
such as you saw it in your youthful dreams. It is a desert, that is
true; but a desert which has its flowers; it is a stormy sea, but one
that has its ports by verdant isles. Heed, Pehr! If you want to go forth
into life now, then do it in earnest. But you will never be a "real"
man without a woman--Find her! And now, pay close attention, Pehr, for
I shall leave the word to Saint Laurence after dismissing you with the
sage's eternally young and eternally old exhortation--Know thyself!
Saint Laurence has the word. [Shadow vanishes.]
SAINT LAURENCE. [Presents his grill.] I am the holy Saint Laurence with
the grill, who, at Emperor Dicii's command was beaten with thongs seven
days in succession and afterwards was broiled on this grill by a slow
fire. There is no one who has suffered so much as I!
SAINT BARTHOLOMEW. What is that to speak of! I am the holy Saint
Bartholomew with the skin, who, at Emperor Pamphilii's command was
flayed alive clear down to the knees; and what miracles happened after
my death! You perhaps have never heard of the mysteries or of the devil
in woman shape and the prognostication about the volcano?
SAINT LAURENCE. What is that to speak of as compared with mine? I have
six miracles: The beam in the church, the crystal chalice, the Nun's
PALL. [Rises up.] Oh, boast moderately of your sufferings. I am only a
pall, but for fifty years I have borne on my back so many corpses,
and have seen so much suffering--so many shattered hopes, so much
inconsolable grief, so many torn hearts that suffered in silence and
were thrust into oblivion without the solace of gilded statues--that you
would be silent had you seen one-half of it. Ah, life is so black, so
black, so black!
BROOM. [Raps on floor and rustles its straws.] What--you chatter about
life, old Pall, you who have seen only death? Life is black on one side
and white on the other. To-day I'm only a broom, but yesterday I stood
in the forest, so stout and trim, and wanted to be something great.
They all want to be great, you see, so it happened as it happened! Now
I think like this: What comes is best; since you couldn't be great, you
may as well be something else; there is so much to choose from--One may
of course be useful, and at worst one can content oneself with being
good, and when one has not been given two legs to stand on, one must be
happy anyhow and hop on one. [Broom goes bumping along and finally leans
PEHR. [Walks rapidly over to holy-water fount, by confessional, takes
holy-water sprinkler and sprinkles out into the church.] Away, spectres
and evil spirits! [As he lays back sprinkler a noise is heard from the
confessional.] Someone is there! Reverend Father, hear me and accept the
sighs of a broken heart!
LISA. [In assumed voice--from confessional.] Speak, my son.
PEHR. How shall I leave my dreams?
LISA. Oh, you have dreamed enough and you are no longer young. Think of
your missteps--have you not made such?
PEHR. Yes, I have pursued fortune and have sacrificed conscience and
honor in order to win fame and power. Now I cannot bear misfortune, and
LISA. Then you have ceased to love yourself above all else?
PEHR. Yes.--I would free myself from "self"--if I could.
LISA. Then, Pehr, you can also love another.
PEHR. Oh, yes! But where shall I seek her?
LISA. [Comes out.] Here! [They embrace.]
PEHR. Now you will not leave me again?
LISA. No, Pehr, for now I believe you love me.
PEHR. What good fairy sent you across my pathway?
LISA. Do you still believe in good fairies? Mark you, when a little baby
boy is born into the world, a little baby girl is also born somewhere;
and they seek and seek until they find each other. Sometimes they go
amiss as to the right one, then it turns out badly; sometimes they never
find each other, then there is much sorrow and affliction; but when
they find each other, then there is joy, and it is the greatest joy life
PEHR. It is Paradise Found!
[Enter sexton, with staff--The old Man in the tower.]
SEXTON. The church must be closed.
LISA. See, now he drives us from Paradise!
PEHR. That he cannot do.--We carry it with us and lay it, like the
verdant isle, out in the stormy sea.
SEXTON. [Lays down his staff.] Alongside the peaceful harbor, where the
waves break up and go to rest.
PEHR AND LISA. Father! Father! [Fairy and Elf appear, each in their
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