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  1. Abbey Road (album)
  2. Abbey Road Studios
  3. Across the Universe
  4. A Day in the Life
  5. A Hard Day's Night (film)
  6. A Hard Day's Night (song)
  7. All My Loving
  8. All You Need is Love
  9. And I Love Her
  10. Apple Corps
  11. Apple Records
  12. The Ballad of John and Yoko
  13. Beatlemania
  14. The Beatles
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  16. The Beatles Bootlegs
  17. The Beatles' influence on popular culture
  18. The Beatles line-ups
  19. The Beatles' London
  20. The Beatles Trivia
  21. Blackbird
  22. Brian Epstein
  23. British Invasion
  24. Can't Buy Me Love
  25. Come Together
  26. Day Tripper
  27. Don't Let Me Down
  28. Eight Days a Week
  29. Eleanor Rigby
  30. Fifth Beatle
  31. For No One
  32. Free as a bird
  33. From Me to You
  34. George Harrison
  35. George Martin
  36. Get Back
  37. Girl
  38. Happiness Is A Warm Gun
  39. Hello Goodbye
  40. Help! (album)
  41. Help! (film)
  42. Help
  43. Here Comes the Sun
  44. Here, There and Everywhere
  45. Hey Jude
  46. I Am the Walrus
  47. I Feel Fine
  48. I Wanna Be Your Man
  49. I Want to Hold Your Hand
  50. John Lennon
  51. Lady Madonna
  52. Lennon-McCartney
  53. Let it be
  54. Let It Be (album)
  55. Let It Be (film)
  56. Love me do
  57. Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
  58. Magical Mystery Tour (album)
  59. Magical Mystery Tour (film)
  60. Michelle
  61. Northern Songs
  62. Norwegian Wood (This Bird Has Flown)
  63. Nowhere man
  64. Paperback Writer
  65. Paul McCartney
  66. Penny Lane
  67. Phil Spector
  68. Please Please Me
  69. The Quarrymen
  70. Real Love
  71. Revolution
  72. Revolver (album)
  73. Ringo Starr
  74. Rubber Soul (album)
  75. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
  76. Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (song)
  77. She Loves You
  78. Something
  79. Strawberry Fields Forever
  80. Taxman
  81. The Beatles discography
  82. The Fool on the Hill
  83. The Long and Winding Road
  84. The White Album
  85. Ticket to Ride
  86. Twist and Shout
  87. We Can Work It Out
  88. When I'm Sixty-Four
  89. With A Little Help From My Friends
  90. Yellow Submarine
  91. Yellow Submarine (album)
  92. Yellow Submarine (film)
  93. Yesterday
  94. Yoko Ono


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Apple Corps

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Apple Records' logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple.
Apple Records' logo, featuring a Granny Smith apple.

Apple Corps Ltd. is a multi-armed multimedia corporation, founded in January 1968 by British rock band The Beatles, to replace their earlier company Beatles Ltd. and to form a conglomerate. Its chief division (and the only profitable one) is Apple Records, which was launched in the same year. Other divisions included Apple Electronics, Apple Films, Apple Publishing, and Apple Retail, whose most notable venture was the ill-fated Apple Boutique in London. Its managing director is former Beatles road manager (and accountancy student) Neil Aspinall. Apple's headquarters, in the late-1960s, was at 3 Savile Row in London, known as the Apple Building, which was also home to the Apple Studio.


The Beatles' accountants had informed the group that they had a large amount of capital which they could either invest in a business venture, or else lose it to the tax man[1] In addition to providing an umbrella to cover the Beatles' own financial and business affairs, Apple was intended to provide a means of financial support to anyone in the wider world struggling to get 'worthwhile' artistic projects off the ground[2]. It was pitched to the world's media by John Lennon and Paul McCartney as an attempt at 'Western Communism'.[3] The company name originated with McCartney, coming from a René Magritte painting he'd acquired; 'Apple "Core" (Corps)' was a play on words all the Beatles enjoyed. The ubiquitous logo was designed by Gene Mahon, with illustrator Alan Aldridge transcribing the copyright notice to appear on record releases.

The first two years of the company's existence coincided with a sharp decline in personal relations within the Beatles, ultimately leading to the break-up of the band in 1970. Apple quickly slid into financial chaos, which was only resolved after many years of litigation. When the Beatles' partnership was dissolved in 1975, dissolution of Apple Corps was also considered, but it was decided to keep it going, while effectively retiring all its divisions. The company exists today, mostly performing as the licensing agent for Beatles-related products, and supervising reissues of Apple Records, plus new issues of Beatles recordings and related media. The company is apparently now owned by Apple Corps SA (a Swiss company), and its company secretary is listed as Standby Films Ltd., believed to be a vehicle of managing director Neil Aspinall. The company is currently headquartered at 27 Ovington Square, in London's prestigious Knightsbridge district. Ownership and control of the company remains with Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr and the estates of John Lennon and George Harrison.

Apple Corps has had a long history of trademark disputes with Apple Computer.


Apple Corps operated in various fields, mostly related to the music business, through a number of subsidiaries.

Apple Electronics

Apple Electronics was the electronics division of Apple Corps, originally founded as Fiftyshapes Ltd., and headed by Beatles associate Magic Alex (alias Yanni Alexis Mardas).

Intending to revolutionise the consumer electronics market, largely through products based on Magic Alex's unique (and as it turned out, commercially impractical) designs, the company never made any breakthroughs. Even a planned apple-shaped radio could not be produced at a competitive price, and was ultimately beaten out by Panasonic's 'ball and chain' radio.

After the dismissal of Magic Alex in 1969, during Allen Klein's 'housecleaning' of Apple Corps, Apple Electronics fell victim to the same forces that troubled the company as a whole, including the impending Beatles breakup.

While it never made a dent in the marketplace, Apple Electronics was still considered a viable business entity years later, when Apple Corps and Apple Computer went into litigation.

The Apple Films logo, from the DVD release of Born To Boogie.
The Apple Films logo, from the DVD release of Born To Boogie.

Apple Films

Apple Films was the filmmaking division of Apple Corps. Notable releases included Born To Boogie, Ringo Starr's 1972 documentary about the band T. Rex; Concert For Bangla Desh by George Harrison And Friends (1972); and Son of Dracula, a 1974 horror-musical which teamed Starr with singer Harry Nilsson.

Apple Publishing

Apple's music publishing arm predated even the record company. One of the first artists on its publishing roster was the group Grapefruit. Apple published the group's self-penned songs from early 1968, though Grapefruit's records were mostly released on RCA.

Apple Publishing Ltd was also used as a publishing stop-gap by George Harrison and Ringo Starr, as they sought to shift control of their own songs away from Northern Songs, in which their status was little more than paid writers. (Harrison later started Harrisongs, and Starr created Startling Music.)

Probably Apple's greatest publishing successes were the Badfinger hits, "No Matter What" and "Day After Day", as well as "Without You", also penned by Badfinger's Pete Ham and Tom Evans, and later a massive hit for Harry Nilsson and Mariah Carey. Apple also undertook publishing duties, at various times, for other Apple artists, including Yoko Ono, Billy Preston, Doris Troy, and the Radha Krsna Temple. In 2005, Apple lost the US publishing rights for the work of Ham and Evans.[4] Apple received a large amount of demo tapes,some songs were published,some were issued on other labels and only Gallagher& Lyle were retained as in house writers before going on to co found McGuiness Flint.Many of these demos,including early ones by the Iveys,have been collected on a pair of Cherry Red CDs recently-94 Baker Street and An Apple for the Day

Apple Records and Zapple Records

Main Article: Apple Records.

From 1968 onwards, new releases by The Beatles were issued by Apple Records, although the copyright remained with EMI, and Parlophone/Capitol catalogue numbers were used. Other Apple releases, however, used a new set of numbers, and the copyrights were mostly held by Apple Corps Ltd. Unlike a mere 'vanity label', Apple Records developed an extremely eclectic roster of their own, releasing records by artists as diverse as Indian sitar guru Ravi Shankar, Welsh easy listening songstress Mary Hopkin, the power-pop band Badfinger, classical music composer John Tavener, soul singer Billy Preston, the Modern Jazz Quartet, and even London's Radha Krsna Temple. A shortlived subsidiary, Zapple Records, was intended to release spoken word and avant garde records, but folded after just two releases: John Lennon and Yoko Ono's Life with the Lions, and George Harrison's Electronic Sound.

Apple Retail

Main Article: Apple Boutique.

The Apple Boutique was a retail store, located at 94 Baker Street in London, England, and was one of the first business ventures made by the fledgling Apple Corps. The store opened on December 7, 1967, and closed its doors for the last time on July 30, 1968.

Apple Studio

Apple Studio was a recording studio, located in the basement of the Apple Corps headquarters at 3 Savile Row.

Originally designed by Magic Alex (of Apple Electronics), the initial installation proved to be unworkable, with almost no standard studio features (such as a patch bay, or a talkback system between the studio and the control room, let alone Alex's promised innovations), and had to be scrapped. The Beatles recorded (and filmed) portions of their album Let It Be in the Apple Studio, with equipment borrowed from EMI, and during takes they had to shut down the building's central heating (also located in the basement), because of the lack of soundproofing.

Redesigning and rebuilding the basement to accommodate proper recording facilities took eighteen months, and necessitated ‘floating’ the townhouse; a difficult engineering task. The work was completed in 1970 and 1971, and the rebuilt studio (including its own natural echo chamber) offered a wide range of recording and mastering facilities, and could turn out mono, stereo and quadrophonic master tapes and discs. In 1971, it would have cost £37 an hour to record to 16 track, £29 an hour to mix to stereo, and £12 to cut a 12” master.

The studio became a second home for Apple Records artists (though they also used Abbey Road and other studios), and other artists such as Harry Nilsson, Wishbone Ash, Viv Stanshall, Lou Reizner, Clodagh Rodgers, Kilburn and the High Roads, and Marc Bolan (as shown in the movie Born To Boogie) also worked there; the existence of acetates by numerous performers is evidence the studio was widely used.

When the disbanded Beatles finally moved their offices away from Savile Row in the mid-1970s, the studio was closed permanently.

Legal battles with Apple Computer

Main article: Apple Corps v. Apple Computer

In 1978, Apple Records filed suit against Apple Computer for trademark infringement. The suit settled in 1981 with an amount of $80,000 being paid to Apple Corps. As a condition of the settlement, Apple Computer agreed to stay out of the music business. The case arose in 1989 again when Apple Corps sued, claiming Apple Computer's machines' ability to playback MIDI music was a violation of the 1981 settlement agreement. In 1991 another settlement of around $26.5 million was reached.[5][6] In September 2003 Apple Computer was sued by Apple Corps again, this time for introducing the iTunes Music Store and the iPod which Apple Corps believed was a violation of the previous agreement by Apple not to distribute music.[7] The trial opened on March 29, 2006 in the UK[8] and in a judgement issued on May 8, 2006, Apple Corps lost the case.[9][10][6]


  • DiLello, Richard (1973). The Longest Cocktail Party: An Insider's Diary of the Beatles, Their Million-dollar Apple Empire and Its Wild Rise and Fall, Canongate Books Ltd. ISBN 1-84195-602-3.


  1. ^ . 'Our accountant came up and said, We got this amount of money. Do you want to give it to the government or do something with it?" So we decided to play businessmen for a bit, because we've got to run our own affairs now. So, we've got this thing called 'Apple' which is going to be records, films, and electronics - which all tie up.' John Lennon, Beatles interview on The Tonight Show, 14 May, 1968. (link)
  2. ^ Lennon: 'It's a company we're setting up, involving records, films, and electronics, and - as a sideline - manufacturing or whatever. We want to set up a system where people who just want to make a film about anything, don't have to go on their knees in somebody's office. Probably yours.'Said Paul McCartney: 'It's just trying to mix business with enjoyment. We're in the happy position of not needing any more money. So for the first time, the bosses aren't in it for profit. We've already bought all our dreams. We want to share that possibility with others.'Beatles press conference, announcing the launch of Apple, 1968 (link)
  3. ^ Paul McCartney: 'A beautiful place where you can buy beautiful things… a controlled weirdness… a kind of Western communism.' (link)
  4. ^ Dan Matovina, Badfinger biographer and representative (link)
  5. ^ Apple vs. Apple: Perfect harmony?
  6. ^ a b Transcript of full judgement in the 2006 case. The Times, 8 May 2006 ([1])
  7. ^ Apple v Apple: What is at the core of The Beatles’ Apple Records vs. Apple Ipod…
  8. ^ Apple giants do battle in court
  9. ^ Breaking news: "Apple Computer wins court battle with Beatles", Reuters, 8 May 2006 (link)
  10. ^ Brandle, L. "Apple Computer Triumphs In Beatles Case", Billboard, 8 May 2006 (link)

External link

  • Official site
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