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ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. A Christmas Carol
  2. Adam Bede
  3. Alice in Wonderland
  4. All's Well That Ends Well
  5. A Midsummer Night's Dream
  6. A Modest Proposal
  7. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  8. An Ideal Husband
  9. Antony and Cleopatra
  10. A Passage to India
  11. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
  12. Arms and the Man
  13. A Room With A View
  14. A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy
  15. A Study in Scarlet
  16. As You Like It
  17. A Tale of a Tub
  18. A Tale of Two Cities
  19. A Woman of No Importance
  20. Barnaby Rudge
  21. Beowulf
  22. Bleak House
  23. Book of Common Prayer
  24. Candida
  25. Captains Courageous
  26. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
  27. Clarissa
  28. Coriolanus
  29. Daniel Deronda
  30. David Copperfield
  31. Dombey and Son
  32. Don Juan
  33. Emma
  34. Finnegans Wake
  35. Four Quartets
  36. Frankenstein
  37. Great Expectations
  38. Gulliver's Travels
  39. Hamlet
  40. Hard Times
  41. Howards End
  42. Ivanhoe
  43. Jane Eyre
  44. Julius Caesar
  45. Kim
  46. King James Version of the Bible
  47. King Lear
  48. King Solomon's Mines
  49. Lady Chatterley's Lover
  50. Lady Windermere's Fan
  51. Leviathan
  52. Little Dorrit
  53. Love's Labour's Lost
  54. Macbeth
  55. Major Barbara
  56. Mansfield Park
  57. Martin Chuzzlewit
  58. Measure for Measure
  59. Middlemarch
  60. Moll Flanders
  61. Mrs. Dalloway
  62. Mrs. Warren's Profession
  63. Much Ado About Nothing
  64. Murder in the Cathedral
  65. Nicholas Nickleby
  66. Northanger Abbey
  67. Nostromo
  68. Ode on a Grecian Urn
  69. Oliver Twist
  70. Othello
  71. Our Mutual Friend
  72. Pamela or Virtue Rewarded
  73. Paradise Lost
  74. Paradise Regained
  75. Peregrine Pickle
  76. Persuasion
  77. Peter Pan
  78. Pride and Prejudice
  79. Pygmalion
  80. Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  81. Robinson Crusoe
  82. Rob Roy
  83. Roderick Random
  84. Romeo and Juliet
  85. Saint Joan
  86. Salomé
  87. Sense and Sensibility
  88. She Stoops to Conquer
  89. Silas Marner
  90. Sons and Lovers
  91. The Alchemist
  92. The Beggar's Opera
  93. The Canterbury Tales
  94. The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes
  95. The Castle of Otranto
  96. The Comedy of Errors
  97. The Dunciad
  98. The Elder Statesman
  99. The Faerie Queene
  100. The Happy Prince and Other Tales
  101. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
  102. The Hound of the Baskervilles
  103. The Importance of Being Earnest
  104. The Jungle Book
  105. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
  106. The Man Who Would Be King
  107. The Master of Ballantrae
  108. The Merchant of Venice
  109. The Merry Wives of Windsor
  110. The Mill on the Floss
  111. The Mystery of Edwin Drood
  112. The Nigger of the Narcissus
  113. The Old Curiosity Shop
  114. The Pickwick Papers
  115. The Picture of Dorian Gray
  116. The Pilgrim's Progress
  117. The Rape of the Lock
  118. The Second Jungle Book
  119. The Secret Agent
  120. The Sign of Four
  121. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  122. The Tempest
  123. The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus
  124. The Two Gentlemen of Verona
  125. The Vicar of Wakefield
  126. The Waste Land
  127. The Winter's Tale
  128. Timon of Athens
  129. Titus Andronicus
  130. To the Lighthouse
  131. Treasure Island
  132. Troilus and Cressida
  133. Twelfth Night, or What You Will
  134. Typhoon
  135. Ulysses
  136. Vanity Fair
  137. Volpone
  138. Wuthering Heights
 



LITERARY MASTERPIECES
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pamela%2C_or_Virtue_Rewarded

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 


Our Mutual Friend

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Our Mutual Friend (written in the years 1864–65) is the last completed novel written by Charles Dickens. It centers on, in the words of critic J. Hillis Miller, "money, money, money, and what money can make of life" (which is, incidentally, a quote from Our Mutual Friend, spoken by Bella at the end of book III, chapter iv.). In the opening chapter, a young man is on his way to receive his inheritance, which, according to his father's will, he can only claim if he marries Bella Wilfer, a beautiful, mercenary girl whom he has never met. However, before he can arrive, a body is found in the Thames and identified as him. The money passes on, instead, to the Boffins, and the effects spread throughout various corners of London society. The book is largely believed to be the most challenging and complicated that Dickens produced. Reviews at the time of publication were not generally favorable, but critical opinion shifted in the century that followed. Although somewhat a mystery, an important point concerning the identity of certain characters is revealed halfway through, without hinting as to the ending.

Although the book is quite lengthy, the ending seems rushed. It is a book in which G. K. Chesterton described that, as the reader rushes to read it, 'the writer rushed to write it', expressing displeasure at Mr Boffin's abortive fall into greed and vice, which, not only is inconsistent with Dickens' themes at that time of life, but also inconsistent with the character himself. Of the crucial ending, Chesterton wrote 'It might have taken years to turn Noddy Boffin into a miser; but it would have taken centuries to turn him into an actor.'[1]

A possible factor is the Staplehurst rail crash, in which Dickens was involved while writing Our Mutual Friend. Some commentators believe it seriously affected his ability to work, right up to his death five years later in 1870. [citation needed]

Plot summary

John Harmon, son of a wealthy dust contractor and heir to his father's fortune if he agrees to marry Bella Wilfer, is away from England when his father dies. On the way home he is supposed drowned in a case of mistaken identity. With his supposed death the dust fortune goes to Boffin, his father's former servant. John gets himself hired into the Boffin home as secretary John Rokesmith. Here he meets Bella and, with the help of the kindly Boffins, wins her love as Rokesmith, and marries her. He later reveals his true identity and regains his fortune.

Characters in "Our Mutual Friend"

Like all of Dickens' works, Our Mutual Friend contains many memorable characters. (This list is incomplete.)

Major characters

  • John Harmon, the absent centre of the story
  • Bella Wilfer, a mercenary young person
  • John Rokesmith, a Secretary (Alias of John Harmon)
  • Nicodemus (Noddy) Boffin, aka the Golden Dustman, probably based on Henry Dodd, a ploughboy who made his fortune removing London's rubbish
  • Mrs Boffin, his wife
  • Lizzie Hexam, a waterman's daughter
  • Charley Hexam, her brother
  • Mortimer Lightwood, a young lawyer
  • Eugene Wrayburn, a dilettante lawyer
  • Jenny Wren, a dolls' dressmaker
  • Mr Riah, Jewish manager of a money-lending business
  • Bradley Headstone, a sociopathic school teacher
  • Silas Wegg, a would-be literary man and seller of ballads
  • Mr Venus, a taxidermist and articulator of bones
  • Mr Podsnap, an extremely pompous, self-complacent man
  • Mrs Podsnap, his wife
  • Georgiana Podsnap, their daughter
  • Mr Inspector, a police officer
  • Mr Fledgeby, often referred to as Fascination Fledgeby, a young friend of the Lammles, actual owner of Mr Riah's money-lending business

Minor characters

  • Mrs Wilfer, Bella's querulous mother
  • Reginald Wilfer, Bella's father
  • Lavinia Wilfer, Bella's younger sister
  • George Sampson, Lavinia's boyfriend
  • Mr Alfred Lammle, a mature young gentleman
  • Mr Twemlow, a gentleman
  • Mrs Betty Higden, a child-minder
  • Jesse Hexam aka Gaffer, a waterman, father of Lizzie and Charlie
  • Mr and Mrs Veneering, nouveaux-riches
  • Miss Abbey Potterson, proprietor of the Six Jolly Fellowship Porters pub
  • Miss Peecher, a school teacher

Original publication

Our Mutual Friend, like most Dickens novels, was published in 19 monthly installments, each costing one shilling (with the exception of the nineteenth, which was double-length and cost two). Each issue featured 32 pages of text and two illustrations by Marcus Stone.

BOOK THE FIRST: THE CUP AND THE LIP

  • I - May 1864 (chapters 1-4);
  • II - June 1864 (chapters 5-7);
  • III - July 1864 (chapters 8-10);
  • IV - August 1864 (chapters 11-13);
  • V - September 1864 (chapters 14-17).

BOOK THE SECOND: BIRDS OF A FEATHER

  • VI - October 1864 (chapters 1-3);
  • VII - November 1864 (chapters 4-6);
  • VIII - December 1864 (chapters 7-10);
  • IX - January 1865 (chapters 11-13);
  • X - February 1865 (chapters 14-16).

BOOK THE THIRD: A LONG LANE

  • XI - March 1865 (chapters 1-4);
  • XII - April 1865 (chapters 5-7);
  • XIII - May 1865 (chapters 8-10);
  • XIV - June 1865 (chapters 11-14);
  • XV - July 1865 (chapters 15-17).

BOOK THE FOURTH: A TURNING

  • XVI - August 1865 (chapters 1-4);
  • XVII - September 1865 (chapters 5-7);
  • XVIII - October 1865 (chapters 8-11);
  • XIX-XX - November 1865 (chapters 12-17 (Chapter the Last)).

Film, TV or Theatrical Adaptations & Influence

The BBC produced a TV adaptation of Our Mutual Friend in 1997, adapted by Sandi Welch. It starred Paul McGann and Anna Friel. The BBC also produced an earlier version that appeared on Masterpiece Theatre in the 1970s.

At one point, the Royal Shakespeare Company considered a very long stage adaptation of the novel, featuring every last subplot and character, but shied away as there were simply too many drownings or near drownings which would have been too complicated to do on stage. They opted instead to do Nicholas Nickleby.

In 2005, Paul McCartney released a song "Jenny Wren" on his Chaos and Creation in the Backyard album about the character of Jenny Wren.

In the TV series Lost, character Desmond Hume keeps Our Mutual Friend close by, as he has read everything Charles Dickens wrote except it, and plans to have it be his last thing read before he dies.

Sir Harry Johnston wrote a sequel to Our Mutual Friend, titled The Veneerings, published in the early 1920s.

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Our Mutual Friend

Online editions

  • Our Mutual Friend, available freely at Project Gutenberg
  • Our Mutual Friend – complete book in HTML one page for each chapter.
  • Our Mutual Friend - Easy to read HTML verson.
  • Our Mutual Friend: The Scholarly Pages. The Dickens Project.

Criticism

  • "Our Mutual Friend" From Appreciations and Criticisms of the Works of Charles Dickens by G.K. Chesterton.
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Our_Mutual_Friend"

 

 

 


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