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DISPONIBILI
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ARTICLES IN THE BOOK

  1. Academic Free License
  2. Adaptive Public License
  3. Advogato
  4. Affero General Public License
  5. Africa Source
  6. AKademy
  7. Alternative terms for free software
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  13. Artistic License
  14. Association For Free Software
  15. August Penguin
  16. Benetech
  17. Benevolent Dictator for Life
  18. BerliOS
  19. Binary blob
  20. BK02
  21. Blender Foundation
  22. Bruce Perens' Open Source Series
  23. BSD licenses
  24. CeCILL
  25. CE Linux Forum
  26. Clarkson Open Source Institute
  27. Code Breakers
  28. CodePlex
  29. Collaborative software development model
  30. Collaborative Source license
  31. Common Development and Distribution License
  32. Common Public License
  33. Comparison of free software hosting facilities
  34. CONSOL
  35. Copycenter
  36. Copyleft
  37. Creative Commons licenses
  38. Debconf
  39. Debian Free Software Guidelines
  40. Debian Manifesto
  41. Desktop Developers' Conference
  42. Eclipse Foundation
  43. Eclipse Public License
  44. Enterprise open source journal
  45. European Union Public Licence
  46. Everybody Loves Eric Raymond
  47. Forum Internacional Software Livre
  48. Fedora Project
  49. FOSDEM
  50. FOSS.IN
  51. Fossap
  52. Frameworx License
  53. Free content
  54. Free Culture movement
  55. Freedesktop.org
  56. Freely redistributable software
  57. Freepository
  58. Free software
  59. Free Software Award for Projects of Social Benefit
  60. Free software community
  61. Free Software Directory
  62. Free Software Foundation
  63. Free Software Foundation Europe
  64. Free Software Foundation Latin America
  65. Free Software Foundation of India
  66. Free Software Initiative of Japan
  67. Free software license
  68. Free Software Magazine
  69. Free software movement
  70. Free Software Song
  71. Free Standards Group
  72. FSF Award for the Advancement of Free Software
  73. GCC Summit
  74. Gna.org
  75. GNAT Modified General Public License
  76. Gnits Standards
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  80. GNU Free Documentation License
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  95. Historical Permission Notice and Disclaimer
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  99. IBM Type-III Library
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  101. International Open Source Network
  102. Irish Free Software Organisation
  103. ISC licence
  104. Jargon File
  105. Jimbo Wales
  106. KDE Dot News
  107. KernelTrap
  108. LAMP
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  112. libpng
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  115. Linus Torvalds
  116. Linux.conf.au
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  142. NewsForge
  143. New Zealand Open Source Society
  144. NonProfit Open Source Initiative
  145. Non-proprietary software
  146. Nupedia Open Content License
  147. ObjectWeb
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  159. Open Software License
  160. Open-source advocacy
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  162. Open-source culture
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  165. Open-source evangelist
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  170. Open source movie
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  172. Open source software development
  173. Open source software development method
  174. Open Source Software Institute
  175. Open source teaching
  176. Open source vs. closed source
  177. Open-sourcing
  178. O'Reilly Open Source Convention
  179. Organisation for Free Software in Education and Teaching
  180. OSDL
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  182. Patent Commons
  183. PHP License
  184. Pionia
  185. Pionia Organization
  186. Proprietary software
  187. Protecting the Virtual Commons
  188. Public Documentation License
  189. Public-domain equivalent license
  190. Python License
  191. Python Software Foundation License
  192. Q Public License
  193. RealNetworks Public Source License
  194. Reciprocal Public License
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  198. RubyForge
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  201. SIL Open Font License
  202. Simputer General Public License
  203. SIPfoundry
  204. Slashdot
  205. Sleepycat License
  206. Software Freedom Day
  207. Software Freedom Law Center
  208. Software in the Public Interest
  209. SourceForge
  210. Spread Firefox
  211. Sun Industry Standards Source License
  212. Sun Public License
  213. Sybase Open Watcom Public License
  214. Tanenbaum-Torvalds debate
  215. Tectonic Magazine
  216. The Cathedral and the Bazaar
  217. The Freedom Toaster
  218. The Free Software Definition
  219. The Perl Foundation
  220. The Right to Read
  221. The Summit Open Source Development Group
  222. Tigris.org
  223. Tivoization
  224. Tux
  225. Tux Magazine
  226. Ubuntu Foundation
  227. Use of Free and Open Source Software in the U.S. Department of Defense
  228. Vores Ol
  229. W3C Software Notice and License
  230. Webgpl
  231. What the Hack
  232. Wizards of OS
  233. WTFPL
  234. X.Org Foundation
  235. Xiph.Org Foundation
  236. Yet Another Perl Conference
  237. Yogurt

 

 
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FREE SOFTWARE CULTURE
This article is from:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAMP_%28software_bundle%29

All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License 

LAMP (software bundle)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

 

The acronym LAMP (or L.A.M.P.) refers to a set of free software programs commonly used together to run dynamic Web sites or servers:

  • Linux, (more precisely GNU/Linux) the operating system;
  • Apache, the Web server;
  • MySQL, the database management system (or database server);
  • PHP (Sometimes Perl or Python), the programming language.

The combination of these technologies is used primarily to define a web server infrastructure, define a programming paradigm of developing software, and establish a software distribution package.

Though the originators of these open source programs did not design them all to work specifically with each other, the combination has become popular because of its low acquisition cost and because of the ubiquity of its components (which come bundled with most current Linux distributions particularly as deployed by ISPs). When used in combination they represent a solution stack of technologies that support application servers. Other such stacks include unified application development environments such as Apple Computer's WebObjects, Java/Java EE, Grails, and Microsoft's .NET architecture.

The scripting component of the LAMP stack has its origins in the CGI web interfaces that became popular in the early 1990s. This technology allows the user of a web browser to execute a program on the web server, and to thereby receive dynamic as well as static content. Programmers used scripting languages with these programs because of their ability to manipulate text streams easily and efficiently, even when they originate from disparate sources. For this reason system designers often referred to such scripting systems as glue languages.

Michael Kunze coined the acronym LAMP in an article for the German computing magazine c't in 1998 (12/98, page 230). The article aimed to show that a bundle of free software could provide a viable alternative to commercial packages. Knowing about the IT-world's love of acronyms, Kunze came up with LAMP as a marketing-like term to popularize the use of free software [reference?]. O'Reilly and MySQL AB have popularized the term among English-speakers. Indeed, MySQL AB has since based some of its marketing efforts on the popularity of the LAMP stack.

Software

Linux

Main article: Linux

Linux (also known as GNU/Linux) is a Unix-like computer operating system.

Apache HTTP Server

Main article: Apache HTTP Server

Apache HTTP Server is a free software/open source web server, the most popular in use,[1] serving as the de facto reference platform against which other web servers are designed and judged.

MySQL

Main article: MySQL

MySQL is a multithreaded, multi-user, SQL Database Management System (DBMS) with more than six million installations.[1]

PHP

Main article: PHP

PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) is a reflective programming language originally designed for producing dynamic Web pages. PHP is used mainly in server-side application software, but can be used from a command line interface or in standalone graphical applications.

Variants

Sometimes Perl and Python are used in place of PHP and are often referred to as LAMP systems as well. One review of the platform goes so far as to say "Let the P stand for PHP, Perl, Python, and Ruby."[2] Some developers prefer to use the M to mean mod perl or mod python and the P to mean PostgreSQL in effect reversing the M and the P in functionality, which can cause some confusion.

Another variant designates the M to be Middleware (including Ruby, Perl,Python etc) and the P to be PostgreSQL. Although not generally accepted, this definition could be seen as a token of the continuing evolution in the free software community while redefining its objectives and boundaries.

Operating system

See also: List of operating systems and Comparison of operating systems
  • AMP, omitting the operating system
  • AMPS, using SSL or Solaris
  • BAMP, using BSD
  • MAMP, using Macintosh. [2]
  • NAMP, using Novell NetWare
  • PAMP, using PC-BSD
  • PUMA, using Unix
  • WAMP, using Microsoft Windows
  • VAMP, using OpenVMS. [3]

Web server

See also: Comparison of web servers

The most common replacement for Apache HTTP Server is Microsoft Internet Information Services or IIS. Because this can only be run on Microsoft software, the Linux operating system is replaced with Microsoft Windows.

  • FWIP, for Firebird, Windows, IIS, and PHP
  • WIMP, for Windows, IIS, MySQL, and PHP
  • WIMSA or WISA, for Windows, IIS, Microsoft SQL Server, and ASP
  • WISC, for Windows, IIS, Microsoft SQL Server, and C#
  • WISP, for Windows, IIS, Microsoft SQL Server, and PHP

Database

See also: List of relational database management systems and Comparison of relational database management systems
  • BAPP, using BSD and PostgreSQL
  • FLAP, using Firebird
  • LAIP, using Informix
  • LAPP, using PostgreSQL
  • LAPS, using PostgreSQL servlets
  • OPAL, using Oracle
  • WASP, using Windows, Apache, SQL Server and PHP

Programming language

See also: Comparison of programming languages
  • LAMP, where the P is for Perl or Python
  • LAMP, where the P is for Primate, using Mono (software)
  • MALT, using Apache Tapestry
  • GLAM, using Groovy
  • LAMJ, using JSP servlets
  • LAMR, using Ruby

Other variations

  • "A Brighter LAMP", with the last two letters meaning Middleware and PostgreSQL; this allows selection of languages that do not start with the letter P such as Tcl and Ruby
  • AMPLE, with the E for Eclipse
  • FWAP, for Firebird, Windows, Apache, and PHP
  • LAMPS, with the S for SSL or SugarCRM
  • MARS, for MySQL, Apache, Ruby, and Solaris [4]
  • STOJ, for Solaris, Tomcat, Oracle and Java
  • WAPP, for Windows, Apache, PostgreSQL, and PHP
  • LAMAR, for Linux, Apache, MySQL, AJAX, and Ruby on Rails
  • JSAS, for Joomla! Stand Alone Server
  • MSAS, for Mambo Stand Alone Server

Some employ the term LAMP generically to describe such alternative systems rather than make a new acronym, using it to denote the contrast between such systems and a unified web application development environment.

As an example, Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia, runs software in what one could characterize as a LAMP environment. Wikipedia uses MediaWiki software, developed primarily under Linux, with content served with Apache HTTP server, content stored in a MySQL database, and program logic implemented in PHP.

See also

 
  • Comparison of WAMPs
  • List of web application frameworks
  • List of AMP Packages Combined installers for Apache, MySQL and PHP.
  • WISA

References

  1. ^ http://news.netcraft.com/archives/web_server_survey.html
  2. ^ Dale Dougherty (January 26, 2001). LAMP: The Open Source Web Platform.

Further reading

  • A Comparison of two major dynamic web platforms (LAMP vs. WISA) by Andrew Penry
  • LAMP Installation - Helpful Guide on Setting up LAMP on Linux Servers.

External links

  • ONLamp, from O'Reilly & Associates
  • unofficial LAMP logo
  • LAMP community site
  • LAMP Servers on SUSE Linux Enterprise
Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LAMP_%28software_bundle%29"