From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The xylophone (from the Greek meaning 'wooden sound') is a musical instrument in the percussion family which probably originated in Indonesia (Nettl 1956, p.98). It consists of wooden bars of various lengths that are struck by a plastic, wooden, or rubber mallet. Each bar is tuned to a specific pitch of the scale Xylophones are tuned to different scale systems depending on their origin, including pentatonic, heptatonic, diatonic, or chromatic. The arrangement of the bars is generally from low (longer bars) to high (shorter bars). The xylophone has a brighter tone than its cousin the marimba, and the sustaining power of the notes is dependednt upon the material the keys are made of. Modern xylophones include resonating tubes below the bars. A xylophone with a range extending downwards into the marimba range is called a xylorimba.
The xylophone features in a number of classical pieces, with the Danse macabre (1874) by Camille Saint-SaŽns, and "Fossils" from the same composer's Carnival of the Animals (1886) being two of the better known. An early use of the xylophone in a symphony is found in Gustav Mahler's Symphony No. 6. The xylophone was popularized in America in the early 20th century with the rising popularity of ragtime music, most notably through the works and virtuosity of xylophonist George Hamilton Green.
"Xylophone" is one of very few English words to begin with the letter X (excluding words like X-ray).
List of Xylophones
- Kulintang a Kayo
- Gandingan a Kayo
- Luntang/Kwintangan kayo
- T'rung (Vietnamese bamboo xylophone)
- Musical Stones of Skiddaw
- Nettl, Bruno (1956). Music in Primitive Culture. Harvard University Press.
- Jessup, Lynne (1984). The Mandinka Balafon. Xylo Publications
- Mo Kin - 3-Year-Old xylophone Genius
- The Genius Kids - Young Girl Playing xylophone
- The Genius Teenagers - Amazing xylophone & Percussion Performance
- Traditional Music of the Southern Philippines - An online textbook about Southern Pilipino Kulintang Music with an extensive section devoted to the Philippine xylophones: the kulintang a kayo, gandingan a kayo and the luntang.
- amadinda - a website devoted to the xylophone tradition in Uganda, including tutorials, sound recordings, photos, teaching ideas, and information on groups.