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LA GRAMMATICA DI ENGLISH GRATIS IN VERSIONE MOBILE   INFORMATIVA PRIVACY

  NUOVA SEZIONE ELINGUE

 

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                                         IL Metodo  |  Grammatica  |  RISPOSTE GRAMMATICALI  |  Multiblog  |  INSEGNARE AGLI ADULTI  |  INSEGNARE AI BAMBINI  |  AudioBooks  |  RISORSE SFiziosE  |  Articoli  |  Tips  | testi pAralleli  |  VIDEO SOTTOTITOLATI
                                                                                         ESERCIZI :   Serie 1 - 2 - 3  - 4 - 5  SERVIZI:   Pronunciatore di inglese - Dizionario - Convertitore IPA/UK - IPA/US - Convertitore di valute in lire ed euro                                              

 

 

WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
?????????

ART
- Great Painters
BUSINESS&LAW
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
CARS
- Concept Cars
GAMES&SPORT
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY
- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

EDUCATION
- Education
LITERATURE
- Masterpieces of English Literature
LINGUISTICS
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

MEDICINE
- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
MUSIC&DANCE
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
SCIENCE
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
LIFESTYLE
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
TRADITIONS
- Christmas Traditions
NATURE
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables


ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Answers.com
  2. Bliki
  3. Blocking of Wikipedia in mainland China
  4. Blog
  5. Bomis
  6. Citizendium
  7. Collaborative editing
  8. Collaborative real-time editor
  9. Collaborative software
  10. Collaborative writing
  11. Comparison of wiki software
  12. Corporate wiki
  13. Creative Commons
  14. Enciclopedia Libre
  15. Encyclopaedia Britannica
  16. Ensemble collaboration
  17. FileReplacement
  18. Free content
  19. GNU Free Documentation License
  20. GNUpedia
  21. History of Wikipedia
  22. International Music Score Library Project
  23. InterWiki
  24. IP address
  25. Italian Wikipedia
  26. Jimmy Wales
  27. John Seigenthaler Sr. Wikipedia biography controversy
  28. Larry Sanger
  29. Lexipedia
  30. List of wikis
  31. List of wiki software
  32. Living Platform
  33. LyricWiki
  34. Nupedia
  35. Open Site
  36. Peer review
  37. Peer-to-peer wiki
  38. Personal wiki
  39. Placeopedia
  40. Reliability of Wikipedia
  41. Semapedia
  42. SourceWatch
  43. Structured wiki
  44. TWiki
  45. Uncyclopedia
  46. Unilang
  47. Wapedia
  48. Wiki
  49. Wikia
  50. Wikibooks
  51. Wikifonia
  52. Wikijunior
  53. Wikileaks
  54. Wikimapia
  55. Wikimedia Commons
  56. Wikimedia Foundation
  57. Wikinews
  58. Wikinfo
  59. Wikipedia
  60. 2006 Wikipedia CD Selection
  61. Wikipedia in popular culture
  62. Wikiquote
  63. Wiki software
  64. Wikisource
  65. Wikispecies
  66. Wikitext
  67. Wikitravel
  68. Wikiversity
  69. WikiWax
  70. Wikiweise
  71. WikiZnanie
  72. Wikocracy
  73. Wiktionary

 

 



WIKIPEDIA, THE FREE ENCYCLOPAEDIA
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Commons

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Wikimedia Commons

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

The Wikimedia Commons (also called "Wikicommons") is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. Like Wikipedia, it is a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. It provides a common resource repository to all the various Wikimedia sister projects in any language.

The files uploaded to the Commons repository can be used like locally uploaded files on all other projects on the Wikimedia servers in all languages, including Wikipedia, Wikibooks, Wikisource and Wikinews, or downloaded for offsite use, as all of the content is either in the public domain or released under free licenses such as the GNU Free Documentation License.

History

The project was proposed by Erik Mller in March 2004 and launched on September 7, 2004.[citation needed] A key motivation behind the setup of a central repository was a desire to reduce duplication of effort across the Wikimedia projects and languages, as the same file had to be uploaded to many different wikis separately before the Commons was created. The technical feature to use any file from the Commons on any Wikimedia project was implemented and enabled in October 2004[1], which led to rapid adoption of Commons as a repository. The project logo was created by Reid Beels, who had initially submitted it to a logo contest for Wikinews. It was entered into the Commons logo competition, which it won, and was officially adopted in November 2004. [2]

In April 2005, Directmedia Publishing, a Berlin company which also publishes a German language edition of Wikipedia on DVD, donated a collection of 10,000 reproductions of public domain paintings to Wikimedia Commons, which were uploaded together with metadata about the art and its creators. [3]

On May 24, 2005, Wikimedia Commons reached a milestone of 100,000 uploaded media files (excluding thousands of weather and market data images for Wikinews). It also received an honorary mention at the 2005 Prix Ars Electronica awards in May 2005. [4]

Over time, additional functionality has been developed to interface Wikimedia Commons with the Wikimedia projects. Daniel Kinzler (known in the Commons community as "Duesentrieb") wrote applications for finding appropriate categories for uploaded files ("CommonSense"), determining the usage of files across the Wikimedia projects ("CheckUsage"), locating images with missing copyright information ("UntaggedImages"), and relaying information about administrative actions such as deletions to the relevant wikis ("CommonsTicker"). Lack of cross-project communications has sometimes caused friction within the Wikimedia community, and many recent development efforts have focused on improving communications and decision-making processes.

Specialized uploading tools and scripts such as "Commonist" have been created to simplify the process of uploading large numbers of files. In order to review free content photos uploaded to Flickr, users can participate in a collaborative external review process ("FlickrLickr"), which has resulted in more than 8,000 uploads to Commons.[5]

Policies and usage

Most Wikimedia projects still allow local uploads which are not visible to other projects or languages, but this option is meant to be used primarily for material which local project policies allow, but which would not be permitted according to the copyright policy of the Commons, such as fair use content. Wikimedia Commons itself does not allow fair use or uploads under non-free licenses, including licenses which restrict commercial use of materials or disallow derivative works. Licenses that are acceptable include the GNU Free Documentation License, Creative Commons Attribution and ShareAlike licenses[6], and the public domain.

Given its primary function as a supporting project for the other Wikimedia web sites, the main content policy for files uploaded to the Commons is that they must be potentially useful on any of the Wikimedia projects. This excludes material such as purely personal pictures and artwork, in contrast to image sharing repositories like Flickr, Facebook and DeviantART. Nevertheless, large numbers of files hosted on the Commons are not used directly on any Wikimedia project and likely never will be; as such, the project has grown into a repository of multimedia in its own right, which is frequently linked to from articles on Wikipedia and other Wikimedia websites to provide supplemental materials.

The default language for the Commons is English, but registered users can customize their interface to use any other available user interface translations. Many content pages, in particular policy pages and portals, have also been translated into various languages. Files on the Wikimedia Commons are categorized using MediaWiki's category system. In addition, they are often collected on individual topical gallery pages. While the project was originally proposed to also contain free text files, these continue to be hosted on a sister project, Wikisource.

See also

  • Creative Commons - a project providing free content licenses and a directory of freely licensed works
  • Internet Archive - the largest freely accessible online collection of videos
  • Project Gutenberg - the largest freely accessible collection of documents (including books and sheet music)
  • Ourmedia - a community media archive


 

References

  1. ^ Wikimedia Commons support enabled. Retrieved on 2006-03-13.
  2. ^ Commons:Commons:Logo/Vote
  3. ^ Commons:Commons:10,000 paintings from Directmedia
  4. ^ Commons:Commons:Press releases/100K
  5. ^ FlickrLickr edit count, retrieved on March 4, 2007
  6. ^ See Creative Commons licenses, of which "NonCommercial" and "NoDerivs" can not be used on Wikimedia Commons.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikimedia Commons
Meta has a page about this at:
Wikimedia Commons
  • Wikimedia Commons
  • Commonist, a Java tool for uploading files to the Wikimedia Commons
  • CommonsHelper, an online tool for moving files to the Wikimedia Commons


 

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikimedia_Commons"