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WIKIBOOKS
DISPONIBILI
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ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Act of parliament
  2. Administrative law
  3. Adversarial system
  4. Affidavit
  5. Allegation
  6. Alternative dispute resolution
  7. Arbitration
  8. Arrest warrant
  9. Attorney
  10. Attorney General
  11. Bail
  12. Barrister
  13. Burdens of proof
  14. Capital punishment
  15. Civil code
  16. Civil law
  17. Common law
  18. Complaint
  19. Conciliation
  20. Constitutional law
  21. Consumer Protection
  22. Contract
  23. Conviction
  24. Corporate manslaughter
  25. Court
  26. Court of Appeal of England and Wales
  27. Crime
  28. Criminal jurisdiction
  29. Criminal law
  30. Criminal procedure
  31. Cross-examination
  32. Crown attorney
  33. Crown Court
  34. Defendant
  35. Dispute resolution
  36. English law
  37. Evidence
  38. Extradition
  39. Felony
  40. Grand jury
  41. Habeas corpus
  42. Hearsay in English Law
  43. High Court judge
  44. Indictable offence
  45. Indictment
  46. Inquisitorial system
  47. Intellectual property
  48. Judge
  49. Judgment
  50. Judicial economy
  51. Judicial remedy
  52. Jurisdictions
  53. Jurisprudence
  54. Jurist
  55. Jury
  56. Jury trial
  57. Justice
  58. Law
  59. Law of obligations
  60. Law of the United States
  61. Lawsuit
  62. Legal profession
  63. Magistrate
  64. Mediation
  65. Miscarriage of justice
  66. Napoleonic Code
  67. Negotiation
  68. Notary public
  69. Old Bailey
  70. Online Dispute Resolution
  71. Plaintiff
  72. Pleading
  73. Power of attorney
  74. Practice of law
  75. Probable cause
  76. Property law
  77. Prosecutor
  78. Public international law
  79. Public law
  80. Right to silence
  81. Roman law
  82. Scientific evidence
  83. Search warrant
  84. Seventh Amendment to the United States Constitution
  85. Solicitors
  86. Statute
  87. Statute of limitations
  88. Supreme Court of the United States
  89. Testimony
  90. Tort
  91. Torture
  92. Trial by ordeal
  93. Trusts
  94. Verdict
 



FUNDAMENTALS OF LAW
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Court_of_Appeal_of_England_and_Wales

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

Court of Appeal of England and Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

Her Majesty's Court of Appeal is the second most senior court in the English legal system, with only the Judicial Committee of the House of Lords above it.

The Court is divided into two Divisions: the Civil Division and the Criminal Division. The Master of the Rolls presides over the Civil Division, while the Lord Chief Justice does the same in the Criminal Division. The other permanent judges of the Court of Appeal are known as Lords Justices of Appeal. The court hears appeals from the High Court and, in criminal matters, the Crown Court, although there are rights of appeal to it from other courts and tribunals. Permission to appeal may be required from the court below or from the Court of Appeal itself.

Three judges, sitting as a panel, normally hear an appeal in the Court of Appeal, reaching a decision by a majority. A single Lord Justice of Appeal may hear applications for permission to appeal.

Because the volume of cases which come to the Court of Appeal is higher than come to the House of Lords it has been said that the Master of the Rolls is the most influential judge in England. Certainly, the most famous judge in recent legal history, Lord Denning, was Master of the Rolls for many years, and played a major part in the development of the common law.

See List of Lords Justices of Appeal for the current members of the Court.

Civil Division

The Civil Division is presided over by the Master of the Rolls. It hears most civil appeals from decisions of the High Court and many from County Courts, as well as from certain Tribunals (including:

  • Employment Appeal Tribunal
  • Lands Tribunal
  • Asylum and Immigration Tribunal after a decision made by a three member tribunal.)

The Civil Division of the Court of Appeal was created by the Judicature Acts in 1875 as the Court of Appeal (criminal appeals being dealt with by the Court for Crown Cases Reserved). It merged the Court of Appeal in Chancery, a common law court of error (popularly known as a "court of appeal") and the appellate jurisdiction of the Privy Council in admiralty and ecclesiastical matters.

Appeal from a decision of the Civil Division may be made to the House of Lords with permission of either court.

Criminal Division

The Criminal Division is presided over by the Lord Chief Justice and has jurisdiction over the following matters:

  • Appeals by the defendant against conviction or sentence given at a trial on indictment in the Crown Court
  • References by the Attorney-General under Section 36 of the Criminal Justice Act 1972:
    • on a point of law after an acquittal on indictment
    • against unduly lenient sentences
  • Quashing tainted acquittals under Section 54 of the Criminal Procedure and Investigations Act 1996
  • Referrals by the Criminal Cases Review Commission of any conviction or sentence of any person tried in the Crown Court

Grounds for Appeal

The court of appeal may allow an appeal for three reasons:[1]

  • the conviction is unsafe or unsatisfactory
  • there was a wrong decision on a question of law
  • a material irregularity in the course of the trial

The court of appeal has wide powers of calling witnesses and evidence, including witnesses who were called at the original trial[2].

Many other countries have an automatic right of appeal, which addresses the possibility that a jury may have come to a mistaken verdict. There is no such right in England and Wales.

History

The Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal is a successor to the Court for Crown Cases Reserved, which was established in 1848. A trial judge could chose to reserve a case for decision if he thought there was a matter of law which required fuller consideration.

In 1907, the Court of Criminal Appeal was created to replace the Court for Crown Cases Reserved, consisting of the Lord Chief Justice and the judges of the King's Bench Division of the High Court. At this time a defendant was given the right of appeal. In 1966 the Court of Criminal Appeal became the current Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal.

Onward Appeal

Appeals from the Criminal Division of the Court of Appeal may be made to the House of Lords. Such appeals require not only the permission of either court, but the Court of Appeal must also certify a question of general public importance to be decided by the House of Lords. This means that the Court of Appeal can control the cases which are appealed from it.

The certification of a question of general public importance does not necessarily mean that either court will give permission to appeal. For example, in R v Goodwin (on the question of whether a powered water craft is a ship), the Court of Appeal certified a number of questions but neither it nor the House of Lords gave permission to appeal.

External links

  • Criminal Division home page
  • Civil Division home page
  • Conan Doyle and the Parson's son:The George Edaji Case - Cases which led to the setting up of the Court of Appeal
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Court_of_Appeal_of_England_and_Wales"

 

 

 

 

 
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