- Great Painters
- Accounting
- Fundamentals of Law
- Marketing
- Shorthand
- Concept Cars
- Videogames
- The World of Sports

- Blogs
- Free Software
- Google
- My Computer

- PHP Language and Applications
- Wikipedia
- Windows Vista

- Education
- Masterpieces of English Literature
- American English

- English Dictionaries
- The English Language

- Medical Emergencies
- The Theory of Memory
- The Beatles
- Dances
- Microphones
- Musical Notation
- Music Instruments
- Batteries
- Nanotechnology
- Cosmetics
- Diets
- Vegetarianism and Veganism
- Christmas Traditions
- Animals

- Fruits And Vegetables


  1. Adobe Reader
  2. Adware
  3. Altavista
  4. AOL
  5. Apple Macintosh
  6. Application software
  7. Arrow key
  8. Artificial Intelligence
  9. ASCII
  10. Assembly language
  11. Automatic translation
  12. Avatar
  13. Babylon
  14. Bandwidth
  15. Bit
  16. BitTorrent
  17. Black hat
  18. Blog
  19. Bluetooth
  20. Bulletin board system
  21. Byte
  22. Cache memory
  23. Celeron
  24. Central processing unit
  25. Chat room
  26. Client
  27. Command line interface
  28. Compiler
  29. Computer
  30. Computer bus
  31. Computer card
  32. Computer display
  33. Computer file
  34. Computer games
  35. Computer graphics
  36. Computer hardware
  37. Computer keyboard
  38. Computer networking
  39. Computer printer
  40. Computer program
  41. Computer programmer
  42. Computer science
  43. Computer security
  44. Computer software
  45. Computer storage
  46. Computer system
  47. Computer terminal
  48. Computer virus
  49. Computing
  50. Conference call
  51. Context menu
  52. Creative commons
  53. Creative Commons License
  54. Creative Technology
  55. Cursor
  56. Data
  57. Database
  58. Data storage device
  59. Debuggers
  60. Demo
  61. Desktop computer
  62. Digital divide
  63. Discussion groups
  64. DNS server
  65. Domain name
  66. DOS
  67. Download
  68. Download manager
  69. DVD-ROM
  70. DVD-RW
  71. E-mail
  72. E-mail spam
  73. File Transfer Protocol
  74. Firewall
  75. Firmware
  76. Flash memory
  77. Floppy disk drive
  78. GNU
  79. GNU General Public License
  80. GNU Project
  81. Google
  82. Google AdWords
  83. Google bomb
  84. Graphics
  85. Graphics card
  86. Hacker
  87. Hacker culture
  88. Hard disk
  89. High-level programming language
  90. Home computer
  91. HTML
  92. Hyperlink
  93. IBM
  94. Image processing
  95. Image scanner
  96. Instant messaging
  97. Instruction
  98. Intel
  99. Intel Core 2
  100. Interface
  101. Internet
  102. Internet bot
  103. Internet Explorer
  104. Internet protocols
  105. Internet service provider
  106. Interoperability
  107. IP addresses
  108. IPod
  109. Joystick
  110. JPEG
  111. Keyword
  112. Laptop computer
  113. Linux
  114. Linux kernel
  115. Liquid crystal display
  116. List of file formats
  117. List of Google products
  118. Local area network
  119. Logitech
  120. Machine language
  121. Mac OS X
  122. Macromedia Flash
  123. Mainframe computer
  124. Malware
  125. Media center
  126. Media player
  127. Megabyte
  128. Microsoft
  129. Microsoft Windows
  130. Microsoft Word
  131. Mirror site
  132. Modem
  133. Motherboard
  134. Mouse
  135. Mouse pad
  136. Mozilla Firefox
  137. Mp3
  138. MPEG
  139. MPEG-4
  140. Multimedia
  141. Musical Instrument Digital Interface
  142. Netscape
  143. Network card
  144. News ticker
  145. Office suite
  146. Online auction
  147. Online chat
  148. Open Directory Project
  149. Open source
  150. Open source software
  151. Opera
  152. Operating system
  153. Optical character recognition
  154. Optical disc
  155. output
  156. PageRank
  157. Password
  158. Pay-per-click
  159. PC speaker
  160. Peer-to-peer
  161. Pentium
  162. Peripheral
  163. Personal computer
  164. Personal digital assistant
  165. Phishing
  166. Pirated software
  167. Podcasting
  168. Pointing device
  169. POP3
  170. Programming language
  171. QuickTime
  172. Random access memory
  173. Routers
  174. Safari
  175. Scalability
  176. Scrollbar
  177. Scrolling
  178. Scroll wheel
  179. Search engine
  180. Security cracking
  181. Server
  182. Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
  183. Skype
  184. Social software
  185. Software bug
  186. Software cracker
  187. Software library
  188. Software utility
  189. Solaris Operating Environment
  190. Sound Blaster
  191. Soundcard
  192. Spam
  193. Spamdexing
  194. Spam in blogs
  195. Speech recognition
  196. Spoofing attack
  197. Spreadsheet
  198. Spyware
  199. Streaming media
  200. Supercomputer
  201. Tablet computer
  202. Telecommunications
  203. Text messaging
  204. Trackball
  205. Trojan horse
  206. TV card
  207. Unicode
  208. Uniform Resource Identifier
  209. Unix
  210. URL redirection
  211. USB flash drive
  212. USB port
  213. User interface
  214. Vlog
  215. Voice over IP
  216. Warez
  217. Wearable computer
  218. Web application
  219. Web banner
  220. Web browser
  221. Web crawler
  222. Web directories
  223. Web indexing
  224. Webmail
  225. Web page
  226. Website
  227. Wiki
  228. Wikipedia
  229. WIMP
  230. Windows CE
  231. Windows key
  232. Windows Media Player
  233. Windows Vista
  234. Word processor
  235. World Wide Web
  236. Worm
  237. XML
  238. X Window System
  239. Yahoo
  240. Zombie computer

This article is from:

Mozilla Firefox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Mozilla Firefox is a free, open source, cross-platform graphical web browser developed by the Mozilla Corporation and hundreds of unpaid workers.[1] Started as a fork of the browser component (Navigator) of the Mozilla Application Suite, Firefox has replaced the Mozilla Suite as the Mozilla Foundation's flagship product. Firefox is often abbreviated as FF; officially it is Fx or fx.[2]

Firefox has been positively reviewed in various media outlets, including Forbes[3] and the Wall Street Journal,[4]. 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004. With over 25 million downloads in the 99 days after the initial 1.0 release, Firefox became one of the most downloaded open source applications, especially among home users.[5] Firefox 2 was released on October 24, 2006 and downloaded over 2 million times within 24 hours.[6]

As of September 2006, Firefox's usage share is around 12% of overall browser usage (see market adoption below), with its highest usage in Germany (about 39% as of July 2006).[7]


For more details on this topic, see History of Mozilla Firefox.

Dave Hyatt and Blake Ross began working on the Firefox project as an experimental branch of the Mozilla project. They believed that the commercial requirements of Netscape's sponsorship and developer-driven feature creep compromised the utility of the Mozilla browser.[citation needed] To combat what they saw as the Mozilla Suite's software bloat, they created a pared-down browser, with which they intended to replace the Mozilla Suite. On April 3, 2003, The Mozilla Organization announced that they planned to change their focus from the Mozilla Suite to Firefox and Thunderbird.[8]

The Firefox project has gone through many name changes through its history. Originally titled Phoenix, it had to be renamed because of trademark issues with Phoenix Technologies. The replacement name, Firebird, provoked an intense response from the Firebird free database software project. In response, the Mozilla Foundation stated that the browser should always bear the name Mozilla Firebird in order to avoid confusion with the database software. Continuing pressure from the database server's development community forced another change, and on February 9, 2004, Mozilla Firebird became Mozilla Firefox (or Firefox for short).[9]

The Firefox project went through many versions before 1.0 was released on November 9, 2004. Aside from stability and security fixes, the Mozilla Foundation released one major update to Firefox—version 1.5, on November 29, 2005—before the debut of Firefox 2.

On October 24, 2006, Mozilla released Firefox 2. This version includes improvements to the tabbed browsing environment; improvements to the extensions manager; improvements to the GUI; enhancements to the find, search and software update engines; a new session restore feature; inline spell checking; and anti-phishing features which were implemented by Google[10] as an extension and later merged into the program itself.[11]


Main article: Features of Mozilla Firefox

The developers of Firefox aimed to produce a browser that "just works" (in their own words) [citation needed] for most users. User-created extensions and plugins can be installed to integrate with Firefox giving a range of choices for the user. The main features included with Firefox are tabbed browsing, incremental find, live bookmarking, a customizable download manager and a built-in Search toolbar. The user can customize their version of Firefox with downloadable extensions, a variety of different themes and skins, and many advanced preferences that are accessible via the about:config page.[12]

Mozilla Firefox supports many software standards, including, but not restricted to: HTML, XML, XHTML, CSS, ECMAScript (JavaScript), DOM, MathML, DTD, XSL, SVG, XPath and PNG images with alpha transparency. Firefox release builds do not yet pass the Acid2 standards-compliance test. There are developmental versions of Firefox that currently pass the Acid2 test, and Firefox 3 is expected to pass Acid2.[13]

Mozilla Firefox is a multi-platform browser, providing support for various versions of Microsoft Windows, including 98, 98SE, Me, NT 4.0, 2000, XP, and Server 2003. It also runs on Mac OS X, and on Linux-based operating systems using the X Window System. Although not officially released for certain operating systems, the freely available source code works for many other operating systems, including but not restricted to: FreeBSD [14], OS/2, Solaris, SkyOS, BeOS and more recently, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition.[15]

Firefox also provides an environment for web developers in which they can use built-in tools or extensions. These include the built-in JavaScript Console, and the DOM Inspector, Venkman JavaScript debugger, and the Web Developer [16] extensions.

The fact that Firefox has fewer and less severe publicly known unpatched security vulnerabilities than Internet Explorer (see Comparison of web browsers) is generally considered to be due to the much greater popularity of IE, though has been cited as a reason to switch from Internet Explorer to Firefox for improved security.[17][18][19] A 2006 Symantec study showed that Firefox had surpassed other browsers including Internet Explorer in the number of vendor-confirmed vulnerabilities that year through to September, though these were patched more quickly than vulnerabilities found in IE and other browsers.[20] Symantec later clarified their statement, saying that Firefox still had fewer security vulnerabilities, as counted by security researchers.[21]

Firefox uses SSL/TLS to protect communications with web servers using strong cryptography when using the HTTPS protocol.[22] It also supports smartcards for secure login to web servers. It uses a sandbox security model[23] and the developers use a "bug bounty" scheme, for finding fixes for some security[24] and feature additions. Official guidelines for handling security vulnerabilities discourage early disclosure of vulnerabilities so as not to give potential attackers an advantage in creating exploits. [25]


Internet Week ran an article in which many readers reported high memory usage in Firefox 1.5.[26] Mozilla developers said the higher memory use of Firefox 1.5 is sometimes at least partially an effect of the new fast backwards and forwards (FastBack) feature.[27] Other known causes of memory problems are misbehaving extensions, such as Google Toolbar and some old versions of Adblock [28] or plug-ins, such as older versions of Adobe Acrobat Reader[29]. When PC Magazine compared memory usage of Firefox, Opera, and Internet Explorer, they found that Firefox seemed to use only about as much memory as the other browsers.[30] Tests performed by PC World and Zimbra indicate that Firefox 2 uses less memory than Internet Explorer 7.[31][32]

Softpedia notes that Firefox takes longer to start up than other browsers[33] and browser speed tests confirm this to be the case.[34] IE also launches slightly faster than Firefox on Microsoft Windows since many of its components are built into Windows and are loaded during system startup.[34]

Future development

According to the roadmap, future Firefox development will include version 3.0. Development on version 3.0, which will be based on Gecko 1.9, occurs simultaneously on the Mozilla trunk. Newer versions of Firefox will use Cairo as the rendering layer instead of GDI+.[35]

Version 3.0

The logo of Minefield development trunk builds
The logo of Minefield development trunk builds
Mozilla Firefox (codename Minefield), trunk build (pre-Alpha) running on Windows XP
Mozilla Firefox (codename Minefield), trunk build (pre-Alpha) running on Windows XP

The development name for Mozilla Firefox 3 is Gran Paradiso.[36] The precursory releases were codenamed "Minefield", as this was the name of the trunk builds. "Gran Paradiso", like other Firefox development names, is an actual place; in this case a national park in Italy. With the release of version 3.0 alpha 1 on December 8, 2006, it adopted the "Gran Paradiso" codename.[37] The estimated release date for Firefox 3 is in November 2007.[38]

The largest change for Firefox 3 will be the implementation of Gecko 1.9, an updated layout engine (more correctly big changes to the reflow code and migration of nsTextFrame to the Thebes infrastructure). Firefox 3 will also include several new features and some that were bumped from Firefox 2, such as the overhauled Places system for storing bookmarks and history in an SQLite backend.[39] Due to lack of support for Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows Me, and Windows NT 4.0 in Cairo, and because Microsoft decided to end support for Windows 98 and Windows Me on July 11, 2006 , Firefox 3 will not run on those operating systems.[40][41] Unlike previous versions, Firefox 3 on Mac OS X will use a Cocoa widget implementation.[42]

The development team is also asking that Firefox users submit feature requests that they wish to be included in Firefox 3.[43]

Version 4.0

On October 13, 2006, Brendan Eich, Mozilla's Chief Technology Officer, wrote about the plans for Mozilla 2.0, the platform on which Firefox 4 is likely to be based. These changes include improving and removing XPCOM APIs, switching to standard C++ features, just-in-time compilation with JavaScript 2 (known as the Tamarin project), and tool-time and runtime security checks.[44][45]


Firefox is an open-source application, whose source-code is tri-licensed under the Mozilla Public License (MPL), GNU General Public License (GPL), and the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL). The licenses permit anyone to view the source code, as well as modifying and redistributing it. Netscape and Flock are examples of software based on Firefox code. Mozilla Firefox as an end-user product however is licensed under the Mozilla EULA and contains several elements with copyright and trademark restrictions (amongst others the Firefox brand name and logo images) that do not fall under the tri-license.

In the past, Firefox was licensed solely under the MPL.[46] The Free Software Foundation (FSF) criticizes the MPL for being weak copyleft; the license permits, in limited ways, proprietary, derivative works. Code under the MPL also cannot be legally linked with code under the GPL or the LGPL.[47][48] To address these concerns, Mozilla tri-licensed Firefox under the MPL, GPL, and LGPL, which permits developers to use whichever license they wish in creating derivative works. The effect of the tri-licensing is that developers can legally link Firefox code with GPL or LGPL code, but still allows them to create proprietary, derivative works (though not both at once). [46]

The FSF considers the official Firefox binaries released by Mozilla to not be free software because they include the proprietary crash reporter Talkback, have trademark restrictions on the Firefox name and artwork, and force the user to accept a clickwrap agreement (the latter only applies to the Windows version).[49] Google and Mozilla developers are working on Airbag, an open-source replacement for Talkback, that will allow official Firefox builds to be entirely free of proprietary software.[50]

In September 2006, Mozilla requested Debian not to use the official Firefox name for its own patched version. Mozilla requires that distribution of builds called "Firefox" include the official artwork and that any changes made to the Firefox code required approval by Mozilla. Since the official artwork is trademarked and copyrighted, thus going against the Debian Free Software Guidelines, and since Debian didn't want to go through Mozilla to make changes, Debian decided to fork Firefox into IceWeasel.[51]

Market adoption

Usage share of Mozilla Firefox over time
Usage share of Mozilla Firefox over time
A graph of Firefox 1.x and 2.x cumulative downloads in millions
A graph of Firefox 1.x and 2.x cumulative downloads in millions

Usage share

Statistics reference: Usage share of web browsers

Web-surfers have adopted Firefox rapidly, despite the dominance of Internet Explorer in the browser market. Internet Explorer has seen a steady decline of its usage share since Firefox's release. According to several sources (as listed in statistics reference), by July 2006, Firefox had around 12% of global usage share.

Europe, according to a study released by the firm XiTi on 2006-06-16, generally had higher percentages of Firefox use, with an average of 20%.[52]

Download count

Downloads have continued at a steady rate since Firefox 1.0 was released in November 2004. No other Mozilla Foundation product has experienced such growth.[53]

These numbers[62] do not include downloads using software updates or from third-party websites. They do not represent a user count, as one download may be installed on many machines, or one person may download the software multiple times. Mozilla Vice President of Products Christopher Beard estimates that Firefox currently has 70 million to 80 million users as of October 2006.[63]

Spread Firefox campaigns

Main article: Spread Firefox

The rapid adoption of Firefox apparently accelerated in part because of a series of aggressive marketing campaigns since 2004. For example, Blake Ross and Asa Dotzler organized a series of events dubbed "marketing week".

On September 14, 2004, a marketing portal dubbed "Spread Firefox" (SFX) debuted along with the Firefox Preview Release, creating a centralized space for the discussion of various marketing techniques. The portal enhanced the "Get Firefox" button program, giving users "referrer points" as an incentive. The site lists the top 250 referrers. From time to time, the SFX team or SFX members launch marketing events organized at the Spread Firefox website.

World Firefox Day 2006

The World Firefox Day campaign started on July 15, 2006,[64] which is the anniversary of the founding of the Mozilla Foundation, and ran until September 15, 2006. Participants registered themselves and a friend on the website for nomination to have their names displayed on the Firefox Friends Wall, a digital wall that will be displayed at the headquarters of the Mozilla Foundation. An e-mail is sent to the nominated friend which provides a hyperlink to download Mozilla Firefox. If the friend downloads the program from this link the nomination is accepted. The names also appear on a website. The link to this website can be found by looking in the credits of the current version of Mozilla Firefox, Firefox 2. The Firefox Wall of Friends can also be found at the World Firefox Day website

Industry adoption

Since the pre-1.0 stages, several well-known websites and web applications, including Gmail, have supported (and in some cases, required) the use of Firefox. Since March 30, 2005, the Google search engine has utilized the link prefetching feature of Firefox for faster searching. Google, Inc. also recommends Firefox as the browser for its weblog service.[65] On May 18, 2005, eBay announced support for Firefox for its eBay Picture Manager.[66] In 2006, Microsoft released a Firefox-compatible Windows Genuine Advantage browser plug-in.[67]

Search engine companies including Google, Yahoo! and now also offer Firefox extensions for accessing their services, in addition to their original Internet Explorer add-ons. Google has released four Extensions for Firefox,[68] further affirming the company's interest in Firefox.

In December 2005, the Inquirer reported that Dell UK would start shipping the Firefox browser pre-installed on their PCs, but neither Dell nor Mozilla have confirmed this.[69]

Institutional adoption

During the FOSDEM 2005 conference, Tristan Nitot, president of Mozilla Europe, noted that Firefox has had more success in the consumer market than with institutions.[70] He also theorized that pressure from Microsoft caused institutions who had adopted Firefox to remain silent about it.

Some observers, such as Serdar Yegulalp of TechTarget[71] and Jim Rapooza of eWEEK[72] note that Firefox does not provide tools that make institutional deployment easier, such as a client customization kit (which Mozilla has since released[73]) or Microsoft Installer (MSI) packages. Furthermore, they note that Firefox does not support some technologies that are sometimes used in institutional environments, such as ActiveX and Active Directory (though it does support Kerberos and LDAP for certain functions).

While institutions may not be actively deploying Firefox in large numbers, more and more are allowing their employees to install Firefox, according to JupiterResearch. They found that in 2006, 44% of companies with more than 200 employees allowed Firefox on their employees' systems, compared with 26% in 2005.[74]

Other versions, builds, and forks

Portable versions

Mozilla Firefox - Portable Edition[75] (also known as Firefox Portable) is a repackaged version of Firefox designed to run from a USB flash drive, iPod, external hard drive, or other portable media. The newest version can also run live from a CD. It arose out of a mozillaZine thread in June 2004. John T. Haller released the first packaged version and has led its further development. It includes a specialized launcher that adjusts extensions and themes to work as it is moved between different computers. There is also a portable version of Firefox available for Macintosh computers called Portable Firefox OS X.[76]

Here is a full list of Firefox in portable app form:

  • Firefox Portable for Microsoft Windows and Wine on Linux/Unix[75]
  • Portable Firefox OS X for Mac OS X[76]
  • Cross-platform Portable Firefox for Mac OS X and Microsoft Windows[77]
  • Firefox for U3 smart drives[78]
  • X-Firefox as part of WinPenPack (in Italian only)[79]
  • Torpark (Portable Firefox with Tor built in)

Unofficial builds

IceWeasel is a generic term for unofficial builds of Firefox, and has been adopted by developers at GNU and Debian as the name for their versions.

Response from competition

Despite Firefox's apparent gains on Internet Explorer, Microsoft's head of Australian operations, Steve Vamos, stated that he did not see Firefox as a threat and that there was not significant demand for the featureset of Firefox among Microsoft's users. In contradiction to that statement, many features that previously distinguished Firefox from competitors are now available with Internet Explorer 7 Vamos stated that he himself had never used it.[80] Microsoft Chairman Bill Gates has used Firefox, but he has commented "so much software gets downloaded all the time, but do people actually use it?"[81]

A Microsoft SEC filing on June 30, 2005 acknowledged that browsers such as Mozilla are competitive threats to Internet Explorer: "Competitors such as Mozilla offer software that competes with the Internet Explorer Web browsing capabilities of our Windows operating system products."[82]

In August 2006, Microsoft made an offer to Mozilla to help integrate Firefox with the forthcoming Windows Vista,[83] which Mozilla accepted.[84] Upon the release of Firefox 2, the Internet Explorer 7 development team shipped a cake to Mozilla as a sign of appreciation.[85]

Relationship with Google

The Mozilla Corporation has begun a corporate relationship with Google,[86][87] especially with regards to use of Firefox to provide revenues and data for Google.[88] The release of the anti-phishing protection in Firefox 2.0 especially raised controversy.[89] Default anti-phishing protection is based on list that is regularly (approximately each half hour) updated and downloaded to user's computer[90] from Google's server (the user is not able to change data provider within GUI[91] nor is informed who default data provider is). The "advanced" security feature of builds by the Mozilla Foundation activate an anti-phishing feature to provide live protection and send each visited URL to Google[92] (the user must explicitly opt-in for it). Barring Internet privacy issues over such anti-phishing protection, there are concerns how Google may use the data, even though Firefox's privacy policy states that Google may not use personal information for any purposes other than the anti-phishing protection feature.[93] On the other hand, Google admits that it "may share aggregated non-personal information with third parties outside of Google".[94]




  1. ^ Mozilla contributors list. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  2. ^ Firefox FAQ.
  3. ^ Hesseldahl, Arik (September 29, 2004). Better Browser Now The Best. Forbes. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  4. ^ Mossberg, Walter S. (September 16, 2004). How to Protect Yourself From Vandals, Viruses If You Use Windows. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved on 2006-10-17. "I suggest dumping Microsoft's Internet Explorer Web browser, which has a history of security breaches. I recommend instead Mozilla Firefox, which is free at It's not only more secure but also more modern and advanced, with tabbed browsing, which allows multiple pages to be open on one screen, and a better pop-up ad blocker than the belated one Microsoft recently added to IE."
  5. ^ Stross, Randall (December 19, 2004). The Fox Is in Microsoft's Henhouse (and Salivating). New York Times. Retrieved on 2006-10-17. "With Firefox, open-source software moves from back-office obscurity to your home, and to your parents', too. (Your children in college are already using it.)"
  6. ^ Over 2 Million People Using Firefox 2 in the First 24 Hours
  7. ^ Global usage share Mozilla Firefox has increased according to (2006-07-09). Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  8. ^ mozilla development roadmap. Retrieved on 2006-10-08.
  9. ^ Mozilla holds 'fire' in naming fight. CNET
  10. ^ Phishing Protection Design Documentation - Background
  11. ^ Mozilla Firefox 2 Release Notes. Mozilla Corporation. Retrieved on 19 December 2006.
  12. ^ about:config. MozillaZine Knowledge Base.
  13. ^ Firefox Passes Acid2. TechSpot Weblog.
  14. ^ FreshPorts entry on Firefox.
  15. ^ Mozilla X64 website
  16. ^ Web Developer Site
  17. ^ Time to Dump Internet Explorer. SecurityFocus.
  18. ^ CNET editors' review for Mozilla Firefox. C|Net Reviews.
  19. ^ Are the Browser Wars Back?. Slate.
  20. ^ Firefox Sports More Bugs, But IE Takes 9 Times Longer To Patch, TechWeb.
  21. ^ Symantec adjusts browser bug count, InfoWorld
  22. ^ Privacy & Security Preferences - SSL.
  23. ^ Bypassing Security Restrictions and Signing Code. mozilla developer center.
  24. ^ Mozilla Security Bug Bounty Program
  25. ^ Handling Mozilla Security Bugs.
  26. ^ Firefox 1.5: Not Ready For Prime Time? InternetWeek.
  27. ^ Bug 319262 - Significant memory leak. Bugzilla.
  28. ^ Problematic Extensions. MozillaZine Knowledge Base
  29. ^ Acrobat Reader Plug-in information. MozillaZine Knowledge Base
  30. ^ Which New Browser Is Best: Firefox 2, Internet Explorer 7, or Opera 9?. PC Magazine.
  31. ^ Review: Radically New IE7 or Updated Mozilla Firefox 2--Which Browser is Better?. PC World.
  32. ^ IE 7 vs IE 6. Zimbra.
  33. ^ Mozilla Firefox Review. Softpedia. Retrieved on 2006-09-22.
  34. ^ a b Browser Speed Comparisons
  35. ^ Mozilla Cairo Vector Graphics. mozillaZine.. A page describing the future usage of Cairo.
  36. ^ Google Groups: Retrieved on 2006-09-17.
  37. ^ Gran Paradiso Alpha 1 available for download.
  38. ^ ReleaseRoadmap (2006-11-08). Retrieved on 2006-12-14.
  39. ^ Places (2006-10-16). Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  40. ^ Gecko 1.9 Roadmap. Retrieved on 2006-09-17.
  41. ^ Berger, Adam (2006-06-15). Firefox 3.0 will not support Windows 98 or ME. gadgetell. Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  42. ^ Mac:Cocoa Widgets. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  43. ^ Firefox/Feature Brainstorming (2006-10-20). Retrieved on 2006-10-21.
  44. ^ Eich, Brendan (2006-10-13). Mozilla 2. Retrieved on 2006-09-16.
  45. ^ Eich, Brendan (2006-11-07). Project Tamarin. Retrieved on 2006-11-14.
  46. ^ a b Mozilla Foundation MPL Relicensing FAQ [1]
  47. ^ Richard Stallman. On the Netscape Public License.
  48. ^ GNU comments on MPL [2]
  49. ^ Free Software Directory: Firefox [3]
  50. ^ Deploying the Airbag. BSBlog (Mozilla developer Benjamin Smedberg's weblog).
  51. ^ Debian bug report log #354622: "[packages 'firefox' and 'thunderbird'] use Mozilla Firefox trademark without permission" [4]
  52. ^ Firefox surveyPDF
  53. ^ Firefox and more: the graphs (part 1). Asa Dotzler's weblog.
  54. ^ 1,000,000+ downloads on day 1
  55. ^ firefox 25,000,000
  56. ^ celebrating 50 million firefox downloads
  57. ^ Firefox Exceeds 75 million Downloads
  58. ^ firefox hits one hundred million downloads
  59. ^ 150 million and counting!
  60. ^ Firefox 200 Million Downloads - what it means
  61. ^ 250000000 downloads!
  62. ^
  63. ^ Final Version of Mozilla Firefox 2 Will Be Released Oct. 24. PC World.
  64. ^ "World Firefox Day Launches", Sfx Team's Blog, Spread Firefox, 2006-07-16.
  65. ^ Where can I upgrade my browser? Blogger Help.
  66. ^ eBay Picture Manager Enhancements. eBay.
  67. ^ Genuine Microsoft Software (HTML). Windows Genuine Advantage: Frequently Asked Questions. Microsoft Corporation (2006). Retrieved on 2006-11-06.
  68. ^
  69. ^ Firefox shipping on Dell UK.
  70. ^ Firefox sneaks into the enterprise. ZDNet UK.
  71. ^ Serdar Yegulalp. How to switch an enterprise from IE to Firefox. TechTarget. Retrieved on 2006-10-08.
  72. ^ Jim Rapooza. Mozilla Firefox 1.0. eWEEK. Retrieved on 2006-10-08.
  73. ^ Firefox 1.5 CCK (Client Customization Kit) Wizard. Retrieved on 2006-09-22.
  74. ^ J. Nicholas Hoover. IE7 vs. Firefox 2.0: Why This Browser Battle Matters To Businesses. InformationWeek. Retrieved on 2006-10-17.
  75. ^ a b
  76. ^ a b
  77. ^
  78. ^
  79. ^ WinPenPack - X-Software collection. Retrieved on 2006-09-17.
  80. ^ Microsoft: Firefox does not threaten IE's market share. ZDNet.
  81. ^ The assault on software giant Microsoft. BBC News.
  82. ^ Firefox a threat. MozillaZine.
  83. ^ Microsoft reaches out to Firefox developers
  84. ^ Microsoft offers helping hand to Firefox
  85. ^ From Redmond With Love. fredericiana.
  86. ^ Mozilla's Millions?
  87. ^ Mozilla Confirms Firefox Taking In Millions Of Google Dollars
  88. ^ Mozilla sells out to Google
  89. ^ Firefox 2 releases privacy storm
  90. ^
  91. ^ Bug 342188 - support changing the local list data provider
  92. ^ Overview of Firefox Phishing Protection
  93. ^ Firefox Privacy Policy.
  94. ^ Google Privacy Policy Highlights. Google Inc. (2005-10-14). Retrieved on 2006-12-11.


  • Goodger, Ben (2004). Mozilla Firefox Development Charter. Retrieved on 2004-09-22.
  • Hesseldahl, Arik. "Better Browser Now the Best", Forbes, 2004-09-29.
  • Markham, Gervase. "Firefox Language Coverage", Hacking for Christ, 2004-11-30.
  • Mossberg, Walt. "How to Protect Yourself From Vandals, Viruses If You Use Windows", Wall Street Journal, 2004-09-16.
  • Schmidt, Jürgen. "Chrome-plated holes. Mozilla's security concept is not invincible", c't magazine, 2005-07-13. 14/2005, page 202.
  • Stross, Randall. "The Fox Is in Microsoft's Henhouse (and Salivating)", New York Times, 2004-12-19.
  • Weber, Tim. "The assault on software giant Microsoft", BBC News, 2005-05-09.

Further reading

Wikibooks has more on the topic of
Mozilla Firefox
  • Granneman, Scott (2005). Don't Click on the Blue E!: Switching to Firefox. O'Reilly. ISBN 0-596-00939-9.
  • Hofmann, Chris; Marcia Knous, & John Hedtke (2005). Firefox and Thunderbird Garage. Prentice Hall PTR. ISBN 0-13-187004-1.
  • McFarlane, Nigel (2005). Firefox Hacks. O'Reilly. ISBN 0-596-00928-3.
  • Reyes, Mel (2005). Hacking Firefox : More Than 150 Hacks, Mods, and Customizations. Wiley. ISBN 0-7645-9650-0.
  • Ross, Blake (2006). Firefox for Dummies. Wiley. ISBN 0-471-74899-4.
  • Yeow, Cheah Chu (2005). Firefox Secrets: A Need-To-Know Guide. O'Reilly. ISBN 0-9752402-4-2.

See also

  • Browser timeline
  • Comparison of web browsers
  • Flock
  • List of Firefox extensions
  • List of web browsers
  • Netscape Navigator
  • Swiftfox
  • Wikipedia Firefox Browser Tools


  • Mozilla (from which the Firefox project descends)
  • Mozilla Corporation
  • Mozilla Foundation
  • Mozilla Add-ons

External links

Wikinews has news related to:
  • Mozilla Firefox homepage – For end-users.
  • Mozilla Firefox project page – For developers.
  • Mozilla EULA
  • Firefox changelogs
  • – All releases from 1.0rc1 to the current beta/RC.
  • Firefox older versions – All of the old versions from version 0.8 to the latest one
  • Spread Firefox – The center for Firefox marketing
  • BBC News: Internet Explorer 7.0 and Firefox 2.0 Go Head-to-Head
  • − Vulnerability report for Mozilla Firefox 1
  • − Vulnerability report for Mozilla Firefox 2

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