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ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. A Christmas Carol
  2. Adam Bede
  3. Alice in Wonderland
  4. All's Well That Ends Well
  5. A Midsummer Night's Dream
  6. A Modest Proposal
  7. An Essay Concerning Human Understanding
  8. An Ideal Husband
  9. Antony and Cleopatra
  10. A Passage to India
  11. A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
  12. Arms and the Man
  13. A Room With A View
  14. A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy
  15. A Study in Scarlet
  16. As You Like It
  17. A Tale of a Tub
  18. A Tale of Two Cities
  19. A Woman of No Importance
  20. Barnaby Rudge
  21. Beowulf
  22. Bleak House
  23. Book of Common Prayer
  24. Candida
  25. Captains Courageous
  26. Childe Harold's Pilgrimage
  27. Clarissa
  28. Coriolanus
  29. Daniel Deronda
  30. David Copperfield
  31. Dombey and Son
  32. Don Juan
  33. Emma
  34. Finnegans Wake
  35. Four Quartets
  36. Frankenstein
  37. Great Expectations
  38. Gulliver's Travels
  39. Hamlet
  40. Hard Times
  41. Howards End
  42. Ivanhoe
  43. Jane Eyre
  44. Julius Caesar
  45. Kim
  46. King James Version of the Bible
  47. King Lear
  48. King Solomon's Mines
  49. Lady Chatterley's Lover
  50. Lady Windermere's Fan
  51. Leviathan
  52. Little Dorrit
  53. Love's Labour's Lost
  54. Macbeth
  55. Major Barbara
  56. Mansfield Park
  57. Martin Chuzzlewit
  58. Measure for Measure
  59. Middlemarch
  60. Moll Flanders
  61. Mrs. Dalloway
  62. Mrs. Warren's Profession
  63. Much Ado About Nothing
  64. Murder in the Cathedral
  65. Nicholas Nickleby
  66. Northanger Abbey
  67. Nostromo
  68. Ode on a Grecian Urn
  69. Oliver Twist
  70. Othello
  71. Our Mutual Friend
  72. Pamela or Virtue Rewarded
  73. Paradise Lost
  74. Paradise Regained
  75. Peregrine Pickle
  76. Persuasion
  77. Peter Pan
  78. Pride and Prejudice
  79. Pygmalion
  80. Rime of the Ancient Mariner
  81. Robinson Crusoe
  82. Rob Roy
  83. Roderick Random
  84. Romeo and Juliet
  85. Saint Joan
  86. Salomé
  87. Sense and Sensibility
  88. She Stoops to Conquer
  89. Silas Marner
  90. Sons and Lovers
  91. The Alchemist
  92. The Beggar's Opera
  93. The Canterbury Tales
  94. The Case Book of Sherlock Holmes
  95. The Castle of Otranto
  96. The Comedy of Errors
  97. The Dunciad
  98. The Elder Statesman
  99. The Faerie Queene
  100. The Happy Prince and Other Tales
  101. The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling
  102. The Hound of the Baskervilles
  103. The Importance of Being Earnest
  104. The Jungle Book
  105. The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman
  106. The Man Who Would Be King
  107. The Master of Ballantrae
  108. The Merchant of Venice
  109. The Merry Wives of Windsor
  110. The Mill on the Floss
  111. The Mystery of Edwin Drood
  112. The Nigger of the Narcissus
  113. The Old Curiosity Shop
  114. The Pickwick Papers
  115. The Picture of Dorian Gray
  116. The Pilgrim's Progress
  117. The Rape of the Lock
  118. The Second Jungle Book
  119. The Secret Agent
  120. The Sign of Four
  121. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
  122. The Tempest
  123. The Tragical History of Doctor Faustus
  124. The Two Gentlemen of Verona
  125. The Vicar of Wakefield
  126. The Waste Land
  127. The Winter's Tale
  128. Timon of Athens
  129. Titus Andronicus
  130. To the Lighthouse
  131. Treasure Island
  132. Troilus and Cressida
  133. Twelfth Night, or What You Will
  134. Typhoon
  135. Ulysses
  136. Vanity Fair
  137. Volpone
  138. Wuthering Heights
 



LITERARY MASTERPIECES
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Room_With_A_View

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

A Room with a View

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from A Room With A View)
This article is about the book. For the film, see A Room with a View (film).

A Room with a View is a novel about a young woman in the sexually repressed culture of Edwardian England written by English writer E. M. Forster. When Lucy Honeychurch travels to Italy with her cousin, she meets George Emerson, a bohemian and an atheist who falls in love with her. Upon her return to England, she is forced to choose between free-spirited George and her less emotional fiancé, Cecil Vyse. The story is both a romance and a critique of English society at the beginning of the 20th century. Merchant-Ivory produced an award-winning film adaptation in 1985.

Plot summary

Part one

Lucy Honeychurch is a young English woman touring Italy with her older cousin, Charlotte Bartlett. They are staying in Florence at an Italian pensione catering to British guests. Upon arrival, Lucy and Charlotte are disappointed by the rooms' poor views, its Cockney proprietor, and English-style furnishings.

As they peevishly complain to each other at dinner, a fellow pensioner interrupts to offer his and his son's (George) rooms which have views of the Arno. Charlotte ungraciously refuses, thinking it would place them under "an obligation." But later that evening, another guest, a clergyman named Mr. Beebe, convinces her to accept the Emersons' offer.

Although a bright and talented girl, Lucy is young and not very inquisitive. Her quiet inner passion shows itself one rainy afternoon in the pensione's drawing room, where she plays the piano. Mr. Beebe, who had seen her perform in Shropshire, England, is impressed by the emotion she brings to her playing. Mr. Beebe fancies himself less straitlaced than his fellow clergymen. He holds an amused disdain for the old-fashioned conventions that Charlotte and the Miss Alans (elderly sisters staying at the pensione) maintain. He relishes the differences between Lucy's inner passion and outer mundane life and thinks her "promising."

Lucy continues to bump into the eccentric Emersons in Florence. Although their manners are awkward and they are deemed socially unacceptable by the other pensioners, Lucy likes them. One afternoon, as a restless Lucy tours Florence on her own, she witnesses a murder. George happens to be nearby and catches her when she faints. As they make their way back along the river, they have an oddly intimate conversation. She is puzzled by her burgeoning feelings toward George and decides to avoid him.

However, they both end up on a carriage ride as part of a larger group for a picnic in the Fiesole hills. As the party scatters to explore the landscape, Lucy finds herself wandering into George. He kisses her, but they are abruptly interrupted by Charlotte. The next day, under Charlotte's watchful eye, Lucy and Charlotte leave for Rome.

Part two

In Rome, Lucy spent time with a man named Cecil Vyse, whose family is friendly with the Honeychurches. Cecil proposed to Lucy twice in Italy; she rejected him both times. As Part Two begins, Lucy has returned to Surrey, England to her family home called Windy Corners. Cecil is proposing yet again and this time, she accepts.

Cecil is a sophisticated and "superior" Londoner who despises the ways of the country gentry. However, he is a very suitable suitor in terms of social rank and income and Lucy attempts to uncomfortably smooth over the differences with Cecil and Windy Corner society.

As a promise to Charlotte, she never told anyone about her kiss with George. The local vicar, Mr. Beebe, arrives to announce that new tenants have leased a local cottage. The new tenants turn out to be the Emersons. Fate takes an ironic turn as Freddy befriends George and soon invites him to play tennis one Sunday at Windy Corner.

Although Lucy is initially mortified at the thought of facing both George and Cecil (who is also visiting Windy Corners that Sunday), she resolves to be gracious. The unathletic Cecil refuses to play tennis and instead delights in annoying the others as they play by reading aloud from a badly written novel called, "Under the Loggia." Lucy soon realizes that Miss Lavish (a writer-acquaintance from the Florence pensione) is the author. Unknowingly, Cecil reads a passage aloud to all present that retells her kiss with George. George catches Lucy alone in the garden and kisses her again.

Furious with Charlotte for betraying her secret to Miss Lavish, a flustered Lucy forces her cousin to watch as she tells George to leave and never return. George argues with her saying that Cecil only sees her as an object "for the shelf" and will never love her enough to desire her independence; while George loves her for who she is. Lucy is moved but remains firm, and sends George away broken-hearted. Later that evening, after Cecil rudely declines again to play tennis, Lucy sours on Cecil and realizes that she must break off her engagement to him.

In the wake of these tumultuous events, she decides to flee to Greece. But shortly before her departure, she accidentally meets with Mr. Emerson in Mr. Beebe's study. Mr. Emerson is not aware that Lucy has broken up with Cecil and Lucy cannot lie to the old man. Mr. Emerson forces Lucy to admit out loud that she has been in love with George all along.

The novel comes to a close in Florence, where George and Lucy are spending their honeymoon. Not having her mother's consent, Lucy has eloped with George. Although things are tense with her family for the moment, the story ends hopefully with Lucy reading a letter from Freddy, and the promise of a life filled with love for her and George.

Major themes

The main themes of this novel include oppressed sexuality, freedom from institutional religion, growing up and true love. It is written in the third person omniscient, though particular passsages are often seen "through the eyes" of a specific character.

A Room with a View is Forster's most romantic, optimistic book and typifies his body of work. He utilizes many of his trademark techniques, including contrasts between "round" and "flat characters". "Round characters" are characters whose ideas and inner-self develop or change in the plot, whereas "flat characters" remain constant, offering familiarity and often being a source of humour.

Published in 1908, the novel touches upon many issues surrounding society and politics in early-20th-century Edwardian culture. Stark differences between conservative and radical thinking are observed, as well as Forster's own labelled differentiation between Medieval (Mr. Beebe, Miss Bartlett, Cecil Vyse) and Renaissance characters (Lucy, the Emersons).

Lucy personifies the young and impressionable generation emerging during that era, during which women's suffrage would gain strong ground. Forster, manifesting his own hopes for society, ends the book with Lucy having chosen her own path--a free life with the man she loves as opposed to marriage to a man considered more "suitable." The novel could even be called a Bildungsroman, as it follows the development of the protagonist.

Binary opposites are played upon throughout the novel, and often there are mentions of "rooms" and "views". Characters and places associated with "rooms" are, more often than not, conservative and uncreative — Mrs Honeychurch is often pictured in a room, as is Cecil. Characters like Freddie and the Emersons, on the other hand, are often described as being "outside." This represents their forward-thinking and modern character types.

Also, Forster contrasts the symbolic differences between Italy and England. Forster idealized Italy as a place of freedom and sexual expression. Italy promised raw, natural passion that inspired many Britons at the time who wished to escape the constrictions of English society. Whilst Lucy is in Italy, her views of the world change dramatically, and scenes such as the murder in the piazza open her eyes to a world beyond her "protected life in Windy Corner."

Allusions/references to other works

  • Forster's title was borrowed by Noel Coward for a song, "A Room with a View," in his 1928 musical revue, This Year of Grace.
  • Towards the end, Cecil quotes a few unidentified stanzas ("Come down, O maid, from yonder mountain height", etc.). They are from Tennyson's narrative poem, "The Princess."
  • While visiting the Emersons, Mr. Beebe contemplates the numerous books strewn around, including A Shropshire Lad, by A.E. Housman. Lamenting George's "unconventional" literary collection, he remarks to Freddy Honeychurch, "I fancy they know how to read — a rare accomplishment. What have they got? Byron. Exactly. A Shropshire Lad. [pause] Never heard of it."[1]

Film, TV or theatrical adaptations

Merchant-Ivory produced an award-winning film adaptation in 1985.

External links

  • A Room with a View, available freely at Project Gutenberg
  • The text
  • Plot summary and links
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A_Room_with_a_View"

 

 

 


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