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  1. Abbey Road (album)
  2. Abbey Road Studios
  3. Across the Universe
  4. A Day in the Life
  5. A Hard Day's Night (film)
  6. A Hard Day's Night (song)
  7. All My Loving
  8. All You Need is Love
  9. And I Love Her
  10. Apple Corps
  11. Apple Records
  12. The Ballad of John and Yoko
  13. Beatlemania
  14. The Beatles
  15. The Beatles Anthology
  16. The Beatles Bootlegs
  17. The Beatles' influence on popular culture
  18. The Beatles line-ups
  19. The Beatles' London
  20. The Beatles Trivia
  21. Blackbird
  22. Brian Epstein
  23. British Invasion
  24. Can't Buy Me Love
  25. Come Together
  26. Day Tripper
  27. Don't Let Me Down
  28. Eight Days a Week
  29. Eleanor Rigby
  30. Fifth Beatle
  31. For No One
  32. Free as a bird
  33. From Me to You
  34. George Harrison
  35. George Martin
  36. Get Back
  37. Girl
  38. Happiness Is A Warm Gun
  39. Hello Goodbye
  40. Help! (album)
  41. Help! (film)
  42. Help
  43. Here Comes the Sun
  44. Here, There and Everywhere
  45. Hey Jude
  46. I Am the Walrus
  47. I Feel Fine
  48. I Wanna Be Your Man
  49. I Want to Hold Your Hand
  50. John Lennon
  51. Lady Madonna
  52. Lennon-McCartney
  53. Let it be
  54. Let It Be (album)
  55. Let It Be (film)
  56. Love me do
  57. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
  58. Magical Mystery Tour (album)
  59. Magical Mystery Tour (film)
  60. Michelle
  61. Northern Songs
  62. Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)
  63. Nowhere man
  64. Paperback Writer
  65. Paul McCartney
  66. Penny Lane
  67. Phil Spector
  68. Please Please Me
  69. The Quarrymen
  70. Real Love
  71. Revolution
  72. Revolver (album)
  73. Ringo Starr
  74. Rubber Soul (album)
  75. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
  76. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (song)
  77. She Loves You
  78. Something
  79. Strawberry Fields Forever
  80. Taxman
  81. The Beatles discography
  82. The Fool on the Hill
  83. The Long and Winding Road
  84. The White Album
  85. Ticket to Ride
  86. Twist and Shout
  87. We Can Work It Out
  88. When I'm Sixty-Four
  89. With A Little Help From My Friends
  90. Yellow Submarine
  91. Yellow Submarine (album)
  92. Yellow Submarine (film)
  93. Yesterday
  94. Yoko Ono


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This article is from:

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


The songwriting partnership of John Lennon and Paul McCartney is one of the best-known and most successful musical collaborations of all time. In an agreement reached early in their partnership, the pair agreed to use the shared credit Lennon/McCartney on all songs written by the duo, alone or in tandem, for The Beatles.

The working partnership

A common misconception is that Lennon and McCartney each wrote their own songs alone and simply credited them to the partnership. While each musician often wrote independently and many Beatles songs are primarily the work of one or the other, it was only rarely that a song would be completed without some input from each of the duo. In many instances, one writer would sketch an idea or a song fragment and bring it to the other to finish or improve; in some cases, two incomplete songs or song ideas that each had worked on individually would be combined into a complete song. Often one of the pair would add a middle eight or bridge section to the other's verse and chorus.

The approach of the Lennon/McCartney songwriting team included elements of competitiveness and mutual inspiration as well as straightforward collaboration. The collaborative and creative merging of musical ideas between the pair is often cited as a key reason for the Beatles' innovativeness and popular success.

The pair wrote songs together from 1958 through 1969. As time went on, the songs increasingly became the work of one writer or the other, often with the partner offering up only a few words or an alternate chord. "A Day in the Life" is a notable and well-known example of a later Beatles song that includes substantial contributions by both Lennon and McCartney, where a separate song by McCartney was used to flesh out the middle of Lennon's composition. "Hey Jude" is an example of a later McCartney song that was improved by relatively minor input from Lennon. While auditioning the song for Lennon, when McCartney came to the lyric "the movement you need is on your shoulder," McCartney assured Lennon that he would change the line — which McCartney felt was nonsensical — as soon as he could come up with a better lyric. Lennon advised McCartney to leave that line alone, saying it was one of the strongest in the song.

A joint credit

Even before they formed the Beatles, McCartney and Lennon began writing songs together at their childhood homes in Liverpool. Lennon suggested that all songs written by either one of the pair (whether written individually or in a collaborative effort) should be credited to both of them, in an effort to emulate the familiarity of the Leiber–Stoller partnership. Between 1962 and 1970 all songs either of them published (including most Beatles songs) were jointly credited. On the Beatles' first album, Please Please Me, the credit appeared as "McCartney−Lennon"; on all later albums Lennon's name appeared first.

As a result of this mutual agreement, songwriting royalties for the bulk of the Beatles' catalog were shared equally between the two.


The nature and billing order of the dual credit was an occasional source of controversy. When McCartney released his solo live album Wings Over America in 1976, the songwriting credits for five included Beatles songs were reversed to place McCartney's name first; Lennon's wife Yoko Ono publicly objected to the change, though Lennon himself made no public statement. When John Lennon's 1997 compilation of solo hits, Lennon Legend: The Very Best of John Lennon, was released, "Give Peace a Chance", a song that had previously been credited to Lennon-McCartney, was listed as being composed solely by John Lennon. In the 1990s and early 2000s, McCartney attempted to have the official credit reversed to "McCartney-Lennon" on a number of songs which he wrote independently, most notably "Yesterday," but this change was opposed by Lennon's estate. In a February 2005 statement, however, McCartney stated that "…it's something that I don't have a problem with any more."[1]

Other credits

A number of songs primarily written by the duo and recorded by The Beatles were credited to persons in addition to Lennon and McCartney. "What Goes On" was credited to Lennon-McCartney-Starkey, while "Flying" and "Dig It", as well as the "Beatles Version" of "Free as a Bird", were credited to Lennon-McCartney-Harrison-Starkey. The German-language versions of "I Want to Hold Your Hand" and "She Loves You" were also credited to additional songwriters for assisting with the translation: "Komm, Gib Mir Deine Hand" was credited to Lennon-McCartney-Nicholas-Heller and "Sie Liebt Dich" was credited to Lennon-McCartney-Nicholas-Montague.

Non-Beatles songs

In the 1960s, many songs credited to Lennon-McCartney were originally released, not by The Beatles, but by other artists, especially those managed by Brian Epstein. The songwriting credit helped launch new artists' careers. Beatles' versions of some of these were recorded: some were not released until after their split, on compilations such as Live at the BBC and The Beatles Anthology.

  • Billy J. Kramer with the Dakotas — "I'll Be on My Way" (1963), "Bad To Me" (1963), "I Call Your Name" (1963), "I'll Keep You Satisfied" (1963), "From a Window" (1964)
  • Tommy Quickly — "Tip of My Tongue" (1963)
  • The Fourmost — "Hello Little Girl" (1963), "I'm In Love" (1963)
  • Cilla Black — "Love of the Loved" (1963), "It's For You" (1964), "Step Inside Love" (1968)
  • The Rolling Stones — "I Wanna Be Your Man" (1963)
  • The Strangers with Mike Shannon — "One And One Is Two" (1964)
  • Peter & Gordon — "Nobody I Know" (1964), "A World Without Love" (1964), "I Don't Want To See You Again" (1965)
  • The Applejacks — "Like Dreamers Do" (1964)
  • P.J. Proby — "That Means a Lot" (1965)
  • John Foster & Sons Ltd Black Dyke Mills Band — "Thingummybob" (1968)
  • Mary Hopkin — "Goodbye" (1969)

In addition, McCartney wrote songs under his own name for other artists prior to The Beatles' split; notably "Catcall" for The Chris Barber Band in 1967, Badfinger's 1969 hit "Come and Get It", and "Penina" recorded by Carlos Mendes (Portugal, 1969) and Jotte Herra (Netherlands, 1970). He also penned the song "Woman" (1966) for Peter & Gordon under the pseudonym Bernard Webb, to see if the song would gain success without his reputation; it did.

See also

  • List of entertainer pairs

External links

  • Who Wrote That? (dubious accuracy for some of the songs listed)
  • The Lennon-McCartney Songwriting Partnership
  • Songs the Beatles Didn't Do compiled by Joseph Brennan; includes Lennon/McCartney songs and others
  • A list of the songs John Lennon and Paul McCartney gave to other artists during the Beatle years originally posted on Usenet 1994-11-09.
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