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  1. Abbey Road (album)
  2. Abbey Road Studios
  3. Across the Universe
  4. A Day in the Life
  5. A Hard Day's Night (film)
  6. A Hard Day's Night (song)
  7. All My Loving
  8. All You Need is Love
  9. And I Love Her
  10. Apple Corps
  11. Apple Records
  12. The Ballad of John and Yoko
  13. Beatlemania
  14. The Beatles
  15. The Beatles Anthology
  16. The Beatles Bootlegs
  17. The Beatles' influence on popular culture
  18. The Beatles line-ups
  19. The Beatles' London
  20. The Beatles Trivia
  21. Blackbird
  22. Brian Epstein
  23. British Invasion
  24. Can't Buy Me Love
  25. Come Together
  26. Day Tripper
  27. Don't Let Me Down
  28. Eight Days a Week
  29. Eleanor Rigby
  30. Fifth Beatle
  31. For No One
  32. Free as a bird
  33. From Me to You
  34. George Harrison
  35. George Martin
  36. Get Back
  37. Girl
  38. Happiness Is A Warm Gun
  39. Hello Goodbye
  40. Help! (album)
  41. Help! (film)
  42. Help
  43. Here Comes the Sun
  44. Here, There and Everywhere
  45. Hey Jude
  46. I Am the Walrus
  47. I Feel Fine
  48. I Wanna Be Your Man
  49. I Want to Hold Your Hand
  50. John Lennon
  51. Lady Madonna
  52. Lennon-McCartney
  53. Let it be
  54. Let It Be (album)
  55. Let It Be (film)
  56. Love me do
  57. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
  58. Magical Mystery Tour (album)
  59. Magical Mystery Tour (film)
  60. Michelle
  61. Northern Songs
  62. Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)
  63. Nowhere man
  64. Paperback Writer
  65. Paul McCartney
  66. Penny Lane
  67. Phil Spector
  68. Please Please Me
  69. The Quarrymen
  70. Real Love
  71. Revolution
  72. Revolver (album)
  73. Ringo Starr
  74. Rubber Soul (album)
  75. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
  76. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (song)
  77. She Loves You
  78. Something
  79. Strawberry Fields Forever
  80. Taxman
  81. The Beatles discography
  82. The Fool on the Hill
  83. The Long and Winding Road
  84. The White Album
  85. Ticket to Ride
  86. Twist and Shout
  87. We Can Work It Out
  88. When I'm Sixty-Four
  89. With A Little Help From My Friends
  90. Yellow Submarine
  91. Yellow Submarine (album)
  92. Yellow Submarine (film)
  93. Yesterday
  94. Yoko Ono


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A Hard Day's Night (film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article is about the film. For the soundtrack, see A Hard Day's Night (album). For the song, see A Hard Day's Night (song).

A Hard Day's Night (1964) is a British comedy film written by Alun Owen and starring The Beatles during the height of Beatlemania. The director was Richard Lester, the producer Walter Shenson and the director of photography Gilbert Taylor. In addition to The Beatles, cast members included Wilfrid Brambell, Norman Rossington, John Junkin, Lionel Blair, Victor Spinetti, John Bluthal and Derek Nimmo. The soundtrack album A Hard Day's Night was The Beatles' first. The film premiered on July 6, 1964.


The film was shot for United Artists using a cinéma vérité style in black and white and produced over a period of 16 weeks in the spring of 1964. Black and white was chosen for its lower cost, and the short timescale was because the studio was convinced that Beatlemania would not last beyond the summer of '64. (Their primary interest in making the movie, in fact, was the potential sales from licensing a soundtrack album.) The film also used the innovative technique of cutting the images to the beat of the music, and because of this many see the film as playing a major role in development of modern music videos, especially the "Can't Buy Me Love" segment, which featured creative camera work, and the band running and jumping around in a field.

The film's director, Richard Lester, also directed The Beatles' 1965 film, Help!. He went on to direct several popular motion pictures of the 1970s and 1980s, including The Three Musketeers and Superman II.

Three extras would become famous in their own right. Phil Collins was an extra in the concert sequence and later became the drummer for Genesis. Pattie Boyd later married both George Harrison and Eric Clapton (though at different times). A Hard Day's Night also marks the uncredited film debut of Charlotte Rampling as an attractive young dancer featured prominently in the disco sequences.


Unlike the standard rock and roll movies of the early 1960s, which tended to lack a plot, A Hard Day's Night had a solid, well-written script at the insistence of The Beatles and manager Brian Epstein. Screenwriter Alun Owen was chosen because they were familiar with his play No Trams to Lime Street, and Owen had a knack for Liverpudlian dialogue.

The film chronicles in a mock documentary-style The Beatles arriving at a theatre, rehearsing, and finally performing in a television special. Owen spent several days with the group, who told him their lives were like "a room and a car and a room and a car and a room and car". He realised that by 1964 The Beatles were prisoners of their own fame, and their schedule of performances and studio work by that time was extremely punishing, and this was written into the script. The character of Paul's grandfather refers to this, saying, "I was supposed to be getting a change of scenery, and so far I've been in a train and a room, and a car and a room, and a room and a room."

The film is one of the best depictions of Beatlemania. In various places, The Beatles comment cheekily on their own fame: for instance, at one point a fan recognises John Lennon as being John Lennon; he demurs, saying his face isn't quite right. The fan eventually agrees.


New York Times film critic Bosley Crowther noted the film is also a subtle satire on the image of rock-and-roll music (and The Beatles in particular) as a source of youth rebellion and defiance of authority. In the film, The Beatles are portrayed as likeable young lads who are constantly amazed at the attention they receive and who want nothing more than run around and have a good time; however, they have to deal with screaming crowds, idiot journalists who ask nonsense questions, and authority figures who constantly look down upon them. The biggest troublemaker in the film is an elderly senior citizen, Paul McCartney's "clean" grandfather (played by Wilfrid Brambell).

In 2004 the magazine Total Film named A Hard Day's Night the 42nd greatest British film of all time. In 2005, named it one of the 100 best films of the last 80 years.

It is currently ranked the third greatest film of all time on Rotten Tomatoes.

Title inspired by Ringo-ism

The movie's strange title originated from something said by Ringo Starr, The Beatles' drummer. Starr described it this way in an interview with disc jockey Dave Hull in 1964: "We went to do a job, and we'd worked all day and we happened to work all night. I came up still thinking it was day I suppose, and I said, 'It's been a hard day...' and I looked around and saw it was dark so I said, '...night!' So we came to 'A Hard Day's Night.'"

According to Lennon in a 1980 interview with Playboy magazine: "I was going home in the car and Dick Lester [director of the movie] suggested the title, 'Hard Day's Night' from something Ringo had said. I had used it in 'In His Own Write' [a book Lennon was writing then], but it was an off-the-cuff remark by Ringo. You know, one of those malapropisms. A Ringo-ism, where he said it not to be funny... just said it. So Dick Lester said, 'We are going to use that title.'"

A screenshot of George Harrison and Pattie Boyd on the set.  They married in 1966.
A screenshot of George Harrison and Pattie Boyd on the set. They married in 1966.

In a 1994 interview for The Beatles Anthology, however, McCartney disagreed with Lennon's recollections, basically stating that it was The Beatles and not Lester, who had come up with the idea of using Starr's verbal misstep: "The title was Ringo's. We'd almost finished making the film, and this fun bit arrived that we'd not known about before, which was naming the film. So we were sitting around at Twickenham studios having a little brain-storming session... and we said, 'Well, there was something Ringo said the other day.' Ringo would do these little malapropisms, he would say things slightly wrong, like people do, but his were always wonderful, very lyrical... they were sort of magic even though he was just getting it wrong. And he said after a concert, 'Phew, it's been a hard day's night.'"

In 1996, yet another version of events cropped up — in an Associated Press report, the producer of the movie A Hard Day's Night, Walter Shenson, stated that Lennon described to Shenson some of Starr's funnier gaffes, including "a hard day's night", whereupon Shenson immediately decided that that was going to be the title of the movie (the originally planned title was Beatlemania). Shenson then told Lennon that he needed a theme song for the film. That song, also titled "A Hard Day's Night", became a huge hit.

A Hard Day's Night
A Hard Day's Night

Songs in "A Hard Day's Night"

  • "I'll Cry Instead"
  • "A Hard Day's Night"
  • "I Should Have Known Better"
  • "Can't Buy Me Love"
  • "If I Fell"
  • "And I Love Her"
  • "I'm Happy Just to Dance With You"
  • "Ringo's Theme (This Boy)"
  • "Tell Me Why"
  • "Don't Bother Me"
  • "I Wanna Be Your Man"
  • "All My Loving"
  • "She Loves You"
  • Side A: 1) Any Time At All 2) I'll Cry Instead
  • Side B: 1) Things We Said Today 2) When I Get Home

The EP was only released in Mono and never released in Stereo.

Its catalogue number is Parlophone GEP 8924.

"I'll Cry Instead" was intended for the film but not originally used in the first theatrical release, but it did accompany a prologue for a 1980s reissue by Universal Pictures.


  • Marylebone station in London
  • Crowcombe Heathfield station on the West Somerset Railway

Academy Awards

Extracts from the film

  • The Beatles' Extracts From The Film A Hard Day's Night EP was released November 6, 1964 it consisted of :
  • Side A: 1) I Should Have Known Better 2) If I Fell
  • Side B: 1) Tell Me Why 2) And I Love Her
  • The EP was only released in Mono and never released in Stereo
  • It's Catalogue Number is Parlophone GEP 8920


Release history on VHS and DVD

In 2002 a DVD edition of the film was released. The film had been transferred from the restored 35mm negative. In addition to the original film, the DVD contained a bonus disc with over 7 hours of additional materials including interviews with 29 people including cast and crew members and Beatles associates. The DVD was produced by Beatles historian and producer Martin Lewis - a longtime friend of the film's producer Walter Shenson. It was released by Miramax Home Entertainment.


40th anniversary cast and crew reunion screening

On July 6th 2004 - the exact 40th anniversary of the film's World Premiere - a private cast and crew reunion screening was hosted in London by DVD producer Martin Lewis - and was attended by Sir Paul McCartney, actors Victor Spinetti, John Junkin, David Janson and many crew members. In media interviews at the event, McCartney disclosed that while he had seen the film many times on video - he had not seen the film on the 'big screen' since its 1964 premiere.

External links

  • A Hard Day's Night at the Internet Movie Database
  • The Beatles in West Somerset
  • A Hard Day's Night review by Roger Ebert
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